China in the New Millennium

China in the New Millennium

Author: James A. Dorn

Publisher: Cato Inst

ISBN: UCSD:31822026007260

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 712

China is expected to become the world's largest economy in less than two decades. Whether it does so will depend on continued growth of the non-state sector and how well China adapts to global market forces. The essays in this volume consider the state of China's economic reforms, the institutional changes necessary for China to become a global economic power, and the interplay between market reforms and social development in China.

China's High Saving Rate

China's High Saving Rate

Author: Guonan Ma

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000111263087

Category: China

Page: 29

View: 560

The saving rate of China is high from many perspectives - historical experience, international standards and the predictions of economic models. Furthermore, the average saving rate has been rising over time, with much of the increase taking place in the 2000s, so that the aggregate marginal propensity to save exceeds 50%. What really sets China apart from the rest of the world is that the rising aggregate saving has reflected high savings rates in all three sectors - corporate, household and government. Moreover, adjusting for inflation alters interpretations of the time path of the propensity to save in the three sectors. Our evidence casts doubt on the proposition that distortions and subsidies account for China's rising corporate profits and high saving rate. Instead, we argue that tough corporate restructuring (including pension and home ownership reforms), a marked Lewis-model transformation process (where the average wage exceeds the marginal product of labour in the subsistence sector) and rapid ageing process have all played more important roles. While such structural factors suggest that the Chinese saving rate will peak in the medium term, policies for job creation and a stronger social safety net would assist the transition to more balanced domestic demand.