Assessing and Treating Youth Exposed to Traumatic Stress

Assessing and Treating Youth Exposed to Traumatic Stress

Author: Victor G. Carrión, M.D.

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781615371426

Category: Medical

Page: 528

View: 632

Assessing and Treating Youth Exposed to Traumatic Stress is a cogent, caring, and comprehensive response to the reality that many children live lives of constant threat, fear, and confusion while lacking opportunities for positive social interactions, stimulation, and empowerment. Although the book is written for mental health clinicians, teachers and others who support traumatized youth will find this book an essential addition to their professional libraries. Identifying these children is the first step, and the importance of careful assessment through use of the clinical interview -- in both individual and group settings -- is emphasized. In addition, the population with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly diverse in terms of presentation and target symptoms, and the book explores differences in type, duration, and accumulation of trauma; age of insult; stress vulnerability; family history; and other individual factors. Nearly a dozen of treatment options are presented in the book, and they are distinguished by setting, such as clinic, home, or school, and modality, such as psychotherapy or pharmacology. Attention is also paid to preventive measures, most of which are school- or group-based, to increase resiliency where possible. The book addresses critically important issues in treating young people with PTSD in chapters that are articulate, accessible, and actionable: * Because PTSD rarely exists alone, suggestions on how to manage the challenging issues surrounding common comorbidities, such as mood and anxiety disorders, are examined in depth. Even when individuals do not meet the full clinical criteria for PTSD, elevated rates of mood and anxiety disorders have been identified.* A separate posttraumatic diagnosis for preschool children was introduced in DSM-5, and the book highlights the special sensitivity and careful questioning necessary to elicit detailed histories and contextualize trauma in the very young because of their limited vocabulary and concrete thinking.* Although psychosocial treatments are the first line of intervention when treating youth with PTSD symptoms, there is a role for pharmacological treatment, and a separate chapter is devoted to the use of medications. * Whenever appropriate, the chapters take a developmental approach to illustrate how treatment techniques are applied to preschoolers, school-age children, adolescents, and transitional-age youth.* In today's era of mass shootings and natural disasters, there is great need for effective interventions for large groups of young people. The chapters on school-based assessment and interventions present information on screening; disaster prevention, response, and recovery programs; and evidence-based targeted trauma intervention across developmental levels. The editor, Director of the Stanford University Early Life Stress Research Program in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, has assembled a list of contributors who are at the forefront of clinical research in this important area of focus, and Assessing and Treating Youth Exposed to Traumatic Stress reflects the authors' belief that society, as a whole, must ensure that children who face adversity have the opportunity to develop to their full potential.

Handbook of Research on Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

Handbook of Research on Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

Author: Thomas W. Farmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429841699

Category: Education

Page: 502

View: 692

The Handbook of Research on Emotional and Behavioral Disorders explores the factors necessary for successful implementation of interventions that foster productive relationships and ecologies to establish, reinforce, and sustain adaptive patterns of emotional and behavioral functioning across childhood and into adulthood. Although there has been a concerted focus on developing evidence-based programs and practices to support the needs of children and youth with emotional and behavioral disorders, there has been less emphasis on the developmental, social, and environmental factors that impact the implementation and effectiveness of these approaches. Chapters from leading experts tackle this complexity by drawing on a range of disciplines and perspectives including special education; mental health services; school, clinical, and community psychology; social work; developmental psychology and psychopathology; and prevention science. An essential resource for scholars and students interested in emotional and behavioral disorders, this volume crafts an essential framework to promote developmentally meaningful strategies for children and youth with even the most adverse experiences and intensive support needs.

Vulnerable Children in the United States, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics of North America

Vulnerable Children in the United States, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics of North America

Author: Steven Kairys

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323733533

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 687

Together with Consulting Editor Dr. Bonita Stanton, Drs. Steven Kairys and Arturo Brito have put together a comprehensive issue that addresses Vulnerable Children in the United States. Expert authors have contributed clinical review articles on the following topics: Adverse Childhood Experiences and Outcomes; Abuse and Neglect/Foster Care/Family Violence; Homelessness/Street/Children/Undocumented/Community Violence; 20 Questions (and Answers) About Media Violence and Cyberbullying; Autism as a Representative of Disability; Addiction including Tobacco and Drugs in Children; Food Insecurity and the Impact on Child Health; Guns and School Violence; The Vulnerability of Children; The Vulnerability of LGBTQ Children; Implicit Bias Impact on Children; Supporting Immigrant Children and Youth: What Pediatricians Can Do; and Human Trafficking. Readers will come away with the information they need to improve outcomes in vulnerable pediatric patients.

