Bioethics: The Basics

Bioethics: The Basics

Author: Alastair V. Campbell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351818155

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 848

Bioethics: The Basics is an introduction to the foundational principles, theories and issues in the study of medical and biological ethics. Readers are introduced to bioethics from the ground up before being invited to consider some of the most controversial but important questions facing us today. Topics addressed include: the range of moral theories underpinning bioethics arguments for the rights and wrongs of abortion, euthanasia and animal research health care ethics including the nature of the practitioner-patient relationship public policy ethics and the implications of global and public health ‘3 parents’, enhancement, incidental findings and nudge approaches in health care. This thoroughly revised second edition provides a concise, readable and authoritative introduction for anyone interested in the study of bioethics.

Bioethics: The Basics

Bioethics: The Basics

Author: Alastair V. Campbell

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351818162

Category: Medical

Page: 217

View: 486

Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Preface to the second edition -- Abbreviations -- 1 What is bioethics? -- Introduction -- History -- What about the law? -- Methods -- Applications -- How to use this book -- Resources and further reading -- 2 Moral theories -- Introduction -- Counting the consequences -- Doing one's duty -- Being a good person - virtue ethics -- Brotherhood and sisterhood - communitarianism -- Live free or die - libertarianism -- A balancing act - the four principles -- Resources and further reading -- Exercise -- 3 Perspectives -- Introduction -- Gendered agendas - feminist approaches -- To care or not to care? -- Culture and religion -- Conclusion -- Resources and further reading -- Exercises -- 4 Clinical ethics -- Introduction -- The clinical relationship - a conspiracy against the laity? -- Life before birth -- Transplantation and regenerative medicine -- Mental health -- The end of life -- After death -- Conclusions -- Resources and further reading -- Exercises -- 5 Research -- Introduction -- Research ethics -- Research integrity -- Research and the future -- Conclusion -- Resources and further reading -- Exercises -- 6 Justice -- Introduction -- Public health ethics -- Fair access and the paradox of health care -- Global inequity in health -- Global survival -- Resources and further reading -- Exercises -- Appendix -- Glossary -- References -- Index

The Basics of Bioethics

The Basics of Bioethics

Author: Robert M. Veatch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429017544

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

View: 868

The Basics of Bioethics, Fourth Edition offers an easy-to-follow introduction to this dynamic field, intended for healthcare professionals, teachers, students, and anyone interested in bioethics. Accessible and enjoyable for readers of all backgrounds, the book contains numerous cases—including ones that recently have dominated international headlines—to help anchor the broader discussion. The text is suitable for use in short courses in schools of medicine, nursing, and other health professions; continuing professional education; various undergraduate departments; and adult education. Chapters are organized around common moral themes in order to help readers understand the values and other connections that tie together different positions in bioethics. This fourth edition adds a new chapter on alternative frameworks in bioethics, including narrative ethics and casuistry, feminist approaches, care ethics, and virtue ethics. Due to significant advances in genetics and reproductive possibilities, this new edition devotes a full chapter to each. The combined teaching, research, and clinical experience of the two authors helps make this edition current with the evolving field of bioethics, while still embedding the major issues in a systematic framework that allows readers easily to navigate the larger field. Key Changes to the Fourth Edition: • An added chapter on new and emerging approaches in bioethics, including those based on virtue ethics, casuistry and narrative ethics, feminist ethics, and care ethics • Updates throughout the book based on developments in ethical theory and new medical research • Revisions and updates to the Learning Objectives, Key Terms, Bibliographies, and URLs • The addition of multiple recent case studies, including: Jahi McMath an undocumented patient who needs a rule bent a pediatrician who turns away unvaccinated patients a minor eligible for pediatric bariatric surgery a daughter suing a hospital for non-disclosure of her father’s Huntington’s diagnosis CRISPR-edited newborn babies

Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Bioethics, Concise Edition

Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Bioethics, Concise Edition

Author: Ronald Munson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781285499727

Category: Philosophy

Page: 544

View: 352

This concise version of INTERVENTION AND REFLECTION offers the same clear and accurate accounts of complex scientific findings with case presentations which have made Ronald Munson's INTERVENTION AND REFLECTION the best-selling textbook for this course area. Nationally acclaimed bioethicist and novelist Ronald Munson masterfully weds clear and accurate accounts of complex scientific findings with case presentations whose vivid narrative helps students connect science with the human emotion behind important and controversial biomedical decisions. These engaging cases and briefings conclude with succinct summaries of basic ethical theories and are followed by up-to-date and influential articles addressing the most pressing issues in bioethics today. You will quickly learn why INTERVENTION AND REFLECTION continues to be the most widely used bioethics textbook on the market: Students are often surprised to find that this unusual text is hard to put down. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Healthcare Ethics, Law and Professionalism

Healthcare Ethics, Law and Professionalism

Author: Voo Teck Chuan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351669504

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 310

Healthcare Ethics, Law and Professionalism: Essays on the Works of Alastair V. Campbell features 15 original essays on bioethics, and healthcare ethics specifically. The volume is in honour of Professor Alastair V. Campbell, who was the founding editor of the internationally renowned Journal of Medical Ethics, and the founding director of three internationally leading centres in bioethics, in Otago, New Zealand, Bristol, UK, and Singapore. Campbell was trained in theology and philosophy and throughout his career worked with colleagues from various disciplines, including law and various branches of healthcare. The diversity of topics and depth of contributors’ insights reflect the breadth and impact of Campbell’s philosophical work and policy contributions to healthcare ethics. Throughout his long academic career, Campbell’s emphasis on healthcare ethics being practice-oriented, yet driven by critical reflection, has shaped the field in vital ways. The chapters are authored by leading scholars in healthcare ethics and law. Directly engaging with Campbell’s work and influence, the essays discuss essential questions in healthcare ethics relating to its methodology and teaching, its intersection with law and policy, medical professionalism, religion, and its translation in different cultural settings. Chapters also grapple with specific enduring topics, such as the doctor-patient relationship, justice in health and biomedical research, and treatment of the human body and the dead.

