Understanding Computers and Cognition

Understanding Computers and Cognition

Author: Terry Winograd

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0201112973

Category: Computers

Page: 226

View: 458

Understanding Computers and Cognition presents an important and controversial new approach to understanding what computers do and how their functioning is related to human language, thought, and action. While it is a book about computers, Understanding Computers and Cognition goes beyond the specific issues of what computers can or can't do. It is a broad-ranging discussion exploring the background of understanding in which the discourse about computers and technology takes place. Understanding Computers and Cognition is written for a wide audience, not just those professionals involved in computer design or artificial intelligence. It represents an important contribution to the ongoing discussion about what it means to be a machine, and what it means to be human. Book jacket.

Understanding Computers and Cognition

Understanding Computers and Cognition

Author: Terry Winograd

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 0893910503

Category: Computers

Page: 207

View: 641

This book is about the design of computer technology. It it, we look closely at computers as they exist today and we set out new directions for future development.This discourse presented here, however, is not what one would expect to find in a book of science and engineering. It moves among topics and purposes that appear to be worlds apart: it is both theoretical and practical; it is concerned with computer technology and with the nature of human existence; with the philosophy of language with office automation.

Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are not Machines

Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are not Machines

Author: J.H. Fetzer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401009737

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 247

An important collection of studies providing a fresh and original perspective on the nature of mind, including thoughtful and detailed arguments that explain why the prevailing paradigm - the computational conception of language and mentality - can no longer be sustained. An alternative approach is advanced, inspired by the work of Charles S. Peirce, according to which minds are sign-using (or `semiotic') systems, which in turn generates distinctions between different kinds of minds and overcomes problems that burden more familiar alternatives. Unlike conceptions of minds as machines, this novel approach has obvious evolutionary implications, where differences in semiotic abilities tend to distinguish the species. From this point of view, the scope and limits of computer and AI systems can be more adequately appraised and alternative accounts of consciousness and cognition can be more thoroughly criticised. Readership: Intermediate and advanced students of computer science, AI, cognitive science, and all students of the philosophy of the mind.

Design Computing and Cognition '06

Design Computing and Cognition '06

Author: Asko Riitahuhta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402051319

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 714

View: 795

This is the second volume of the new conference series Design Computing and Cognition (DCC), successor to the successful series Artificial Intelligence in Design (AID). The conference theme of design computing and cognition recognizes not only the essential relationship between human cognitive processes as models of computation but also how models of computation inspire conceptual realizations of human cognition.

Computers, Cognition, and Writing Instruction

Computers, Cognition, and Writing Instruction

Author: Marjorie Montague

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438413457

Category: Education

Page: 205

View: 962

Marjorie Montague provides both the philosophical and theoretical background for research in computer-assisted composition, as well as a comprehensive review and synthesis of the efficacy research in this area. She focuses on effective writing instruction for elementary, secondary, and special needs students, and she proposes a model in which the teacher and the computer are viewed as compatible instructional agents within a microcomputer learning environment.

Synergetic Computers and Cognition

Synergetic Computers and Cognition

Author: Hermann Haken

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662224502

Category: Computers

Page: 226

View: 458

This book presents a novel approach to neural nets and thus offers a genuine alternative to the hitherto known neuro-computers. The new edition includes a section on transformation properties of the equations of the synergetic computer and on the invariance properties of the order parameter equations. Further additions are a new section on stereopsis and recent developments in the use of pulse-coupled neural nets for pattern recognition.

Sticky Creativity

Sticky Creativity

Author: Bo Christensen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128165584

Category: Psychology

Page: 284

View: 986

Sticky Creativity: Post-It® Note Cognition, Computers, and Design presents the interesting history of sticky notes and how they have become the most commonly used design material in brainstorming, business model generation, and design thinking. The book brings together researchers from psychology, computer science and design in order to understand why and how sticky notes are used, why they work well, and whether sticky notes are replaceable or improvable by a digital counterpart. The book covers psychology, computers and design respectively. From a psychological perspective, cognitive and socio-cognitive theories are used to explain the functions sticky notes serve in idea generation and creative collaboration. Following sections present the findings from three very different computerized instantiations of sticky notes and discuss the challenges and opportunities that arise when trying to digitize sticky notes. Highlights the benefits of sticky notes in idea generation and creative collaboration Explores the use of sticky notes in a variety of creative, design professional and educational settings Includes research perspectives from cognitive psychology, computer science and design studies

