Intramolecular Dynamics

Intramolecular Dynamics

Author: Joshua Jortner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400979277

Category: Science

Page: 559

View: 846

The Fifteenth Jerusalem Symposium reflected the high standards of the former international scientific meetings, which convene once a year at the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Jerusalem to discuss a specific topic in the broad area of quantum chemistry and biochemistry. The topic at this year's Jerusalem Symposium was intramo lecular dynamics, a subject of central interest for theoreticians, che mists and biologists. During the last two decades, there has been remarkable pro gress in our understanding of time dependent phenomena. The development and application of the modern techniques of quantum mechanics and sta tistical mechanics to excited-state dynamics and to chemical and biophy sical systems constitutes a fast developing current research area. The main theme of the Symposium was built around a conceptual framework for the elucidation of photophysical and photochemical phenomena in atoms, molecules, van der Waals complexes and clusters, condensed phases, poly mers and biological supermolecules. The interdisciplinary nature of this research field was deliberated by intensive and extensive interactions between scientists from different disciplines and between theory and experiment. This volume provides a record of the invited lectures at the Symposium.

Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and Control

Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and Control

Author: Dean Karnopp

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466560864

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 326

View: 412

Anyone who has experience with a car, bicycle, motorcycle, or train knows that the dynamic behavior of different types of vehicles and even different vehicles of the same class varies significantly. For example, stability (or instability) is one of the most intriguing and mysterious aspects of vehicle dynamics. Why do some motorcycles sometimes exh

Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks Volume 2

Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks Volume 2

Author: Maksym Spiryagin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351057165

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 298

The International Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks is the leading international gathering of scientists and engineers from academia and industry in the field of ground vehicle dynamics to present and exchange their latest ideas and breakthroughs. The International Association of Vehicle System Dynamics (IAVSD) was established in Vienna in 1977 and has since held its biennial symposia throughout Europe and in the USA, Canada, Japan, South Africa and China. The IAVSD, while celebrating its first 40 years, held the 25th Symposium at Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia in August 2017. The symposium was hosted by the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University. The papers presented at the symposium are now published in these Proceedings to provide a comprehensive review of the latest innovative developments and practical applications in road and rail vehicle dynamics. The papers will contribute greatly to a better understanding of related problems and serve as a reference for researchers and engineers active in this specialised field. IAVSD2017 focused on the following topics related to road and rail vehicles and trains: dynamics and stability vibration and comfort suspension steering traction and braking active safety systems advanced driver assistance systems autonomous road and rail vehicles adhesion and friction wheel-rail contact tyre-road interaction aerodynamics and crosswind pantograph-catenary dynamics modelling and simulation driver-vehicle interaction field and laboratory testing vehicle control and mechatronics performance and optimisation instrumentation and condition monitoring environmental considerations

Complex Dynamics and Morphogenesis

Complex Dynamics and Morphogenesis

Author: Chaouqi Misbah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789402410204

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 637

This book offers an introduction to the physics of nonlinear phenomena through two complementary approaches: bifurcation theory and catastrophe theory. Readers will be gradually introduced to the language and formalisms of nonlinear sciences, which constitute the framework to describe complex systems. The difficulty with complex systems is that their evolution cannot be fully predicted because of the interdependence and interactions between their different components. Starting with simple examples and working toward an increasing level of universalization, the work explores diverse scenarios of bifurcations and elementary catastrophes which characterize the qualitative behavior of nonlinear systems. The study of temporal evolution is undertaken using the equations that characterize stationary or oscillatory solutions, while spatial analysis introduces the fascinating problem of morphogenesis. Accessible to undergraduate university students in any discipline concerned with nonlinear phenomena (physics, mathematics, chemistry, geology, economy, etc.), this work provides a wealth of information for teachers and researchers in these various fields. Chaouqi Misbah is a senior researcher at the CNRS (National Centre of Scientific Research in France). His work spans from pattern formation in nonlinear science to complex fluids and biophysics. In 2002 he received a major award from the French Academy of Science for his achievements and in 2003 Grenoble University honoured him with a gold medal. Leader of a group of around 40 scientists, he is a member of the editorial board of the French Academy of Science since 2013 and also holds numerous national and international responsibilities.

