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## Conformal Field Theory with Gauge Symmetry

"Recently it was shown that modular functors can be constructed from conformal field theory, giving an interesting relationship between algebraic geometry and topological quantum field theory. This book provides a timely introduction to an intensively studied topic of conformal field theory with gauge symmetry by a leading algebraic geometer, and includes all the necessary techniques and results that are used to construct the modular functor."--BOOK JACKET.
## Conformal Field Theory with Gauge Symmetry

This book presents a systematic approach to conformal field theory with gauge symmetry from the point of view of complex algebraic geometry. After presenting the basic facts of the theory of compact Riemann surfaces and the representation theory of affine Lie algebras in Chapters 1 and 2, conformal blocks for pointed Riemann surfaces with coordinates are constructed in Chapter 3. In Chapter 4 the sheaf of conformal blocks associated to a family of pointed Riemann surfaces withcoordinates is constructed, and in Chapter 5 it is shown that this sheaf supports a projective flat connection-one of the most important facts of conformal field theory. Chapter 6 is devoted to the study of the detailed structure of the conformal field theory over $\mathbb{P}1$.Recently it was shown that modular functors can be constructed from conformal field theory, giving an interesting relationship between algebraic geometry and topological quantum field theory. This book provides a timely introduction to an intensively studied topic of conformal field theory with gauge symmetry by a leading algebraic geometer, and includes all the necessary techniques and results that are used to construct the modular functor.
## Recent Developments in Infinite-dimensional Lie Algebras and Conformal Field Theory

Because of its many applications to mathematics and mathematical physics, the representation theory of infinite-dimensional Lie and quantized enveloping algebras comprises an important area of current research. This volume includes articles from the proceedings of an international conference, ""Infinite-Dimensional Lie Theory and Conformal Field Theory"", held at the University of Virginia. Many of the contributors to the volume are prominent researchers in the field.This conference provided an opportunity for mathematicians and physicists to interact in an active research area of mutual interest. The talks focused on recent developments in the representation theory of affine, quantum affine, and extended affine Lie algebras and Lie superalgebras. They also highlighted applications to conformal field theory, integrable and disordered systems. Some of the articles are expository and accessible to a broad readership of mathematicians and physicists interested in this area; others are research articles that are appropriate for more advanced readers.
## Quantum Gravity and Cosmology Based on Conformal Field Theory

What is the world beyond the Planck scale that provides the minimum unit of the universe? The goal of quantum gravity is to reveal physical laws in such a world. There, quantum fluctuations of gravity become large, and what is called a background-free world where the concept of time and distance is lost shall be realized. The renormalizable quantum gravity introduced in this book offers a theory in which such a world is described by a certain conformal field theory and a deviation from there is handled as a perturbation. This is the state-of-the-art of modern physics that will help in understanding the history of the universe, from its birth to the present.
## A Mathematical Introduction to Conformal Field Theory

The first part of this book gives a self-contained and mathematically rigorous exposition of classical conformal symmetry in n dimensions and its quantization in two dimensions. The second part surveys some more advanced topics of conformal field theory.
## Conformal Field Theory and Solvable Lattice Models

Advanced Studies in Pure Mathematics, 16: Conformal Field Theory and Solvable Lattice Models contains nine papers based on the symposium "Conformal field theory and solvable lattice models" held at RIMS, Kyoto, May 1986. These papers cover the following active areas in mathematical physics: conformal field theory, solvable lattice models, affine and Virasoro algebra, and KP equations. The volume begins with an analysis of 1 and 2 point correlation functions of the Gibbs measure of random matrices. This is followed by separate chapters on solvable solid-on-solid (SOS) models; lectures on conformal field theory; the construction of Fermion variables for the 3D Ising Model; and vertex operator construction of null fields (singular vertex operators) based on the oscillator representation of conformal and superconformal algebras with central charge extention. Subsequent chapters deal with Hecke algebra representations of braid groups and classical Yang-Baxter equations; the relationship between the conformal field theories and the soliton equations (KdV, MKdV and Sine-Gordon, etc.) at both quantum and classical levels; and a supersymmetric extension of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy.
## Conformal Field Theory

