Functional Fitness for Older Adults

Functional Fitness for Older Adults

Author: Patricia A. Brill

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736046569

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 129

View: 724

Older adults are liable to resist exercise, yet remaining active is crucial in enabling them to retain or regain a reasonable quality of life. This text is an illustrated guide for activity professionals working with mature adults over the age of 65, especially those who have reduced quality of life.

Functional Fitness for Adults Living with Down Syndrome

Functional Fitness for Adults Living with Down Syndrome

Author: Pieter-Henk Boer

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781666754032

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 151

View: 571

The purpose of this book is to provide a specific group of adults living with intellectual disability, namely Down syndrome (DS), their own unique instrument to assess functional fitness. Previously, individuals living with DS were pooled with individuals living with ID without DS, even though the presence of DS negatively affects functional fitness test performance. The need arose since many adults living with Down syndrome have poor functional ability, live sedentary lives and are overweight or obese. Functional fitness includes parameters such as flexibility, balance, aerobic capacity, functional capacity and muscular strength and endurance. The 14 test items presented in this functional fitness test battery were carefully selected after numerous literature studies and consultations with scholars and specialists who are experienced in working with adults living with DS. Also, extensive pilot studies were conducted in order to select test items best suited to the needs of adults living with Down syndrome. The feasibility, reliability, and validity were determined specifically for adults living with DS. This scholarly book provides an economical and field-based list of test items that can be used to assess, evaluate, and monitor functional fitness. The book aims to contribute to the scientific discourse, reflecting on the functional limitations seen in adults living with DS.

Exercise Programming for Older Adults

Exercise Programming for Older Adults

Author: Janie Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135908461

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 94

View: 683

The exercise programming guidelines provided in this book focus on functional fitness training and safety and demonstrate how physical activities supervised by activities personnel can strongly benefit participants’quality of life. Exercise Programming for Older Adults guarantees that exercise programming attains a balance between the three major physical components--aerobic, strength, and flexibility training--and that each component is properly administered. The techniques and applications described are geared toward those with prevalent conditions of aging such as arthritis, osteoporosis, joint replacement, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This essential handbook arms the reader with a multidisciplinary approach to exercise management for elderly populations. The chapter authors are experts from the fields of fitness instruction, nursing, physical therapy, medicine, research, and exercise physiology. As they address the theory and practice of providing sound exercise programming, specific exercises are described and illustrated, with emphasis on functional fitness outcomes, safety precautions, fall prevention, and practical adaptations for low-fit and physically limited participants. Chapter discussions include: aerobic exercise strength training flexibility training the administration of mild posture and breathing exercises for debilitated individuals with poor prognoses positioning and transfer techniques essential for optimal activities management of neurologically impaired patients warm water exercise programs designed for persons with low tolerance of conventional training methods Exercise Programming for Older Adults serves as a vital resource for activity coordinators in long-term care settings and for group fitness instructors and personal trainers who serve older adult and frail elderly clientele. Readers will discover alternative techniques and applications for maximizing the physical and mental therapeutic benefits of exercise and developing the functional fitness of even the most physically challenged participants.

Women's Health and Fitness Guide

Women's Health and Fitness Guide

Author: Michele Kettles

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736057692

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 249

View: 188

Examining the benefits of exercise for women, from osteoporosis prevention to reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, this book reviews the physiological fitness differences between men and women. It also helps women to tailor an exercise programme to their stage in life: adolescence, pre-menopause, menopause, post-menopause and ageing.

Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging

Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging

Author: Albert W. Taylor

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9781492597261

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 658

With life expectancy increasing globally, older adults around the world want to live active lifestyles with improved health and higher quality of life. Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging, Second Edition, examines the effects of the aging process on the major physiological systems and identifies the positive impacts of physical activity and regular exercise for older adults, including delaying specific diseases and increasing quality of life. Students will be presented with foundational concepts of physiology to understand the structural and functional changes on the major physiological systems throughout the aging process. Physiological responses to acute and chronic exercise are examined, with comprehensive coverage of studies on age-related diseases and other common issues for older adults, including cardiovascular disease, cardiorespiratory fitness, type 2 diabetes, muscle metabolism and strength, osteoporosis, neurophysiology, and arthritis, plus content new to this edition that addresses mental health, pelvic floor issues and incontinence, and sexual activity. Programming recommendations in each chapter translate exercise science into practice, examining the benefits of exercise, contraindicated exercises, and other forms of physical activity beneficial to the aging population. Exercise considerations address the training needs of older adults in three unique groups: average aging adults, frail elderly with special needs, and masters athletes, with expanded content more reflective of today's active seniors. With an emphasis on screening and assessment, coupled with basic principles of exercise and training programs, students will learn to safely administer exercise programs that meet the needs of older adults—in any stage of aging and at various levels of physical activity—to contribute to increased health and quality of life for all. Chapter-opening quotes bring content to life with insights from scientists, fitness professionals, and other experts. Chapter objectives, new to this edition, help readers to understand and apply key concepts. Questions to Consider at the end of each chapter provide tools for reflection, while references direct students to additional reading and opportunities for further learning. An appendix offers easy access to assessments and forms, including a Three-Day Nutritional Assessment form and a Client Report form, preparing readers for professional use in their careers with older adult clients. Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging, Second Edition, delivers a thorough discussion of the physiological effects of aging and illustrates the power of exercise as a tool to reduce or offset the effects of aging in order to improve the quality of life enjoyed by our aging population.

Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines: Volume I – Sport Testing

Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines: Volume I – Sport Testing

Author: Edward M. Winter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134234059

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 704

Sport and exercise physiologists are called upon to carry out physiological assessments that have proven validity and reliability, both in sport-specific and health-related contexts. A wide variety of test protocols have been developed and refined. This book is a comprehensive guide to these protocols and to the key issues relating to physiological testing. Volume I covers sport-specific testing, and Volume II covers clinical and exercise specific testing. With contributions from leading specialist sport, exercise and clincial physiologists, and covering a wide range of mainstream sports, special populations, and ethical, practical and methodological issues, these volumes represent an essential resource for sport-specific and clinical exercise testing in both research and applied settings. Visit the companion website at www.routledgesport.com/bases

Locomotion and Posture in Older Adults

Locomotion and Posture in Older Adults

Author: Fabio Augusto Barbieri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319489803

Category: Medical

Page: 457

View: 521

This book is an attempt to advance the discussion and improve our understanding about the effects of aging and movement disorders on motor control during walking and postural tasks. Despite these activities are performed daily, there is a high requirement of motor and neural systems in order to perform both tasks efficiently. Both walking and posture require a complex interaction of musculoskeletal and neural systems. However, the mechanisms used to control these tasks, as well as how they are planned and coordinated, are still a question of discussion among health professionals and researchers. In addition, this discussion is more interesting when the effects of aging are included in the context of locomotion and the postural control. The number of older individuals is 841 million in 2015, which is four times higher than the 202 million that lived in 1950. Aging causes many motor, sensorial and neural deficits, which impair locomotion and postural control in the elderly. The severity of this framework is worsened when the aging goes along with a movement disorder, such as Parkinson disease, Chorea, Dystonia, Huntington disease, etc. Therefore, the aim of this book is to highlight the influence of different aspects on planning, controlling and performing locomotion and posture tasks. In attempting to improve current knowledge in this field, invited authors present and discuss how environmental, sensorial, motor, cognitive and individual aspects influence the planning and performance of locomotor and postural activities. The major thrust of the book is to address the mechanisms involved in controlling and planning motor action in neurological healthy individuals, as well as in those who suffer from movement disorders or face the effects of aging, indicating the aspects that impair locomotion and postural control. In addition, new technologies, tools and interventions designed to manage the effects of aging and movement disorders are presented in the book.

Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription

Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription

Author: Vivian H. Heyward

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9781492584445

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 560

View: 923

Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, Seventh Edition With Online Video, provides a comprehensive approach to physical fitness appraisal and exercise prescription. The text bridges the gap between research and practice and synthesizes concepts and theories from exercise physiology, kinesiology, measurement, psychology, and nutrition to provide a clearly defined approach to physical fitness testing and the design of individualized exercise programs. The accompanying online videos enhance the learning experience and teach the techniques necessary for conducting fitness testing and program design. More than 40 clips featuring common exercise assessments will help users learn essentials of fitness testing, such as calibration of blood pressure cuffs, functional movement assessment, and push-up and pull-up testing. Unlike introductory texts, which typically focus on field testing for evaluating physical fitness, this text includes both field and laboratory assessment techniques. Readers will find the latest information on maximal and submaximal graded exercise testing in healthy populations, muscular fitness testing protocols and norms for children and adults, and field tests and norms for evaluating cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, body composition, flexibility, and balance. The seventh edition of Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription reflects current guidelines and recommendations, including new physical activity recommendations from the U.S. government, American Heart Association, and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), as well as the latest ACSM guidelines for medical exam and exercise testing requirements before beginning exercise programs. Additional updates to the seventh edition include the following: • New research substantiating the link between physical activity and disease risk • Expanded information on prediabetes, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis, and overweight and obesity, including updated statistics on the global prevalence of obesity • New dietary guidelines for Americans, including information on MyPlate • Inclusion of SCORE system to estimate 10-year risk of fatal cardiac event due to atherosclerosis • Expanded information on the use of technology to monitor physical activity • Updated information on the use of exergaming and social networking to promote physical activity and exercise • Additional OMNI pictorial scales for ratings of perceived exertion during exercise • Latest ACSM FITT-VP principle for designing aerobic exercise programs • Whole-body vibration as an adjunct to resistance training and flexibility training Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, Seventh Edition, is organized around physical fitness components, providing information on assessment followed by guidelines for designing exercise programs to improve each fitness component. The text begins with an overview of physical activity, health, and chronic disease, followed by discussion of preliminary health screening and risk classification, including the principles of fitness assessment, exercise prescription, and exercise program design. The remainder of the text provides in-depth coverage of assessment and exercise prescription for each of five physical fitness components: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular fitness (strength, endurance, and power), body composition, flexibility, and balance. In each chapter, key questions help readers focus on essential information. Key points, review questions, and key terms reinforce concepts and summarize chapter content. An instructor guide, test package, chapter quizzes, and presentation package plus image bank provide tools for lecture preparation, creative content delivery, and class assessment. New to the seventh edition are online video clips for both students and instructors to further aid comprehension of the text and provide an additional tool for classroom demonstration. By integrating the latest research, recommendations, and information into guidelines for application, Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, Seventh Edition, bridges the gap between research and practice for fitness professionals. Its unique scope, depth of coverage, and clearly outlined approach make it a valuable resource for students and exercise science professionals who want to increase their knowledge, skill, and competence in assessing clients’ fitness and designing individualized exercise programs.