Artificial Psychology

Artificial Psychology

Author: Jay Friedenberg

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781136873881

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 118

Is it possible to construct an artificial person? Researchers in the field of artificial intelligence have for decades been developing computer programs that emulate human intelligence. This book goes beyond intelligence and describes how close we are to recreating many of the other capacities that make us human. These abilities include learning, creativity, consciousness, and emotion. The attempt to understand and engineer these abilities constitutes the new interdisciplinary field of artificial psychology, which is characterized by contributions from philosophy, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, computer science, and robotics. This work is intended for use as a main or supplementary introductory textbook for a course in cognitive psychology, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, or the philosophy of mind. It examines human abilities as operating requirements that an artificial person must have and analyzes them from a multidisciplinary approach. The book is comprehensive in scope, covering traditional topics like perception, memory, and problem solving. However, it also describes recent advances in the study of free will, ethical behavior, affective architectures, social robots, and hybrid human-machine societies.

Biographical Dictionary of Psychology

Biographical Dictionary of Psychology

Author: Noel Sheehy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415285615

Category: Psychology

Page: 702

View: 975

This Dictionary provides biographical and bibliographical information on over 500 psychologists from all over the world from 1850 to the present day. All branches of psychology and its related disciplines are featured.

Psychology for Kids

Psychology for Kids

Author: Jacqueline B. Toner

Publisher: American Psychological Association

ISBN: 9781433836923

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 482

This exciting new book is ideal for adults who love DK's The Psychology Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. Psychology for Kids introduces kids to the science of psychology, with chapters on the brain, personality, intelligence, emotions, social relationships, and more. Accompanied by colorful illustrations of psychology’s big ideas, and lots of hands-on experiments to try at home, there’s no better way to dive into the fascinating science of the mind. Why do we sleep? What are feelings? How do we make decisions, and how do we learn from them? Psychology helps us ask and answer these big questions about ourselves, others, and the world around us.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology

Author: Sarah Robins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429534829

Category: Philosophy

Page: 963

View: 701

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology, Second Edition is an invaluable guide and major reference source to the key topics, problems, concepts, and debates in philosophy of psychology and is the first companion of its kind. A team of renowned international contributors provide forty-eight chapters, organized into six clear parts: Historical background to philosophy of psychology Psychological explanation Cognition and representation The biological basis of psychology Perceptual experience Personhood. The Companion covers key topics, such as the origins of experimental psychology; folk psychology; behaviorism and functionalism; philosophy, psychology and neuroscience; the language of thought, modularity, nativism, and representational theories of mind; consciousness and the senses; dreams, emotion, and temporality; personal identity; and the philosophy of psychopathology. For the second edition, six new chapters have been added to address the following important topics: belief and representation in nonhuman animals; prediction error minimization; contemporary neuroscience; plant neurobiology; epistemic judgment; and group cognition. Essential reading for all students of philosophy of mind, science, and psychology, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology will also be of interest to anyone studying psychology and its related disciplines.

Companion Encyclopedia of Psychology

Companion Encyclopedia of Psychology

Author: Andrew M. Colman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136122606

Category: Psychology

Page: 731

View: 359

Psychology plays an increasingly important role in today's society. Its influence can be seen all around us - be it in the home, the workplace, the school or our private lives. A uniquely diverse discipline, it ranges from social psychology to biological aspects of behaviour, and from basic research to the applied professions. This Companion Encyclopedia covers all these main branches of psychological research and professional practice. The thematic arrangement is the result of the Editor's extensive research into syllabi, from which he distilled the 13 most frequently taught units. Students can consult and be referred to sections relating to their lecture programme, and can find lucid definitions of frequently used terms in the Glossary. Headings and sub-headings are clearly highlighted at the beginning of each chapter - ideal for quick reference. * Provides authoritative and in-depth reference material on all major branches of psychological research and professional practice * Contributors include many of the world's most eminent psychologists * Written in a lively style without assuming previous knowledge of the subject * Structured according to the core topics appearing most often as discrete modules in contemporary psychology courses * Detailed bibliographies, further reading sections, exhaustive index and glossary of technical terms * Containing 165 supporting illustrations

The Shaping of Modern Psychology

The Shaping of Modern Psychology

Author: L.S. Hearnshaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000767377

Category: Psychology

Page: 430

View: 134

Originally published in 1987, The Shaping of Modern Psychology presents a systematic survey of the development of psychology from the dawn of civilization to the late 1980s. Psychology as we find it today has been shaped by many influences, philosophical, theological, scientific, medical and sociological. It has deep roots in the whole history of human thought, and its significance cannot be properly appreciated without an understanding of the way it has developed. This book covers the history of modern psychology from its animistic beginnings, through the Greek philosophers and the Christian theologians, and developments such as the Scientific Revolution, to the time of first publication. The author drew on many years’ teaching experience in the subject and on a lifetime’s interest in psychology. The growth of psychology had been particularly impressive during the twentieth century and Professor Hearnshaw also looked to the future of the discipline. He showed that the new vistas opening out in fields such as neuropsychology, information theory and artificial intelligence, for example, were hopeful indications for the future, provided the lessons of the past were not forgotten. With the benefit of hindsight, we now know that he was right!

A Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology

A Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology

Author: Andrew S. Gordon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108509633

Category: Computers

Page:

View: 471

Commonsense psychology refers to the implicit theories that we all use to make sense of people's behavior in terms of their beliefs, goals, plans, and emotions. These are also the theories we employ when we anthropomorphize complex machines and computers as if they had humanlike mental lives. In order to successfully cooperate and communicate with people, these theories will need to be represented explicitly in future artificial intelligence systems. This book provides a large-scale logical formalization of commonsense psychology in support of humanlike artificial intelligence. It uses formal logic to encode the deep lexical semantics of the full breadth of psychological words and phrases, providing fourteen hundred axioms of first-order logic organized into twenty-nine commonsense psychology theories and sixteen background theories. This in-depth exploration of human commonsense reasoning for artificial intelligence researchers, linguists, and cognitive and social psychologists will serve as a foundation for the development of humanlike artificial intelligence.

Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Author: S. Craig Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199586073

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 832

This is the first book to overtly consider how basic evolutionary thinking is being applied to a wide range of special social, economic, and technical problems. It draws together a collection of renowned academics from a very disparate set of fields, whose common interest lies in using evolutionary thinking to inform their research.

Shaping Psychology

Shaping Psychology

Author: Tomasz Witkowski

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030500030

Category: Psychology

Page: 331

View: 675

Shaping Psychology is a unique collection of in-depth conversations with a selection of the most influential psychologists working today, conducted at the end of a decade that shook psychological science. They provide insights into the controversies at the heart of contemporary psychology, revealing a clash of visions of what psychological science is all about and what its future holds. They are candid on the crisis in psychology and explore its causes, consequences and how to overcome it. They also discuss challenges in the field, their careers, and the experiences that shaped their worldview. Those interviewed include pioneers who have shaped psychology as we know it today and who represent a wide range of specializations, from research to mental health practice, mainstream psychology to critical psychology and neuroscience to the Open Science movement. Elizabeth F. Loftus, Stanford University, USA Jerome Kagan, Harvard University, USA Michael I. Posner, University of Oregon, USA Scott O. Lilienfeld, Emory University, USA Robert J. Sternberg, Cornell University, USA Robert Plomin, King’s College London, UK Susan J. Blackmore, University of Plymouth, UK Joseph E. LeDoux, New York University, USA Noam Chomsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA Roy F. Baumeister, University of Queensland, Australia Erica Burman, University of Manchester, UK Brian A. Nosek, University of Virginia, USA Vikram H. Patel, Harvard Medical School, USA Daniel Kahneman, Princeton University, USA Carol A. Tavris, independent academic, USA,

Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to Psychology

Author: Rod Plotnik

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781285663401

Category: Psychology

Page: 752

View: 545

Featuring a look and style that's more like a magazine than a textbook, Plotnik's INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY, Tenth Edition will draw you in and show you how exciting the study of psychology can be. This modular, visual approach to the fundamentals of psychology--the pioneer of the visual or magazine style approach--makes even the toughest concepts engaging and entertaining. Each and every page is individually planned, written, and formatted to effectively incorporate the use of Visual Cues, which help you to better remember information. Extensively updated, the text also utilizes chunking, a method of breaking concepts down into small, easily digested sections that help you learn at your own pace. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Where Biology Meets Psychology

Where Biology Meets Psychology

Author: Valerie Gray Hardcastle

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262581744

Category: Psychology

Page: 408

View: 274

A great deal of interest and excitement surround the interface between the philosophy of biology and the philosophy of psychology, yet the area is neither well defined nor well represented in mainstream philosophical publications. This book is perhaps the first to open a dialogue between the two disciplines. Its aim is to broaden the traditional subject matter of the philosophy of biology while informing the philosophy of psychology of relevant biological constraints and insights.The book is organized around six themes: functions and teleology, evolutionary psychology, innateness, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and parallels between philosophy of biology and philosophy of mind. Throughout, one finds overlapping areas of study, larger philosophical implications, and even larger conceptual ties. Woven through these connections are shared concerns about the status of semantics, scientific law, evolution and adaptation, and cognition in general. Contributors André Ariew, Mark A. Bedau, David J. Buller, Paul Sheldon Davies, Stephen M. Downes, Charbel Niño El-Hani, Owen Flanagan, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Todd Grantham, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Gary Hatfield, Daniel W. McShea, Karen Neander, Shaun Nichols, Antonio Marcos Pereira, Tom Polger, Lawrence A. Shapiro, Kim Sterelny, Robert A. Wilson, William C. Wimsatt