British Aircraft Carriers 1939–45

British Aircraft Carriers 1939–45

Author: Angus Konstam

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781849080804

Category: History

Page: 48

View: 453

With war against Germany looming, Britain pushed forward its carrier program in the late 1930s. In 1938, the Royal Navy launched the HMS Ark Royal, its first-ever purpose-built aircraft carrier. This was quickly followed by others, including the highly-successful Illustrious class. Smaller and tougher than their American cousins, the British carriers were designed to fight in the tight confines of the North Sea and the Mediterranean. Over the next six years, these carriers battled the Axis powers in every theatre, attacking Italian naval bases, hunting the Bismark, and even joining the fight in the Pacific. This book tells the story of the small, but resilient, carriers and the crucial role they played in the British war effort.

Find, Fix and Strike!

Find, Fix and Strike!

Author: John Winton

Publisher: Sapere Books

ISBN: 1800555210

Category:

Page: 0

View: 743

A full examination of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm from the beginning of World War Two until final operations off Japan in August, 1945. Perfect for lovers of naval and aviation history. At the beginning of the Second World War the Royal Navy had only seven aircraft carriers and a couple of hundred obsolete aircraft. Six years later it had more than fifty aircraft carriers of various types and thousands of frontline aircraft. John Winton provides a thorough record of Fleet Air Arm's activities during the war, from the initial setbacks of the Norwegian campaign in the spring of 1940 to the long campaign against Tirpitz in 1944 and finishing with the triumphant operations of the British Pacific Fleet as part of the US 3rd Fleet off the mainland of Japan in the summer of 1945. Find, Fix and Strike! The Fleet Air Arm at War, 1939-45 charts how naval air power came to hold an increasingly important position in the Royal Navy through the course of the war. Uncovering the operations of British aircraft carriers and shore bases, catapult fighters from merchant ships, support given to the British army in North Africa, escort carrier and catapult-launched floatplane activities, as well as numerous instances of individual heroism has allowed Winton to demonstrate the true importance of Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm. 'interesting, clear and accurate account ... deserves attention by all naval history enthusiasts.' Warship International

'Total Germany'

'Total Germany'

Author: David Wragg

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 9781473844650

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 456

The author of A Century of British Naval Aviation, 1909-2009 examines the losses and successes of the Royal Navy during World War Two. On the declaration of war in 1939, the British Admiralty signaled all warships and naval bases “Total Germany, Total Germany.” It was fortunate that of Germany’s three armed services, the Kriegsmarine under Grosseradmiral Erich Raeder was the least well prepared. True, Admiral Karl Donitz’s U-Boat force was to give the Allies many anxious times, but Hitler was never comfortable or competent in his handling of naval surface forces. “Total Germany” is a concise yet comprehensive account of the Royal Navy’s part in the war at sea and the measures taken to ensure victory. The different approaches taken by the warring countries are expertly examined. The author reviews the differing strategies and tactics of the various theatres such as the Far East, Mediterranean, Atlantic and Arctic. “Not only does it cover every major event during WWII the author brings up some other less well known actions. A thoroughly enjoyable read.”—Ton Class Association

Carrier Operations in World War II

Carrier Operations in World War II

Author: J. D. Brown

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781783469307

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 130

Between 1939 and 1945 the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm grew from a small force into a powerful strategic weapon. British carrier-based aircraft fought throughout the world and David Brown here describes their activities in the Home, Mediterranean, Eastern and British Pacific Fleets, together with Forces created for specific operations, listing aircraft and units embarked during the various phases.He goes on to describe carrier operations in the Pacific between 1941 and 1945, the greatest maritime war in history. Both the United States and Imperial Japanese Navies watched the Royal Navy's early carrier operations in the European Theatre and benefited from the lessons. American aircrews and sailors learnt quickly in action until, by March 1945, the United States Fifth Fleet with its associated Marine Corps formations was probably the most efficient and effective instrument of war deployed in the pre-nuclear age.This new work contains material from two volumes, first published in 1968 and 1974, merged with notes for a third which David Brown prepared but never published before his death. They appear for the first time together, providing the most detailed single-volume account currently available of the operation of British, American and Japanese aircraft carriers in World War II.

