Smallholder Dairy Technology in Coastal Kenya

Smallholder Dairy Technology in Coastal Kenya

Author: Charles F. Nicholson

Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)

ISBN: 9291460672

Category: Dairying

Page: 72

View: 997

This study examined the factors influencing adoption of three related dairy technologies in coastal Kenya, and assessed the impacts of dairy adoption on household income, employment generation and nutrition status of pre-school children. The technologies studied were adoption of grade and crossbred dairy animals, planting of the fodder Napier grass and use of the infection and treatment method of immunisation against East Coast fever. A series of household surveys was conducted from mid-1997 to mid-1998. The descriptive results from surveys of 202 households in Coast Province indicate that adoption of a grade or crossbred dairy animal may result in substantial increases in household income, can generate paid (secondary) employment, and may improve the nutritional status of pre-school-age children in the Household. Econometric analyses, which controlled for numerous confounding factos, provided less consistent support for the impact of adoption on household income and paid employment. It appears that neither the adoption nor productivity of dairying are constrained by poor availability of technology options. For dairy development activities on the coast, two areas merit atention: mechanisms for easing access to grade and crossbred dairy cattle, either through credit schemes or through self-help smallholder co-operatives, and reducing the disease risks associated with grade and corssbred dairy animals.

Quality Milk Production and Processing Technology

Quality Milk Production and Processing Technology

Author: D. K. Thompkinson

Publisher: New India Publishing Agency

ISBN: 9380235895

Category: Dairy processing

Page: 306

View: 796

Dairying is an integral part of the diverse system of agriculture that prevails in India and therefore, plays a vital role in agricultural economy and food Production of the country. It provides essential food value in the form of milk and milk products to the millions of the country's inhabitants. Dairying is the major source of Income for the rural masses, as about 70% of the population comprises of small, marginal and br> Landless farmers who benefit directly from dairying activities. India has about 15% of the global cattle population, 56% of the world's buffalo population and accounts for 15-16% of the word's annual milk production. The growth in milk production is about 4%. India stands tall among the milk producing countries with an annual production of about 120 million metric tons, though the organized sector handles only about 30% of the total milk produced. The authors with their strengths of academics and research in the discipline of dairy technology have been involved in developing manpower for the dairy industry and imparting training at an Institute of National repute. This book is the result of their strong feeling of the need to compile information and integrate traditional and novel technologies that exist worldwide in the processing of liquid milk. The book has been organized in various chapters that include the history of dairy development in India, procurement and consumption pattern of milk, processing, quality assurance and packaging of fluid milk products and food safety laws. The authors hope that this work will serve the students of dairy technology in the country and also provide a ready reference to the teachers involved in shaping the human Resource needs of the Indian dairy industry.

Rural Dairy Technology

Rural Dairy Technology

Author: C. O'Connor

Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)

ISBN: 9789291460007

Category: Dairy processing

Page: 124

View: 476

Milk as a food; The composition of milk; Genetic factors; Breed and individuality of the cow; Environmental factors; Milk chemistry; Physical status of milk; pH and acidity; Milk constituents; Microbiology; Bacteria; Moulds; Yeasts; Viruses; Milk microbiology; Microbiology of butter; Clean milk production; Sources of contamination; Cooling milk; Milk reception, dairy accounting and record keeping; Reception; Dairy accounting and record keeping; Milk processing; Milk separation; Buttermaking with fresh milk or cream; Buttermaking with sour whole milk; Ghee, butter oil and dry butterfat; Cheesemaking using fresh milk; Cheesemaking with sour skim milk; Milk fermentations; Cleaning, sanitising and sterilising dairy equipment; Dairy water supplies; Chemical used for cleaning; Cleaning procedure; Sampling and analysis of milk, milk products and water; Sampling; Milk pH; Titratable acidity test; Alcohol test; Clot-on-boiling test; Fat determination; Specific gravity of milk; Total solids (TS) in milk; Formaldehyde in milk; Methylene blue reduction test; Resazurin 10-minute test; Sediment or visible dirt test; Moisture content of butter; Salt content of butter; Protein content of milk by formaldehyde titration; Estimation of hardness in water; Dairy building design and construction; Site selection; Type of building; Arrangement and installation of equipment.