Conformal field theory is an elegant and powerful theory in the field of high energy physics and statistics. In fact, it can be said to be one of the greatest achievements in the development of this field. Presented in two dimensions, this book is designed for students who already have a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics, field theory and general relativity. The main idea used throughout the book is that conformal symmetry causes both classical and quantum integrability. Instead of concentrating on the numerous applications of the theory, the author puts forward a discussion of the general methods of conformal field theory as a physical theory. Hence the book provides in a self-contained way the necessary knowledge and ?conformal? intuition which underline the various applications of conformal field theory. It is aimed to assist students and professionals in the study of the theory from its first principles and in applying the methods in their own research. The first of its kind, this book promises to give a detailed and comprehensive insight into the workings of conformal field theory.
## Quantum Non-linear Sigma-Models

Offers a systematic presentation of the modern quantum field theory of non-linear sigma-models. These models are very popular in theoretical high energy physics, string theory, and statistical physics. The geometric and quantum renormalization properties of the most general non-linear sigma-models are considered in detail within the framework of quantum perturbation theory. The main applications to be considered in the book can be found in string theory, conformal field theory, and general relativity.
## Higher Spin Gauge Theories

Symmetries play a fundamental role in physics. Non-Abelian gauge symmetries are the symmetries behind theories for massless spin-1 particles, while the reparametrization symmetry is behind Einstein's gravity theory for massless spin-2 particles. In supersymmetric theories these particles can be connected also to massless fermionic particles. Does Nature stop at spin-2 or can there also be massless higher spin theories. In the past strong indications have been given that such theories do not exist. However, in recent times ways to evade those constraints have been found and higher spin gauge theories have been constructed. With the advent of the AdS/CFT duality correspondence even stronger indications have been given that higher spin gauge theories play an important role in fundamental physics. All these issues were discussed at a recent international workshop in Singapore where the leading scientists in the field participated. This volume presents an up-to-date, detailed overview of the theories including its historic background, as well as the latest accomplishments in understanding the foundational properties of higher spin physics.
## Strings, Conformal Fields, and M-Theory

Building on the foundations laid in his Introduction to Superstrings and M Theory, Professor Kaku discusses such topics as the classification of conformal string theories, knot theory, the Yang-Baxter relation, quantum groups, and the insights into 11-dimensional strings recently obtained from M-theory. New chapters discuss such topics as Seiberg-Witten theory, M theory and duality, and D-branes. Throughout, the author conveys the vitality of the current research and places readers at its forefront. Several chapters reviewing the fundamentals of string theory, making the presentation of the material self-contained while keeping overlap with the earlier book to a minimum.
## Symmetries of Maldacena-Wilson Loops from Integrable String Theory

The book discusses hidden symmetries in the Anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) duality. This duality is a modern concept that asserts an exact duality between conformally invariant quantum field theories and string theories in higher dimensional Anti-de Sitter spaces, and in this way provides a completely new tool for the study of strongly coupled quantum field theories. In this setting, the book focuses on the Wilson loop, an important observable in four-dimensional maximally supersymmetric gauge theory. The dual string description using minimal surfaces enables a systematic study of the hidden symmetries of the loop. The book presents major findings, including the discovery of a master symmetry for strings in general symmetric spaces, its relation to the Yangian symmetry algebra and its action on the minimal surfaces appearing in the dual string description of the Wilson loop. Moreover, it clarifies why certain symmetries are not present on the gauge theory side for purely bosonic Wilson loops and, lastly, how the supersymmetrization of the minimal surface problem for type IIB superstrings can be undertaken. As such, it substantially increases our understanding and use of infinite dimensional symmetries occurring in the AdS/CFT correspondence.
## Strings, Conformal Fields, and Topology

Following on the foundations laid in his earlier book "Introduction to Superstrings", Professor Kaku discusses such topics as the classification of conformal string theories, the non-polynomial closed string field theory, matrix models, and topological field theory. The presentation of the material is self-contained, and several chapters review material expounded in the earlier book. This book provides students with an understanding of the main areas of current progress in string theory, placing the reader at the forefront of current research.

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