A Study of Diet-related Cancer Control Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors Among Low-income African American and Hispanic Women

A Study of Diet-related Cancer Control Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors Among Low-income African American and Hispanic Women

Author: Monica Maxine Brown

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822021454962

Category: African American women

Page: 312

View: 418

Introduction. Women in ethnic minority groups and women with low socioeconomic status have higher mortality rates from cancers than non-minority women or those from higher socioeconomic classes. Higher rates of morbidity and mortality from cancer may be attributable, in part, to lower levels of health promoting behaviors, such as having a diet low in vegetables and fruits. The purpose of this study was to compare average daily consumption of vegetables and fruits between low income African American and Hispanic women; to examine differences on diet related cancer control attitudes, beliefs and behaviors; and to examine the relationship of demographic, sociocultural and diet-related cancer control attitudes, beliefs and behaviors with the average daily consumption of vegetables and fruit among African American women. Methods. A two-stage, cluster sampling procedure was used to acquire a convenience sample of 124 African American women for this cross-sectional study. Results were then compared to results of a concurrent survey of 102 Latinas in the Por La Vida Cuidándome study. Telephone interviews were conducted to complete questionnaires which included a 24-hour diet recall from which the primary outcomes for this study were calculated. Results. There were differences in self-reported vegetable and fruit consumption between the groups. African American women consumed a mean of 3.9 (s.d. 1.23) servings per day while Latinas consumed a mean of 5.6 (s.d. 0.77) servings per day in a 24-hour period. Variety of vegetables and fruits consumed differed as well, with African Americans women averaging 3.1 and Latinas, 3.6 types of vegetables and fruits per day. Groups differed with respect to diet-related cancer attitudes, beliefs, behaviors. Multivariate modeling, using recruitment group as the unit of analysis, indicated that perceived ease of diet change, frequency of eating a healthy diet, being Latina and marital status predicted vegetable and fruit consumption, and variety of vegetable and fruit after adjusting for age and socioeconomic status. Conclusion. Interventions may be necessary to increase knowledge, improve attitudes, and change behaviors to increase vegetable and fruit consumption among low-income African American women.

Health Promotion in Multicultural Populations

Health Promotion in Multicultural Populations

Author: Michael V. Kline

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483342672

Category: Medical

Page: 641

View: 605

The thoroughly updated Second Edition of Health Promotion in Multicultural Populations grounds readers in the understanding that health promotion programs in multicultural settings require an in-depth knowledge of the cultural group being targeted. Numerous advances and improvements in theory and practice in health promotion and disease prevention (HPDP) are presented. Editors Michael V Kline and Robert M Huff have expanded the book to include increased attention directed to students and instructors while also continuing to provide a handbook for practitioners in the field. This book combines the necessary pedagogical features of a textbook with the scholarship found in a traditional handbook. Several new chapters have been added early in the text to provide stronger foundations for understanding the five sections that follow. The book considers five specific multicultural groups: Hispanic/Latino, African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian American, and Pacific Islander populations. The first chapter in each of the five population group sections presents an overview devoted to understanding this special population from a variety of perspectives. The second chapter of each section explains how to assess, plan, implement, and evaluate health promotion programs for each of the specific groups. The third chapter in each section highlights a case study to emphasize points made in the overview and planning chapters. The fourth chapter in each section provides "Tips" for working with the cultural groups described in that section. New to the Second Edition Devotes a chapter to traditional health beliefs and traditions that can help the practitioner better understand how these beliefs and traditions can impact on Western biomedical practices Contains a new chapter that evaluates health disparities across the U.S. Presents a new chapter that examines ethical dilemmas and considerations in a multicultural context Offers updated citations and content throughout Gives selected Web sites of interest Intended Audience This book is ideal for practitioners and students in the fields of health promotion and education, public health, nursing, medicine, psychology, sociology, social work, physical therapy, radiology technology and other allied professions.

Health Promotion in Multicultural Populations

Health Promotion in Multicultural Populations

Author: Robert M. Huff

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483322018

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 441

Edited by Robert M. Huff, Michael V. Kline, and Darleen V. Peterson, the Third Edition of Health Promotion in Multicultural Populations offers both students and practitioners an indispensable resource on assessment and implementation guidelines for promoting health and enhancing behaviors that optimize health in any cultural community. Leading experts explore a wide range of topics, including the context of culture, cross-cultural perceptions of health, conceptual approaches to multicultural health promotion, health disparities, and the contributions of multicultural populations. Using the Cultural Assessment Framework (CAF), this proven handbook includes a focus on six specific populations (Hispanic/Latino, African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian American, Pacific Islanders, and Arab Americans).The text concludes with a set of tips for working cross-culturally and a discussion about where the field is heading with respect to research and practice in the 21st century.