Milk and Dairy Product Technology

Milk and Dairy Product Technology

Author: Edgar Spreer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351431354

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 691

View: 635

Addressing both theoretical and practical issues in dairy technology, this work offers coverage of the basic knowledge and scientific advances in the production of milk and milk-based products. It examines energy supply and electricity refrigeration, water and waste-water treatment, cleaning and disinfection, hygiene, and occupational safety in dairies.

Microbial Cultures and Enzymes in Dairy Technology

Microbial Cultures and Enzymes in Dairy Technology

Author: Öztürko?lu Budak, ?ebnem

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522553649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 413

View: 369

Microorganisms are an integral part of the fermentation process in food products and help to improve sensory and textural properties of the products. As such, it is vital to explore the current uses of microorganisms in the dairy industry. Microbial Cultures and Enzymes in Dairy Technology is a critical scholarly resource that explores multidisciplinary uses of cultures and enzymes in the production of dairy products. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics such as dairy probiotics, biopreservatives, and fermentation, this book is geared toward academicians, researchers, and professionals in the dairy industry seeking current research on the major role of microorganisms in the production of many dairy products.

Robinson: Modern Dairy Technology

Robinson: Modern Dairy Technology

Author: R. Robinson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461358531

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 485

View: 220

The dairy industry is, in many countries, a major contributor to the manufacturing capacity of the food sector, and as more components of milk are utilised in processed foods, so this importance is likely to grow. Already dairy operations range from the straightforward handling of liquid milk through to the production of highly sophisticated consumer items, and it is of note that all this activity is based on a raw material that is readily perishable at ambient temperatures. This competitive, commercial position, together with the fact that the general public has a high regard for dairy products, is an indication of the extent to which milk producers and processors have combined to ensure that retail prO(;lucts are both nutritious and hygienically acceptable. Achievement of these aims, and at reasonable cost, has depended in large measure on the advances that have been made in the handling of large volumes of milk. Thus, factories designed to handle millions of litres of milk per week are now commonplace, and it is the plant and equipment involved that provides the factual background for this two-volume book.

Robinson: Modern Dairy Technology

Robinson: Modern Dairy Technology

Author: R. Robinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461520573

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 485

View: 998

The dairy industry is, in many countries, a major contributor to the manufacturing capacity of the food sector, and as more components of milk are utilised in processed foods, so this importance is likely to grow. Already dairy operations range from the straightforward handling of liquid milk through to the production of highly sophisticated consumer items, and it is of note that all this activity is based on a raw material that is readily perishable at ambient temperatures. This competitive, commercial position, together with the fact that the general public has a high regard for dairy products, is an indication of the extent to which milk producers and processors have combined to ensure that retail prO(;lucts are both nutritious and hygienically acceptable. Achievement of these aims, and at reasonable cost, has depended in large measure on the advances that have been made in the handling of large volumes of milk. Thus, factories designed to handle millions of litres of milk per week are now commonplace, and it is the plant and equipment involved that provides the factual background for this two-volume book.

Dairy Technology

Dairy Technology

Author: P. Walstra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824746414

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 996

Describes the efficient transformation of milk into a variety of products, focusing on the changes in raw material, and intermediate and final products, as well as the interactions between products and processing equipment. The book details the procedures for ensuring processing efficiency and product quality.

Modern Dairy Technology

Modern Dairy Technology

Author: R. K. Robinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468481723

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 218

As with the products and processes described in Volume· I of this book, many of the technical changes associated with, for example, the manufacture of cheeses or fermented milks have been subtle rather than dramatic. Nonetheless, the importance for the dairy industry has often been profound. The market demand for dairy products containing 'health-promoting' cultures is a development that was barely discernible 10 years ago, and yet many manufacturers are now generating a whole range of bio-yoghurts and similar retail items. Similarly, the legislation covering food hygiene has been modified to place additional demands upon manufacturers, a move that has in turn encouraged the further development of analytical methods for quality controL These modifications to manufacturing practices are, along with many others, reflected in this second edition, and I acknowledge with gratitude the enthusiastic co-operation of all the authors associated with this project in bringing their disparate contributions up-to-date. R. K. ROBINSON v Preface to the First Edition Retail sales of most dairy products are still on the increase world-wide, and this expansion is, at least in part, a reflection of the fact that prices have tended to remain at a competitive level.