U.S. Aircraft Carriers 1939–45

U.S. Aircraft Carriers 1939–45

Author: Ingo Bauernfeind

Publisher: Casemate

ISBN: 9781612009353

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 392

A comprehensive account of the development of American aircraft carriers up to and during World War II. This extensively illustrated volume tells the dramatic yet successful story of US aircraft carriers in World War II by class, ranging from early pre-war designs to escort carriers built from destroyer hulls, to the gigantic fleet carriers serving as the predecessors of modern-day super carriers. Besides covering the famous great carrier battles in the Pacific, this book also tells of the equally important actions of US flat tops hunting and destroying German U-boats in the Atlantic, making an enormous contribution to the elimination of the U-boat dangers and the safe arrival of transatlantic supplies, so desperately needed for the launch of D-Day. Including profiles and explanatory text boxes, the concise text gives a clear overview of each ship’s career, its fate and its significance in American naval history. Moreover, the reader learns about the technical evolution of US carriers throughout the war, and the various aircraft launched from these magnificent vessels to engage their Japanese or German foes. This volume provides an overview of preserved World War II flat tops serving as floating museums for future generations as well as a dive to the sunken USS Saratoga at Bikini Atoll.

Royal Navy Handbook 1939-1945

Royal Navy Handbook 1939-1945

Author: David Wragg

Publisher: The History Press

ISBN: 9780750954280

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 383

Overstretched from the start of the Second World War in 1939, the Royal Navy acquired First World War surplus destroyers from the United States Navy and embarked on a massive programme of construction, building and buying aircraft carriers, escort carriers and frigates and corvettes, building up a powerful submarine arm and, almost from scratch, re-creating the naval air arm taken from it in 1918. The service had to learn fast. It soon became clear that the Germans would not provide an opportunity for a major battleship to battleship fleet action along the lines of Jutland, but that submarine warfare and surface raiders were to be just as effective at undermining the British war effort. The Royal Navy was expected to be active in the North Atlantic and in British waters, and then after the Soviet Union was invaded by Germany, it had to protect the Arctic convoys. Meanwhile, it also had to keep control of the Mediterranean, alone after the fall of France, supporting ground forces in North Africa and then in Greece, send convoys to Malta and disrupt the Axis supply lines both in the Mediterranean and off the coast of Norway, and then it had to face the Japanese in the Far East. By the war's end the Royal Navy had grown from its pre-war strength of 129,000 to 863,000 men. Its fleet had also grown from 12 to 61 battleships and cruisers, seven to 59 aircraft carriers, and 100 to 846 destroyers, by 1945.

THE WAR AT SEA 1939-45

THE WAR AT SEA 1939-45

Author: Captain S. W. Roskill

Publisher: Naval & Military Press

ISBN: 147453578X

Category:

Page: 242

View: 539

A full gathering together of all 154 valuable maps and diagrams that were bound into Roskill's seminal four-volume Official History of the War at Sea 1939-45. It is an excellent Naval cartography resource covering major and minor actions on the oceans in all theatres of war, including Operation Dynamo, the British evacuations from Dunkirk, and of course the Navy's most critical struggle - the Battle of the Atlantic, defending Britain's vital North American commercial supply lines against U-boat attack - also the Mediterranean, and the freezing Northern routes to Russia, as well as the Pacific Ocean. The War at Sea, 1939-1945 volumes were originally published from 1954 to 1961 as part of the British Official History series - the History of the Second World War - all edited by J.R.M. Butler. Volume 1: The Defensive, Volume 2: The Period of Balance, Volume 3: The Offensive, Part 1, and Volume 3: The Offensive, Part 2, are all available as text volumes complete with their bound in maps, in both soft and hardbound editions directly from The Naval and Military Press. At the beginning of World War II, the Royal Navy was the strongest navy in the world, with the largest number of warships built and with naval bases across the globe. It had over 15 battleships and battlecruisers, 7 aircraft carriers, 66 cruisers, 164 destroyers and 66 submarines. It went on to fight in every theatre from the Atlantic, Mediterranean, freezing Northern routes to Russia and the Pacific Ocean. It was deployed around the world, divided into various fleets and operating from a number of regional stations, also known as commands. The most significant were the Home Fleet based at various stations in the UK, the Mediterranean Fleet based in Alexandria, Egypt, the Eastern Fleet based at both the East Indies Station and China Station, the Pacific Fleet based in Sydney, Australia, the South Atlantic and Africa Station, the America and West Indies Station, and the Western Approaches Station.