Identifying, Assessing, and Treating PTSD at School

Identifying, Assessing, and Treating PTSD at School

Author: Amanda B. Nickerson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387799162

Category: Psychology

Page: 166

View: 772

By age 16, significant – one might even say “alarming” – numbers of students are demonstrating signs of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Students with PTSD are more likely to develop a range of problems, from delinquent behavior to eating disorders to substance abuse to dropping out. For the school-based professional, the ability to recognize these symptoms and warning signs is essential. Emphasizing prevention as well as intervention, Identifying, Assessing, and Treating PTSD at School clearly defines PTSD, explains its adverse affects on children’s academic and social-emotional skills, and offers expert guidance on how to recognize student needs and provide appropriate services. This volume, designed as a practical, easy-to-use reference for school psychologists and other educational professionals: (1) Makes the case for why school psychologists and their colleagues need to be more prepared, willing, and able to identify and serve students with PTSD. (2) Identifies the causes, prevalence, and associated conditions of PTSD. (3) Provides a review of screening, referral, and diagnostic assessment processes. (4) Reviews appropriate treatments for students with PTSD. Today’s youth live in an increasingly uncertain world, and school psychologists, counselors, social workers, and general and special education personnel will find Identifying, Assessing, and Treating PTSD at School an invaluable resource in their practices.

Assessment of Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Fifth Edition

Assessment of Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Fifth Edition

Author: Eric A. Youngstrom

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462543649

Category: Psychology

Page: 747

View: 240

This leading course text and practitioner reference has been extensively revised with 90% new content, covering a broader range of child and adolescent problems in more concise chapters. Prominent authorities provide a comprehensive framework for evidence-based assessment. Presented are methods and tools for developing effective diagnoses and case formulations, building strong treatment plans, monitoring progress, and documenting outcomes. Chapters are packed with practical guidance, handy tables, and sample instruments. Illustrative case material is included. Prior edition title: Assessment of Childhood Disorders, Fourth Edition, edited by Eric J. Mash and Russell A. Barkley. New to This Edition *Many new authors and topics, reflecting over a decade of research and clinical advances. *Updated for DSM-5 and ICD-11. *Chapters on additional disorders: obsessive–compulsive disorder, persistent complex bereavement, and body dysmorphic disorder. *Chapters on transdiagnostic concerns: sleep problems, risky behaviors, and life stressors. *Four chapters on the "whys" and "hows" of using assessment in each phase of treatment. *Disorder-specific "starter kits"--lists of essential checklists, rating scales, interviews, and progress measures, including links to exemplary free measures online. See also the editors' Treatment of Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Fourth Edition.

Violence and Maltreatment in Intimate Relationships

Violence and Maltreatment in Intimate Relationships

Author: Cindy L. Miller-Perrin

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781544371108

Category: Education

Page: 456

View: 993

Violence and Maltreatment in Intimate Relationships describes the magnitude, risk factors, and consequences of intimate violence. The text offers a multidisciplinary focus that examines traditional areas of interpersonal violence as well as forms of intimate abuse outside the family. Addressing intimate relationship violence across the developmental lifespan, the Second Edition offers a mix of historical and contemporary perspectives, as well as personal stories and high-profile cases to provide readers with ample opportunity for application of the explanations, research, and data. The authors discuss the professional and social response to violence and maltreatment in intimate relationships (VMIR) to further the understanding of how to treat victims and how to prevent future intimate violence. FREE DIGITAL TOOLS INCLUDED WITH THIS TEXT SAGE Edge gives instructors the edge they need to succeed with an array of teaching tools in one easy-to-navigate website. Learn more: edge.sagepub.com/millerperrinvm2e

