Eating to Die

Eating to Die

Author: Lottie Perkins

Publisher: Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0979930863

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 175

View: 815

African Americans are dying younger than any other ethnic group because of unhealthy lifestyles and diet. This reality so profoundly distured Lottie Perkins that she wrote this book to try to make a difference. As a registered nurse and a certified natural wellness consultant, she has vast knowledge in the health field, and lives a holisitc life of meditation, prayer, insight, and personal experiences to help other African Americans make conscious lifestyle choices that will increase their quality of life and longevity.

Black America, Body Beautiful: How the African American Image is Changing Fashion, Fitness, and Other Industries

Black America, Body Beautiful: How the African American Image is Changing Fashion, Fitness, and Other Industries

Author: Eric J. Bailey

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780275995966

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 830

Despite all the medical and media attention focused on the rate of overweight and obesity in the African American population, African American images and body types are greatly influencing changes in the fashion, fitness, advertising, television and movie industries. This is because overweight, like beauty, can be in the eye of the beholder. Most research studies investigating attitudes about body image and body type among African Americans have shown they are more satisfied with their bodies than are their white counterparts and that there appears to be a wider range of acceptable body shapes and weights, and a more flexible standard of attractiveness, among black Americans as compared to whites. That fact is not being lost on leaders of industries that might profit from understanding this wider range of beauty, as well as playing to it. In this book, medical anthropologist Eric Bailey introduces and explains the self-acceptance and body image satisfaction of African Americans, and traces how that has spurred changes in industry. His book fills the void of scientific evidence to enhance the understanding of African Americans' perceptions related to body image and beauty—and is the first to document these issues from the perspective of an African American male. Despite all the medical and media attention focused on the rate of overweight and obesity in the African American population, African American images and body types are greatly influencing changes in the fashion, fitness, advertising, television, and movie industries. This is because overweight, like beauty, can be in the eye of the beholder. Most research studies investigating attitudes about body image and body type among African Americans have shown they are more satisfied with their bodies than are their white counterparts. Most black women, for example, are of course concerned with how they look, but do not judge themselves in terms of their weight and do not believe they are valued mostly on the basis of their bodies. Black teen girls most often say being thick and curvaceous with large hips and ample thighs is seen as the most desirable body shape. Thus, there appears to be a wider range of acceptable body shapes and weights, and a more flexible standard of attractiveness, among black Americans as compared to whites. That fact is not lost on leaders of industries that might profit from understanding this wider range of beauty, as well as playing to it. Voluptuous supermodel Tyra Banks is just one African American who's broken the mold in that industry. The effects have been seen right down to department and local clothes stores, where lines of larger and plus-size fashions are expanding, becoming more colorful and more ornate. In the fitness industry, health gurus Madonna Grimes and Billy Blanks have been revolutionizing how people get fit and how fitness needs to be redeveloped for the African American population. Advertising has taken a similar turn, not the least manifestation of which were the major campaigns Dove and Nike ran in 2005 with plus-sized actresses (who continue to appear in promotions for both companies). In movies and on television shows, the African American beautiful body image has followed suit. In this book, medical anthropologist Eric Bailey introduces and explains the self-acceptance and body image satisfaction of African Americans, and traces how that has spurred changes in industry. His book fills the void of scientific evidence to enhance the understanding of African Americans' perceptions related to body image and beauty—and is the first to document these issues from the perspective of an African American male.

Prediction and Change of Health Behavior

Prediction and Change of Health Behavior

Author: Icek Ajzen

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135593063

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 139

Prediction and Change of Health Behavior honors the work of Martin Fishbein by illustrating the breadth and depth of the reasoned action approach. Focused on attitudes and their effects on health-related behavior, the book demonstrates the profound impact of Fishbein and Ajzen’s theories of reasoned action on attitude research and on the solution of social problems. Part I is devoted to theoretical and conceptual issues aspects of the reasoned action approach. Leading figures in the field address such issues as measurement compatibility, the interaction of belief strength and outcome evaluations, the role of emotions, the prediction of classes of behavior, explicit versus implicit attitudes, and the moderating effects of perceived control on behavior. Those unfamiliar with the reasoned action approach are provided with a general introduction to the theory. Part II applies the reasoned action approach to the health domain. The chapters in this part vividly illustrate how the reasoned action approach can be applied to understanding risky sexual behavior. Dr. Fishbein reflects on contributions of his own work in the book’s final chapter. Intended for researchers, practitioners, and advanced students interested in understanding and modifying human behavior, this book is especially valuable to public health practitioners, nurses, and other health professionals, as well as to social and clinical psychologists and health communicators.