Optimization, Dynamics, and Economic Analysis

Optimization, Dynamics, and Economic Analysis

Author: Engelbert J. Dockner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642576843

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 425

View: 497

This book includes a collection of articles that present recent developments in the fields of optimization and dynamic game theory, economic dynamics, dynamic theory of the firm, and population dynamics and non standard applications of optimal control theory. The authors of the articles are well respected authorities in their fields and are known for their high quality research in the fields of optimization and economic dynamics.

Monte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics Simulations in Polymer Science

Monte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics Simulations in Polymer Science

Author: Kurt Binder

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195094381

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 602

View: 914

Talks about various computer simulation techniques used for macromolecular materials. This book describes how to use simulation to explain experimental data and gain insight into structure and dynamic properties of polymeric structures. Explanations are given on how to overcome challenges posed by large size and slow relaxation polymer coils.

Price Dynamics in Equilibrium Models

Price Dynamics in Equilibrium Models

Author: Jan Tuinstra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461516613

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 665

A long-standing unsolved problem in economic theory is how economic equilibria are attained. Price Dynamics in Equilibrium Models: The Search for Equilibrium and the Emergence of Endogenous Fluctuations considers a number of adjustment processes in different economic models and investigates their dynamical behaviour. Two important themes arising in this context are `bounded rationality' and `nonlinear dynamics'. Important sub-themes of the book are the following: how do boundedly rational agents interact with their environment and does this interaction in some sense lead to rational outcomes (which may or may not correspond to equilibria)? The second sub-theme deals with the consequences of the nonlinear dynamical nature of many adjustment processes. The results presented in this volume indicate that endogenous fluctuations are the rule rather than the exception in the search for equilibrium. The book uses the theory of nonlinear dynamics to analyze the dynamics of the different economic models. Due to the complexity of most of the models, an important role is played by computational methods. In particular, at regular instances the models are analyzed by numerical simulations and some computer-assisted proofs are provided. It also covers a wide range of dynamical models from economic theory. Most of these models merge the theory of nonlinear economic dynamics with the theory of bounded rationality. The book is written for anyone with an interest in economic theory in general and bounded rationality and endogenous fluctuations in particular. It is entirely self-contained and accessible to readers with only a limited knowledge of economic theory.

Dynamics and Control of Hybrid Mechanical Systems

Dynamics and Control of Hybrid Mechanical Systems

Author: Gennadi? Alekseevich Leonov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814282314

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 261

View: 527

The papers in this edited volume aim to provide a better understanding of the dynamics and control of a large class of hybrid dynamical systems that are described by different models in different state space domains. They not only cover important aspects and tools for hybrid systems analysis and control, but also a number of experimental realizations. Special attention is given to synchronization a universal phenomenon in nonlinear science that gained tremendous significance since its discovery by Huygens in the 17th century. Possible applications of the results introduced in the book include control of mobile robots, control of CD/DVD players, flexible manufacturing lines, and complex networks of interacting agents. The book is based on the material presented at a similarly entitled minisymposium at the 6th European Nonlinear Dynamics Conference held in St Petersburg in 2008. It is unique in that it contains results of several international and interdisciplinary collaborations in the field, and reflects state-of-the-art technological development in the area of hybrid mechanical systems at the forefront of the 21st century.

Behavioral Interactions, Markets, and Economic Dynamics

Behavioral Interactions, Markets, and Economic Dynamics

Author: Shinsuke Ikeda

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9784431555018

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 669

View: 609

This book collects important contributions in behavioral economics and related topics, mainly by Japanese researchers, to provide new perspectives for the future development of economics and behavioral economics. The volume focuses especially on economic studies that examine interactions of multiple agents and/or market phenomena by using behavioral economics models. Reflecting the diverse fields of the editors, the book captures broad influences of behavioral economics on various topics in economics. Those subjects include parental altruism, economic growth and development, the relative and permanent income hypotheses, wealth distribution, asset price bubbles, auctions, search, contracts, personnel management and market efficiency and anomalies in financial markets. The chapter authors have added newly written addenda to the original articles in which they address their own subsequent works, supplementary analyses, detailed information on the underlying data and/or recent literature surveys. This will help readers to further understand recent developments in behavioral economics and related research.