Trauma Counseling, Second Edition

Trauma Counseling, Second Edition

Author: Lisa López Levers, PhD, LPCC-S, LPC, CRC, NCC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826150851

Category: Psychology

Page: 600

View: 407

The only comprehensive text to focus on trauma, stress, crisis, and disaster counseling from a clinical practice perspective This overarching text, intended both for mental health practitioners-in-training and for practicing clinicians, focuses on the impact of stress, crisis, trauma, and disaster on diverse populations across the lifespan as well as on effective treatment strategies. The second edition is newly grounded in a "trauma scaffold," providing foundational information that therapists can build upon, step-by-step, to treat individuals affected by more complex trauma events. This resource newly addresses the mental health implications of COVID-19, which has had an enormous impact on multitudes of people since the beginning of the pandemic, its repercussions likely to continue for some time into the future. The text also is updated to provide the most recent diagnostic information regarding trauma in the DSM-5. Two new chapters address the confluence of crises related to anthropogenic climate change and the effects of mass violence. This unrivalled resource emphasizes stress management and crisis intervention skills as important building blocks for working with more complex issues of trauma and disaster. It underscores the idea that trauma must be approached from multiple perspectives and in multiple dimensions encompassing individual, community, societal, and systemic implications along with multicultural and diversity frames of reference. The text integrates the latest findings from neuropsychology and psychopharmacology with an emphasis on Polyvagal Theory. Additionally, the text highlights the importance of clinical supervision in trauma care and examines ethical dimensions and the need for self-care among trauma counselors. Purchase includes digital access for use on most mobile devices or computers. New to the Second Edition: Reconceptualizes the text with the concept of a "Trauma Scaffold" as a foundation upon which to understand and develop treatment for increasingly complex trauma events Addresses the COVID-19 pandemic and its profound effect on the mental health of vast numbers of people Includes two new chapters on the confluence of crises related to anthropogenic climate change and the effects of mass violence Includes PowerPoint slides to accompany an updated Instructor's Manual Key Features: Delivers both introductory and advanced clinical information addressing complex trauma Addresses trauma from a bioecological framework with emphasis on trauma-informed practices, multicultural pluralism, diversity, and social justice Considers neurobiological responses to trauma with new research and the contributions of Polyvagal Theory Examines individual, familial, community, society, and systemic understandings of stress, crisis, trauma, and disaster Includes a wealth of resources for further study, text boxes, and case studies to reinforce learning

Treatment of Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Fourth Edition

Treatment of Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Fourth Edition

Author: Mitchell J. Prinstein

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462539000

Category: Psychology

Page: 928

View: 191

Now completely revised (over 90% new), this definitive practitioner reference and course text comprehensively reviews evidence-based treatments for psychological disorders in children and adolescents. The significantly expanded fourth edition covers an increased number of disorders, as well as transdiagnostic issues and public health concerns. Psychosocial, pharmacological, and complementary therapies are identified and described in well-organized chapters that include rich clinical illustrations. Prominent experts address developmental considerations in treatment and offer guidance for tailoring interventions to each child and family's needs. Prior edition title: Treatment of Childhood Disorders, Third Edition, edited by Eric J. Mash and Russell A. Barkley. New to This Edition *All chapters are new, reflecting over a decade of clinical and empirical developments. *Chapters on additional clinical issues: bipolar disorder, suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury, obsessive–compulsive disorder, infant and toddler problems, posttraumatic stress disorder, coping and emotion regulation, bereavement, early-onset schizophrenia, personality disorders, childhood obesity, and sleep problems. *Chapters on case conceptualization and evidence-based therapist flexibility. *Illustrative case examples and transcripts added throughout. *Updated for DSM-5; every chapter also considers transdiagnostic and dimensional issues.

Sleep and Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Sleep and Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Author: Eric Vermetten

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493971480

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 995

There are few clinical problems in the sleep medicine field that are more challenging than the sleep difficulties experienced by individuals suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This book offers a unique, complete resource addressing all the basic concepts and clinical applications in sleep medicine in settings where combat-related PTSD is commonplace. Authored by leading international experts in the field of sleep/military medicine, Sleep and Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is organized in six sections and provides a broad perspective of the field, from the established theories to the most recent developments in research, including the latest neuroscientific perspectives surrounding sleep and PTSD. The result is a full assessment of sleep in relation to combat-related PTSD and a gold standard volume that is the first of its kind. This comprehensive title will be of great interest to a wide range of clinicians -- from academics and clinicians working within or in partnership with the military health care system to veteran hospital physicians and all health personnel who work with war veterans.