The Fleet Air Arm Handbook, 1939-1945

The Fleet Air Arm Handbook, 1939-1945

Author: David W. Wragg

Publisher: Haynes Publications

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025253217

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 414

The Fleet Air Arm Handbook 1939-45 is the most comprehensive review available of the Royal Navy's air power during the war years. Starting with a brief history, the book progresses with a full war diary of all of the major operations in a gripping narrative account. In-depth analysis reveals what it was like to work as part of the Fleet Air Arm during the war - the food, accommodation, training, activities and uniform; and gives a glimpse into the men's characters. At the outbreak of the Second World War, British naval aviation was in the midst of chaos and confusion. But as this book shows, the rapid expansion of the Fleet Air Arm was one of the major achievements of the war. The author provides a detailed look at the aircraft, squadrons, naval air stations and aircraft carriers, battleships and cruisers involved. The book ends with a review of what is available at the Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton.

British Motor Gun Boat 1939–45

British Motor Gun Boat 1939–45

Author: Angus Konstam

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781849080781

Category: History

Page: 48

View: 500

Motor Gun Boats were the "Spitfires of the Seas†? of the Royal Navy. Bristling with small-calibre guns and machine guns, they served in a variety of roles during the War. In the early war period they battled against German E-boats in the English Channel, then went on the offensive, searching the enemy shore for targets of opportunity. At other times, they ran support for Motor Torpedo Boats and were used to deliver commandos on various raids. Naval Warfare expert, Angus Konstam, tells the story of these small, but destructive boats, beginning with their design and development and carrying through to their operational use in both the European and Mediterranean theatres of World War II.

The Design and Construction of British Warships, 1939-1945: Major surface vessels

The Design and Construction of British Warships, 1939-1945: Major surface vessels

Author: David K. Brown

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015037275552

Category: Naval architecture

Page: 159

View: 858

At the end of World War II, the Director of Naval Construction set the various design teams within his department the task of recording their wartime efforts, in an attempt to benefit from the experiences of the War while memories were still fresh. Chapters were commissioned on all the types, from the largest fleet carriers to the humblest tugs and tankers. These relatively short summaries set out all the principal achievements, distilled the essential lessons of combat and pointed the way towards postwar improvements.

Carriers at War, 1939–1945

Carriers at War, 1939–1945

Author: Adrian Stewart

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 9781783469321

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 578

The author begins this fascinating book by tracing aircraft carrier development between the Wars. Eschewed by the Germans and Italians and with Britain squandering her early lead, the Americans and Japanese became front-runners.The Royal Navy learnt the hard way in the early stages of WW2 with the loss of HMS Courageous and Glorious but, following successes at Taranto and Matapan, the value of carriers was no longer in doubt. The sinking of Bismarck and the cataclysmic Pearl Harbor attack signaled the end of the Battleship era. Stung by such spectacular losses the US Navy threw its weight behind the carrier concept and the naval war in the Pacific (Guadalcanal, East Solomon Islands, Santa Cruz, Midmay and Leyte Gulf) revolved round carrier-borne aircraft.Meanwhile the carrier became pivotal in protecting vital convoys in the Atlantic, Arctic and Mediterranean. The author backs his arguments with copious examples of naval and air action.

KV-1 & 2 Heavy Tanks 1939–45

KV-1 & 2 Heavy Tanks 1939–45

Author: Steven J. Zaloga

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472803023

Category: History

Page: 48

View: 753

Named after Klimenti Voroshilov, the People's Commissar for Defence, the KVs proved a nasty surprise for German tank crews during the early days of Operation Barbarossa. Although slow, they were extremely heavily armoured. This volume examines the transition from multi-turreted tanks to heavy single-turret vehicles, consisting of the KV-1 and 2, and the increased favour given to the heavy single-turret after the Germans began to develop ammunition capable of penetrating even the thickest armour, whilst detailing the design, development and operational history of the Soviet Union's monstrous KV series of tanks.