Prediction and Change of Health Behavior

Prediction and Change of Health Behavior

Author: Icek Ajzen

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135593056

Category: Medical

Page: 306

View: 686

This book is based on a symposium held in honor of Martin Fishbein’s 70th birthday in March 2006 at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania. The book’s chapters are organized around two broad themes that reflect Marty’s major research interests: Attitudes and Behavior and Health Promotion. Marty first started to work on a theory of attitudes while pursuing his dissertation research at UCLA.

Black America, Body Beautiful: How the African American Image is Changing Fashion, Fitness, and Other Industries

Black America, Body Beautiful: How the African American Image is Changing Fashion, Fitness, and Other Industries

Author: Eric J. Bailey

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780275995966

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 109

Despite all the medical and media attention focused on the rate of overweight and obesity in the African American population, African American images and body types are greatly influencing changes in the fashion, fitness, advertising, television and movie industries. This is because overweight, like beauty, can be in the eye of the beholder. Most research studies investigating attitudes about body image and body type among African Americans have shown they are more satisfied with their bodies than are their white counterparts and that there appears to be a wider range of acceptable body shapes and weights, and a more flexible standard of attractiveness, among black Americans as compared to whites. That fact is not being lost on leaders of industries that might profit from understanding this wider range of beauty, as well as playing to it. In this book, medical anthropologist Eric Bailey introduces and explains the self-acceptance and body image satisfaction of African Americans, and traces how that has spurred changes in industry. His book fills the void of scientific evidence to enhance the understanding of African Americans' perceptions related to body image and beauty—and is the first to document these issues from the perspective of an African American male. Despite all the medical and media attention focused on the rate of overweight and obesity in the African American population, African American images and body types are greatly influencing changes in the fashion, fitness, advertising, television, and movie industries. This is because overweight, like beauty, can be in the eye of the beholder. Most research studies investigating attitudes about body image and body type among African Americans have shown they are more satisfied with their bodies than are their white counterparts. Most black women, for example, are of course concerned with how they look, but do not judge themselves in terms of their weight and do not believe they are valued mostly on the basis of their bodies. Black teen girls most often say being thick and curvaceous with large hips and ample thighs is seen as the most desirable body shape. Thus, there appears to be a wider range of acceptable body shapes and weights, and a more flexible standard of attractiveness, among black Americans as compared to whites. That fact is not lost on leaders of industries that might profit from understanding this wider range of beauty, as well as playing to it. Voluptuous supermodel Tyra Banks is just one African American who's broken the mold in that industry. The effects have been seen right down to department and local clothes stores, where lines of larger and plus-size fashions are expanding, becoming more colorful and more ornate. In the fitness industry, health gurus Madonna Grimes and Billy Blanks have been revolutionizing how people get fit and how fitness needs to be redeveloped for the African American population. Advertising has taken a similar turn, not the least manifestation of which were the major campaigns Dove and Nike ran in 2005 with plus-sized actresses (who continue to appear in promotions for both companies). In movies and on television shows, the African American beautiful body image has followed suit. In this book, medical anthropologist Eric Bailey introduces and explains the self-acceptance and body image satisfaction of African Americans, and traces how that has spurred changes in industry. His book fills the void of scientific evidence to enhance the understanding of African Americans' perceptions related to body image and beauty—and is the first to document these issues from the perspective of an African American male.

Public Health Education in the African American Community

Public Health Education in the African American Community

Author: Lena Butler-Flowers

Publisher: Dorrance Publishing

ISBN: 9781434973085

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 78

View: 119

The African American community is facing a health crisis. We are in a predicament in which excessive eating is the order of the day. This overindulgence of food has caused obesity, infant mortality, hypertension, heart failure, diabetes, kidney disease/failure, cardiovascular disease, and eventual death. The purpose of this book is to build public awareness of the health crisis facing the black community, develop a health education model suitable for use in large and small groups that would serve to improve diet and exercise in at-risk individuals and promote the establishment of Faith and Health initiates in the local church.

The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, 4th Edition

The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, 4th Edition

Author: Kristin A. Riekert, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826199362

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 418

Choice Outstanding Academic Title! 4 Stars - Doody's! Praise for the Third Edition: "This work will be one that students and clinicians keep on their shelves as the gold-standard reference for health behavior change. Summing up: Essential" --Choice Substantially revised to reflect current trends in the field of health behavior change, this new edition of the highly acclaimed "gold standard" text continues to provide a comprehensive overview of behavior change as it relates to public health. It has been extensively reorganized to eliminate redundancies in the earlier edition, and takes a broader, more pragmatic approach in its coverage of health behavior change. New content includes chapters on lifestyle change and prevention and chronic disease management, with an intensive focus on specific behaviors (i.e. diet and nutrition, tobacco use) and chronic illness (i.e diabetes, heart disease). A new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior Change focuses on the efficacy of interventions implemented within various systems such as schools, workplaces, and health care systems. The fourth edition also provides learning objectives and discussion questions to facilitate use by course instructors in health psychology, behavioral medicine, and public health. This multidisciplinary text has been authored and edited by highly esteemed practitioners, educators, and researchers who are experts in their specific areas of study. The majority of the text continues to be organized around the specific behaviors and chronic illnesses with the most significant public health impacts in terms of morbidity and mortality. Each chapter explains the significance of a particular problem and reviews the empirical evidence for the various intervention approaches. New to the Fourth Edition: Extensively reorganized to eliminate redundancies Updated to encompass the most current research in health behavior change Includes new chapters on Alcohol, Stress and Mood Management, Diabetes, Obesity, The Workplace, Built Environment, and Behavior Data Focuses intensively on specific behaviors and chronic illnesses that significantly affect public health Includes a new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior Change Applicable to a wide variety of courses including public health, behavior change, preventive medicine, and health psychology Authored by leading researchers, educators, and practitioners with a multidisciplinary focus Includes learning objectives and discussion questions