Computers, Cognition, and Writing Instruction

Computers, Cognition, and Writing Instruction

Author: Marjorie Montague

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079140336X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 205

View: 453

Annotation. Presents both the philosophical and theoretical background for research in computer-assisted composition and a review and synthesis of the efficacy research in this area. The focus is on effective writing instruction for elementary, secondary, and special needs students. A paper edition is available (0336-X, $14.95). Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Cognition and Interaction: From Computers to Smart Objects and Autonomous Agents

Cognition and Interaction: From Computers to Smart Objects and Autonomous Agents

Author: Amon Rapp

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889630028

Category:

Page:

View: 625

Cognitive sciences have been involved under numerous accounts to explain how humans interact with technology, as well as to design technological instruments tailored to human needs. As technological advancements in fields like wearable and ubiquitous computing, virtual reality, robotics and artificial intelligence are presenting novel modalities for interacting with technology, there are opportunities for deepening, exploring, and even rethinking the theoretical foundations of human technology use. This volume entitled “Cognition and Interaction: From Computers to Smart Objects and Autonomous Agents” is a collection of articles on the impacts that novel 3 September Frontiers in Psychology 2019 | Cognition and Interaction interactive technologies are producing on individuals. It puts together 17 works, spanning from research on social cognition in human-robot interaction to studies on neural changes triggered by Internet use, that tackle relevant technological and theoretical issues in human-computer interaction, encouraging us to rethink how we conceptualize technology, its use and development. The volume addresses fundamental issues at different levels. The first part revolves around the biological impacts that technologies are producing on our bodies and brains. The second part focuses on the psychological level, exploring how our psychological characteristics may affect the way we use, understand and perceive technology, as well as how technology is changing our cognition. The third part addresses relevant theoretical problems, presenting reflections that aim to reframe how we conceptualize ourselves, technology and interaction itself. Finally, the last part of the volume pays attention to the factors involved in the design of technological artifacts, providing suggestions on how we can develop novel technologies closer to human needs. Overall, it appears that human-computer interaction will have to face a variety of challenges to account for the rapid changes we are witnessing in the current technology landscape.

Expertise and Technology

Expertise and Technology

Author: Jean-Michel Hoc

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134783656

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 902

Technological development has changed the nature of industrial production so that it is no longer a question of humans working with a machine, but rather that a joint human machine system is performing the task. This development, which started in the 1940s, has become even more pronounced with the proliferation of computers and the invasion of digital technology in all wakes of working life. It may appear that the importance of human work has been reduced compared to what can be achieved by intelligent software systems, but in reality, the opposite is true: the more complex a system, the more vital the human operator's task. The conditions have changed, however, whereas people used to be in control of their own tasks, today they have become supervisors of tasks which are shared between humans and machines. A considerable effort has been devoted to the domain of administrative and clerical work and has led to the establishment of an internationally based human-computer interaction (HCI) community at research and application levels. The HCI community, however, has paid more attention to static environments where the human operator is in complete control of the situation, rather than to dynamic environments where changes may occur independent of human intervention and actions. This book's basic philosophy is the conviction that human operators remain the unchallenged experts even in the worst cases where their working conditions have been impoverished by senseless automation. They maintain this advantage due to their ability to learn and build up a high level of expertise -- a foundation of operational knowledge -- during their work. This expertise must be taken into account in the development of efficient human-machine systems, in the specification of training requirements, and in the identification of needs for specific computer support to human actions. Supporting this philosophy, this volume *deals with the main features of cognition in dynamic environments, combining issues coming from empirical approaches of human cognition and cognitive simulation, *addresses the question of the development of competence and expertise, and *proposes ways to take up the main challenge in this domain -- the design of an actual cooperation between human experts and computers of the next century.