Contemporary European Perspectives on the Ethics of End of Life Care

Contemporary European Perspectives on the Ethics of End of Life Care

Author: Nathan Emmerich

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030400330

Category: Philosophy

Page: 386

View: 687

This book examines the ethics of end of life care, focusing on the kinds of decisions that are commonly made in clinical practice. Specific attention is paid to the intensification of treatment for terminal symptoms, particularly pain relief, and the withdrawal and withholding of care, particularly life-saving or life-prolonging medical care. The book is structured into three sections. The first section contains essays examining end of life care from the perspective of moral theory and theology. The second sets out various conceptual terms and distinctions relevant to decision-making at the end of life. The third section contains chapters that focus on substantive ethical issues. This format not only provides for a comprehensive analysis of the ethical issues that arise in the context of end of life care but allows readers to effectively trace the philosophical, theological and conceptual underpinnings that inform their specific interests. This work will be of interest to scholars working in the area as well as clinicians, specialists and healthcare professionals who encounter these issues in the course of their practice.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

Author: Michel Rosenfeld

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191640179

Category: Law

Page: 1416

View: 236

The field of comparative constitutional law has grown immensely over the past couple of decades. Once a minor and obscure adjunct to the field of domestic constitutional law, comparative constitutional law has now moved front and centre. Driven by the global spread of democratic government and the expansion of international human rights law, the prominence and visibility of the field, among judges, politicians, and scholars has grown exponentially. Even in the United States, where domestic constitutional exclusivism has traditionally held a firm grip, use of comparative constitutional materials has become the subject of a lively and much publicized controversy among various justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. The trend towards harmonization and international borrowing has been controversial. Whereas it seems fair to assume that there ought to be great convergence among industrialized democracies over the uses and functions of commercial contracts, that seems far from the case in constitutional law. Can a parliamentary democracy be compared to a presidential one? A federal republic to a unitary one? Moreover, what about differences in ideology or national identity? Can constitutional rights deployed in a libertarian context be profitably compared to those at work in a social welfare context? Is it perilous to compare minority rights in a multi-ethnic state to those in its ethnically homogeneous counterparts? These controversies form the background to the field of comparative constitutional law, challenging not only legal scholars, but also those in other fields, such as philosophy and political theory. Providing the first single-volume, comprehensive reference resource, the 'Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law' will be an essential road map to the field for all those working within it, or encountering it for the first time. Leading experts in the field examine the history and methodology of the discipline, the central concepts of constitutional law, constitutional processes, and institutions - from legislative reform to judicial interpretation, rights, and emerging trends.

The New Testament and Bioethics

The New Testament and Bioethics

Author: R. Dennis Macaleer

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630871529

Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 872

Beauchamp and Childress's Principles of Biomedical Ethics is a well-accepted approach to contemporary bioethics. Those principles are based on what Beauchamp and Childress call the common morality. This book employs New Testament theological themes to enhance the meaning of those principles of bioethics. The primary New Testament text for this study is the twin commands from Jesus to love God and love one's neighbor. The three theological themes developed from this study--the image of God, the covenant, and the pursuit of healing--are deeply embedded in the New Testament and in the ministry of Jesus. Three contemporary bioethics principles are used for this dissertation, based on The Belmont Report. They are the principles of respect for persons, justice, and beneficence. In each case, the theological themes are shown to enhance the meaning of these bioethics principles. Each of the three principles, as understood through the three theological themes, is applied to a current bioethics issue to demonstrate the efficacy of this approach. The three current issues addressed are the withdrawal or withholding of life-sustaining treatment, the distribution of health care in the Untied States, and the use of palliative care.

The Basics of Bioethics

The Basics of Bioethics

Author: Robert M. Veatch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315510033

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 638

The third edition of The Basics of Bioethics continues to provide a balanced and systematic ethical framework to help students analyze a wide range of controversial topics in medicine, and consider ethical systems from various religious and secular traditions. The Basics of Bioethics covers the “Principalist” approach and identifies principles that are believed to make behavior morally right or wrong. It showcases alternative ethical approaches to health care decision making by presenting Hippocratic ethics as only one among many alternative ethical approaches to health care decision-making. The Basics of Bioethics offers case studies, diagrams, and other learning aids for an accessible presentation. Plus, it contains an all-encompassing ethics chart that shows the major questions in ethics and all of the major answers to these questions.

Basics of the U.S. Health Care System

Basics of the U.S. Health Care System

Author: Nancy J. Niles

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9781284169874

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 457

View: 146

Basics of the U.S. Health Care System, Fourth Edition provides a broad, fundamental introduction to the workings of the healthcare industry. Engaging and activities-oriented, the text offers an accessible overview of the major concepts of healthcare operations, the role of government, public and private financing, as well as ethical and legal issues. Each chapter features review exercises and internet resources that make studying this complex industry both enjoyable and stimulating. Students of various disciplines--including healthcare administration, business, nursing, public health, and others--will discover a practical guide that prepares them for professional opportunities in this rapidly growing sector.