A Study of Diet-related Cancer Control Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors Among Low-income African American and Hispanic Women

A Study of Diet-related Cancer Control Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors Among Low-income African American and Hispanic Women

Author: Monica Maxine Brown

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822021454962

Category: African American women

Page: 312

View: 903

Introduction. Women in ethnic minority groups and women with low socioeconomic status have higher mortality rates from cancers than non-minority women or those from higher socioeconomic classes. Higher rates of morbidity and mortality from cancer may be attributable, in part, to lower levels of health promoting behaviors, such as having a diet low in vegetables and fruits. The purpose of this study was to compare average daily consumption of vegetables and fruits between low income African American and Hispanic women; to examine differences on diet related cancer control attitudes, beliefs and behaviors; and to examine the relationship of demographic, sociocultural and diet-related cancer control attitudes, beliefs and behaviors with the average daily consumption of vegetables and fruit among African American women. Methods. A two-stage, cluster sampling procedure was used to acquire a convenience sample of 124 African American women for this cross-sectional study. Results were then compared to results of a concurrent survey of 102 Latinas in the Por La Vida Cuidándome study. Telephone interviews were conducted to complete questionnaires which included a 24-hour diet recall from which the primary outcomes for this study were calculated. Results. There were differences in self-reported vegetable and fruit consumption between the groups. African American women consumed a mean of 3.9 (s.d. 1.23) servings per day while Latinas consumed a mean of 5.6 (s.d. 0.77) servings per day in a 24-hour period. Variety of vegetables and fruits consumed differed as well, with African Americans women averaging 3.1 and Latinas, 3.6 types of vegetables and fruits per day. Groups differed with respect to diet-related cancer attitudes, beliefs, behaviors. Multivariate modeling, using recruitment group as the unit of analysis, indicated that perceived ease of diet change, frequency of eating a healthy diet, being Latina and marital status predicted vegetable and fruit consumption, and variety of vegetable and fruit after adjusting for age and socioeconomic status. Conclusion. Interventions may be necessary to increase knowledge, improve attitudes, and change behaviors to increase vegetable and fruit consumption among low-income African American women.

Prediction and Change of Health Behavior

Prediction and Change of Health Behavior

Author: Icek Ajzen

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135593056

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 751

This book is based on a symposium held in honor of Martin Fishbein’s 70th birthday in March 2006 at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania. The book’s chapters are organized around two broad themes that reflect Marty’s major research interests: Attitudes and Behavior and Health Promotion. Marty first started to work on a theory of attitudes while pursuing his dissertation research at UCLA.

Public Health Education in the African American Community

Public Health Education in the African American Community

Author: Lena Butler-Flowers

Publisher: Dorrance Publishing

ISBN: 9781434973085

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 78

View: 879

The African American community is facing a health crisis. We are in a predicament in which excessive eating is the order of the day. This overindulgence of food has caused obesity, infant mortality, hypertension, heart failure, diabetes, kidney disease/failure, cardiovascular disease, and eventual death. The purpose of this book is to build public awareness of the health crisis facing the black community, develop a health education model suitable for use in large and small groups that would serve to improve diet and exercise in at-risk individuals and promote the establishment of Faith and Health initiates in the local church.

Blacks and AIDS

Blacks and AIDS

Author: Samuel V. Duh

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 0803943474

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 331

This is the first book to tackle the relationship of black people to AIDS. The main issue addressed is whether the disproportionately high rates of AIDS in black people has a genetic basis. The issue is discussed in terms of epidemiologic, basic science, and clinical research data in a comprehensive manner. The major topics discussed are the overall health status of black people, history and epidemiology of AIDS, transmission and pathogenesis, AIDS in Africa, genetic versus environmental basis of AIDS and control measures. The book also deals with psychosocial, socioeconomic and cultural bases of the health status of black people - relating to long-standing discrimination and prejudice. Duh's work is a concise, readable sum