Blacks and AIDS

Blacks and AIDS

Author: Samuel V. Duh

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 0803943474

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 357

This is the first book to tackle the relationship of black people to AIDS. The main issue addressed is whether the disproportionately high rates of AIDS in black people has a genetic basis. The issue is discussed in terms of epidemiologic, basic science, and clinical research data in a comprehensive manner. The major topics discussed are the overall health status of black people, history and epidemiology of AIDS, transmission and pathogenesis, AIDS in Africa, genetic versus environmental basis of AIDS and control measures. The book also deals with psychosocial, socioeconomic and cultural bases of the health status of black people - relating to long-standing discrimination and prejudice. Duh's work is a concise, readable sum

Health Care in the Black Community

Health Care in the Black Community

Author: Sadye Logan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136379840

Category: Medical

Page: 302

View: 921

Empower patients with culture-specific strategies for promoting health, treating disease, and preventing violence! Current reports show that Black Americans have the highest death rate of all racial and ethnic groups. They suffer disproportionately from a number of fatal diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, and certain cancers. Moreover, violence takes far too high a toll, especially among young Black men. Clearly a different approach to health education and promotion is needed to end this tragic waste of valuable human lives. Health Care in the Black Community: Empowerment, Knowledge, Skills, and Collectivism proposes an innovative model for health professionals working in the Black community. Traditional Western medicine focuses on sickness, the isolated individual, and the material world. However, the Afrocentric values of many Black people emphasize wellness, the community, and the spiritual world. By basing health care approaches on the community's positive values of holistic healing and mutual assistance, Health Care in the Black Community suggests practical, effective strategies for promoting physical and emotional wellness. This comprehensive and informative book offers a solid intellectual framework as well as practical advice. Health Care in the Black Community: identifies deeply held African-American cultural traditions and attitudes offers specific suggestions for combining health care priorities with respect for cultural concerns shows how to gain compliance by involving patients in their own care and drawing on community strengths discusses the impact of specific problems such as low self-esteem, infertility, HIV/AIDS, and violence on Black families develops strategies for preventing family violence by helping family members define and identify emotions shares programs and ideas for enhancing the physical and mental health of elderly Black people identifies ways to overcome the drawbacks of early parenthood Health Care in the Black Community offers health care professionals-- policymakers, practitioners, researchers, and educators in the fields of social work, health care, and cultural studies--successful methods, models, and suggestions to help improve health care in Black communities.

Delivered by Midwives

Delivered by Midwives

Author: Jenny M. Luke

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781496818928

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 749

Winner of the 2019 American Association for the History of Nursing Lavinia L. Dock Award for Exemplary Historical Research and Writing in a Book “Catchin’ babies” was merely one aspect of the broad role of African American midwives in the twentieth-century South. Yet, little has been written about the type of care they provided or how midwifery and maternity care evolved under the increasing presence of local and federal health care structures. Using evidence from nursing, medical, and public health journals of the era; primary sources from state and county departments of health; and personal accounts from varied practitioners, Delivered by Midwives: African American Midwifery in the Twentieth-Century South provides a new perspective on the childbirth experience of African American women and their maternity care providers. Author Jenny M. Luke moves beyond the usual racial dichotomies to expose a more complex shift in childbirth culture, revealing the changing expectations and agency of African American women in their rejection of a two-tier maternity care system and their demands to be part of an inclusive, desegregated society. Moreover, Luke illuminates valuable aspects of a maternity care model previously discarded in the name of progress. High maternal and infant mortality rates led to the passage of the Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Protection Act in 1921. This marked the first attempt by the federal government to improve the welfare of mothers and babies. Almost a century later, concern about maternal mortality and persistent racial disparities have forced a reassessment. Elements of the long-abandoned care model are being reincorporated into modern practice, answering current health care dilemmas by heeding lessons from the past.

The Dynamics of Persuasion

The Dynamics of Persuasion

Author: Richard M. Perloff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135203931

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 436

View: 265

The Dynamics of Persuasion provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to persuasive communication and attitude change. Offering a thorough discussion of classic and contemporary theories of persuasion, this text explores the structure and functions of attitudes, consistency between attitude and behavior, and issues in attitude measurement. Examining persuasion through media, interpersonal, and psychological lenses, author Richard M. Perloff systematically investigates the impact of persuasive communication on attitudes toward a variety of topics, including health, politics, and racial prejudice. In addition to presenting persuasion theory and research, he provides numerous examples of persuasion in action, demonstrating the role of persuasion research in everyday life. Written in a highly accessible and clear style, The Dynamics of Persuasion serves to: introduce the social science perspective on persuasion enhance understanding of persuasion theories and research highlight the major issues discussed in the field of persuasion research explore the complexities and subtleties in the dynamics of everyday persuasion raise awareness about the ethics of contemporary persuasion. New to this edition are: 2008 election examples interspersed througout the text focused discussions on compliance-gaining and negative advertising examples of strong attitude, such as the pros and cons of using animals in research. Complimented by a Companion Website (www.routledge.com/textbooks/dynamicsofpersuasion4e) with resources for students and instructors, The Dynamics of Persuasion is an engaging text appropriate for advanced courses on persuasion in communication, psychology, marketing, and sociology. In its exploration of the dynamics of persuasive communication, it illuminates the powerful effects persuasion has in contemporary society and enhances understanding of this ubiquitous communicative strategy.