Essentials of Trauma-Informed Assessment and Intervention in School and Community Settings

Essentials of Trauma-Informed Assessment and Intervention in School and Community Settings

Author: Kirby L. Wycoff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119274612

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 586

Understanding how chronic stress affects child development with step-by-step guidelines for conducting trauma-informed assessments and interventions Children exposed to early negative and adverse experiences may not think, feel, process emotions, behave, respond to, or relate to others the same way that typically developing children do. If psychologists do not appreciate and understand the effects of trauma in the lives of children, they may be working in ways that are not efficient or effective and may actually be providing a disservice to the children and families they serve. This volume provides an overview of the deleterious effects of adverse childhood experiences (also referred to as complex trauma, toxic stress or developmental trauma) on children's functioning, adjustment, cognitive, social-emotional, behavioral, academic, and neuropsychological outcomes. Complex trauma can alter brain structure and function and throw children off a normal developmental trajectory resulting in a myriad of negative outcomes. In addition, step-by-step guidelines are provided for conducting trauma-informed assessments, treatments, and interventions. Understand how early stressors can affect influence normal development and influence child psychopathology Learn how exposure to early life adversity affects the biological stress systems which can compromise normal brain development Become familiar with the functions and neuropsychological constructs associated with brain regions affected by chronic stress. Identify risk factors that can negatively influence children’s behavioral, social, emotional, cognitive, and academic functioning Identify and use trauma-sensitive assessment instruments and protocols Gather background and family history from a trauma perspective Use evidence-based interventions to best meet each child's unique needs Essentials of Trauma-Informed Assessment and Interventions in the Schools is essential reading for school, clinical, and related psychologists and their trainers.

Assessment of Trauma in Youths

Assessment of Trauma in Youths

Author: Kathleen Nader

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134906031

Category: Psychology

Page: 332

View: 918

Assessment of Trauma in Youths: Understanding issues of age, complexity, and associated variables is a collection of articles by well-known specialists in the field of childhood trauma. The articles describe developmental issues in addition to others that are important to the assessment of trauma-exposed youth, to the ongoing refinement of trauma-related diagnoses for children, and to understanding PTSD and more complicated reactions to trauma for young people. The book explores trauma in very young to middle childhood aged children, trauma in adolescents, childhood complicated trauma, and childhood complicated grief. It considers PTSD and Reactive Attachment Disorder as well as discussing disorders that are under continued study such as Developmental Trauma Disorder, Prolonged Grief Disorder, and Traumatic Grief. In the second half of the book, chapters look at the associated features of childhood traumatic response such as genetics and personality, cortisol, poly-victimization, and guilt and shame. Variables such as cortisol reactivity and guilt/shame may influence or follow traumas in children. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma.

Mental Health and Social Problems

Mental Health and Social Problems

Author: Nina Rovinelli Heller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136892752

Category: Medical

Page: 554

View: 750

Mental Health and Social Problems is a textbook for social work students and practitioners. It explores the complicated relationship between mental conditions and societal issues as well as examining risk and protective factors for the prevalence, course, adaptation to and recovery from mental illness. The introductory chapter presents bio-psycho-social and life-modeled approaches to helping individuals and families with mental illness. The book is divided into two parts. Part I addresses specific social problems, such as poverty, oppression, racism, war, violence, and homelessness, identifying the factors which contribute to vulnerabilities and risks for the development of mental health problems, including the barriers to accessing quality services. Part II presents the most current empirical findings and practice knowledge about prevalence, diagnosis, assessment, and intervention options for a range of common mental health problems – including personality conditions, eating conditions and affective conditions. Focusing throughout upon mental health issues for children, adolescents, adults and older adults, each chapter includes case studies and web resources. This practical book is ideal for social work students who specialize in mental health.