The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, 4th Edition

The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, 4th Edition

Author: Kristin A. Riekert, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826199362

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 110

Choice Outstanding Academic Title! 4 Stars - Doody's! Praise for the Third Edition: "This work will be one that students and clinicians keep on their shelves as the gold-standard reference for health behavior change. Summing up: Essential" --Choice Substantially revised to reflect current trends in the field of health behavior change, this new edition of the highly acclaimed "gold standard" text continues to provide a comprehensive overview of behavior change as it relates to public health. It has been extensively reorganized to eliminate redundancies in the earlier edition, and takes a broader, more pragmatic approach in its coverage of health behavior change. New content includes chapters on lifestyle change and prevention and chronic disease management, with an intensive focus on specific behaviors (i.e. diet and nutrition, tobacco use) and chronic illness (i.e diabetes, heart disease). A new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior Change focuses on the efficacy of interventions implemented within various systems such as schools, workplaces, and health care systems. The fourth edition also provides learning objectives and discussion questions to facilitate use by course instructors in health psychology, behavioral medicine, and public health. This multidisciplinary text has been authored and edited by highly esteemed practitioners, educators, and researchers who are experts in their specific areas of study. The majority of the text continues to be organized around the specific behaviors and chronic illnesses with the most significant public health impacts in terms of morbidity and mortality. Each chapter explains the significance of a particular problem and reviews the empirical evidence for the various intervention approaches. New to the Fourth Edition: Extensively reorganized to eliminate redundancies Updated to encompass the most current research in health behavior change Includes new chapters on Alcohol, Stress and Mood Management, Diabetes, Obesity, The Workplace, Built Environment, and Behavior Data Focuses intensively on specific behaviors and chronic illnesses that significantly affect public health Includes a new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior Change Applicable to a wide variety of courses including public health, behavior change, preventive medicine, and health psychology Authored by leading researchers, educators, and practitioners with a multidisciplinary focus Includes learning objectives and discussion questions

African American Psychology

African American Psychology

Author: Faye Z. Belgrave

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506333410

Category: Psychology

Page: 640

View: 996

African American Psychology: From Africa to America, Fourth Edition provides comprehensive coverage of the field of African American psychology. Authors Faye Z. Belgrave and Kevin W. Allison skillfully convey the integration of African and American influences on the psychology of African Americans using a consistent theme throughout the text—the idea that understanding the psychology of African Americans is closely linked to understanding what is happening in the institutional systems in the United States. The Fourth Edition reflects notable advances and important developments in the field over the last several years, and includes evidence-based practices for improving the overall well-being of African American communities. New to the Fourth Edition Coverage of current issues affecting African Americans and causing changes in the social-political environment include the Black Lives Matter movement, racial trauma, and more. Content from blogs has been added to chapter-opening cover stories to reflect the more modern ways news and information are obtained. More coverage of literature and research on Blacks throughout the diaspora, especially in Africa, provide historical context and documents heterogeneity among African Americans in the United States. Expanded coverage of topics as a result of recent research includes LGBTQ individuals, African American fathers, colorism, intersectionality, electronic cigarettes, social media, and more. More...

The Oxford Handbook of Health Communication, Behavior Change, and Treatment Adherence

The Oxford Handbook of Health Communication, Behavior Change, and Treatment Adherence

Author: Leslie R. Martin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199795888

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 666

Better health all around--this is what clinicians and patients, alike, desire. But achieving and maintaining good health can be difficult task, as this requires the adoption of behaviors, habits, and lifestyles that are challenging for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most vital tool in the delivery of healthcare, despite its low-tech nature, is communication--it plays an important role in informing, motivating, and ultimately achieving optimal health behaviors. This edited volume brings together top-notch scientists and practitioners to explain and illustrate the state-of-the-art in the interfaces of health communication, behavior change, and treatment adherence. The Oxford Handbook of Health Communication, Behavior Change, and Treatment Adherence presents a three-factor model that includes information, motivation, and strategy. If individuals are to engage in health-promoting behaviors they must be informed and know what they should do and how to do it. But information is not enough--individuals must want to carry out those behaviors, they must be motivated to do so. Finally, people must have the resources to do those things that they know are good and that they desire to do--barriers must be minimized or removed and effective strategies and support systems put into place. Although these three elements are broadly applicable, their details will necessarily vary; the second major section of the handbook therefore revisits health behavior change and treatment adherence from the perspective of different points in the lifespan and in the context of comorbidities. Readers will find in this handbook a synthesis of cutting-edge empirical research and demonstrably effective applications, solidly grounded in theory. Clearly written by some of the best scholars and professionals in the field, this volume is accessible, highly informative, and a must-have for understanding the ins-and-outs of health communication, behavior change, and treatment adherence.

Nursing Diagnosis Handbook, 12th Edition Revised Reprint with 2021-2023 NANDA-I® Updates - E-Book

Nursing Diagnosis Handbook, 12th Edition Revised Reprint with 2021-2023 NANDA-I® Updates - E-Book

Author: Betty J. Ackley

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323875707

Category: Medical

Page: 1025

View: 498

Step-by-step instructions show how to use the Guide to Nursing Diagnoses and Guide to Planning Care sections to create a unique, individualized plan of care. UNIQUE! Care plans are provided for NANDA-I© approved nursing diagnoses. Evidence-based interventions and rationales include recent or classic research and references supporting the use of each intervention. Examples of and suggested NIC interventions and NOC outcomes are presented in each care plan. 150 NCLEX® exam-style review questions are available on the Evolve website. Easy-to-follow Sections I and II guide you through the nursing process and selection of appropriate nursing diagnoses. Clear, concise interventions are usually only a sentence or two long and use no more than two references. Safety content emphasizes what must be considered to provide safe patient care. List of NANDA-I© Diagnoses on the inside front cover of the book provides quick reference to page numbers. Alphabetical thumb tabs allow quick access to specific symptoms and nursing diagnoses. Appendixes provide valuable information in an easy-to-access location.