Advances in Dynamics, Instrumentation and Control

Advances in Dynamics, Instrumentation and Control

Author: Chun-Yi Su

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812560865

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 515

View: 851

This volume is a compilation of 50 articles representing the scientific and technical advances in various aspects of system dynamics, instrumentation, measurement techniques, and control. It serves as an important resource in the field. The topics include state-of-the-art contributions in the fields of dynamics and control of nonlinear, hybrid, stochastic, time-delayed and piecewise affine systems; nonlinear control theory; control of chaotic systems; adaptive, model predictive and real-time controls, with applications involving vehicular systems, fault diagnostics, and flexible and cellular manufacturing systems, vibration suppression, biomedical, mobile robots, etc.The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: ? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings? (ISTP? / ISI Proceedings)? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings)? CC Proceedings ? Engineering & Physical Sciences

International Conference on Theory and Application in Nonlinear Dynamics (ICAND 2012)

International Conference on Theory and Application in Nonlinear Dynamics (ICAND 2012)

Author: Visarath In

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319029252

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 341

View: 481

A collection of different lectures presented by experts in the field of nonlinear science provides the reader with contemporary, cutting-edge, research works that bridge the gap between theory and device realizations of nonlinear phenomena. Representative examples of topics covered include: chaos gates, social networks, communication, sensors, lasers, molecular motors, biomedical anomalies, stochastic resonance, nano-oscillators for generating microwave signals and related complex systems. A common theme among these and many other related lectures is to model, study, understand, and exploit the rich behavior exhibited by nonlinear systems to design and fabricate novel technologies with superior characteristics. Consider, for instance, the fact that a shark’s sensitivity to electric fields is 400 times more powerful than the most sophisticated electric-field sensor. In spite of significant advances in material properties, in many cases it remains a daunting task to duplicate the superior signal processing capabilities of most animals. Since nonlinear systems tend to be highly sensitive to perturbations when they occur near the onset of a bifurcation, there are also lectures on the general topic of bifurcation theory and on how to exploit such bifurcations for signal enhancements purposes. This manuscript will appeal to researchers interested in both theory and implementations of nonlinear systems.

Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks Vol 1

Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks Vol 1

Author: Maksym Spiryagin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351057240

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 690

View: 926

The International Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks is the leading international gathering of scientists and engineers from academia and industry in the field of ground vehicle dynamics to present and exchange their latest innovations and breakthroughs. Established in Vienna in 1977, the International Association of Vehicle System Dynamics (IAVSD) has since held its biennial symposia throughout Europe and in the USA, Canada, Japan, South Africa and China. The main objectives of IAVSD are to promote the development of the science of vehicle dynamics and to encourage engineering applications of this field of science, to inform scientists and engineers on the current state-of-the-art in the field of vehicle dynamics and to broaden contacts among persons and organisations of the various countries engaged in scientific research and development in the field of vehicle dynamics and related areas. IAVSD 2017, the 25th Symposium of the International Association of Vehicle System Dynamics was hosted by the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia in August 2017. The symposium focused on the following topics related to road and rail vehicles and trains: dynamics and stability; vibration and comfort; suspension; steering; traction and braking; active safety systems; advanced driver assistance systems; autonomous road and rail vehicles; adhesion and friction; wheel-rail contact; tyre-road interaction; aerodynamics and crosswind; pantograph-catenary dynamics; modelling and simulation; driver-vehicle interaction; field and laboratory testing; vehicle control and mechatronics; performance and optimization; instrumentation and condition monitoring; and environmental considerations. Providing a comprehensive review of the latest innovative developments and practical applications in road and rail vehicle dynamics, the 213 papers now published in these proceedings will contribute greatly to a better understanding of related problems and will serve as a reference for researchers and engineers active in this specialised field. Volume 1 contains 78 papers under the subject heading Road.