Medical and Veterinary Entomology

Medical and Veterinary Entomology

Author: Gary R. Mullen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919690

Category: Science

Page: 637

View: 557

Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Second Edition, has been fully updated and revised to provide the latest information on developments in entomology relating to public health and veterinary importance. Each chapter is structured with the student in mind, organized by the major headings of Taxonomy, Morphology, Life History, Behavior and Ecology, Public Health and Veterinary Importance, and Prevention and Control. This second edition includes separate chapters devoted to each of the taxonomic groups of insects and arachnids of medical or veterinary concern, including spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks. Internationally recognized editors Mullen and Durden include extensive coverage of both medical and veterinary entomological importance. This book is designed for teaching and research faculty in medical and veterinary schools that provide a course in vector borne diseases and medical entomology; parasitologists, entomologists, and government scientists responsible for oversight and monitoring of insect vector borne diseases; and medical and veterinary school libraries and libraries at institutions with strong programs in entomology. Follows in the tradition of Herm's Medical and Veterinary Entomology The latest information on developments in entomology relating to public health and veterinary importance Two separate indexes for enhanced searchability: Taxonomic and Subject New to this edition: Three new chapters Morphological Adaptations of Parasitic Arthropods Forensic Entomology Molecular Tools in Medical and Veterinary Entomology 1700 word glossary Appendix of Arthropod-Related Viruses of Medical-Veterinary Importance Numerous new full-color images, illustrations and maps throughout

Infectious Diseases: A Geographical Analysis

Infectious Diseases: A Geographical Analysis

Author: A. D. Cliff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191554056

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 915

The last four decades of human history have seen the emergence of an unprecedented number of 'new' infectious diseases: the familiar roll call includes AIDS, Ebola, H5N1 influenza, hantavirus, hepatitis E, Lassa fever, legionnaires' and Lyme diseases, Marburg fever, Rift Valley fever, SARS, and West Nile. The outbreaks range in scale from global pandemics that have brought death and misery to millions, through to self-limiting outbreaks of mainly local impact. Some outbreaks have erupted explosively but have already faded away; some grumble along or continue to devastate as now persistent features in the medical lexicon; in others, a huge potential threat hangs uncertainly and worryingly in the air. Some outbreaks are merely local, others are worldwide. This book looks at the epidemiological and geographical conditions which underpin disease emergence. What are the processes which lead to emergence? Why now in human history? Where do such diseases emerge and how do they spread or fail to spread around the globe? What is the armoury of surveillance and control measures that may curb the impact of such diseases? But, uniquely, it sets these questions on the modern period of disease emergence in an historical context. First, it uses the historical record to set recent events against a much broader temporal canvas, finding emergence to be a constant theme in disease history rather than one confined to recent decades. It concludes that it is the quantitative pace of emergence, rather than its intrinsic nature, that separates the present period from earlier centuries. Second, it looks at the spatial and ecological setting of emergence, using hundreds of specially-drawn maps to chart the source areas of new diseases and the pathways of their spread. The book is divided into three main sections: Part 1 looks at early disease emergence, Part 2 at the processes of disease emergence, and Part 3 at the future for emergent diseases.

Evidence for the Inhibition of Dengue Virus Binding in the Presence of Silver Nanoparticles

Evidence for the Inhibition of Dengue Virus Binding in the Presence of Silver Nanoparticles

Author: Air Force Air Force Institute of Technology

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1523328215

Category:

Page: 48

View: 447

Dengue is a disease caused by four closely related viruses known as dengue virus -1 through -4 (DENV1-DENV4). A fifth serotype (DENV5) was discovered from a serological sample from 2007 but is not published. Dengue fever is a disease that became prevalent in tropics during the great shipping industry expansion in the 18th and 19th centuries. The principle arthropod vectors of dengue virus, the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, determine the geographic distribution of the disease. Approximately 40% of the world's population (2.5 billion people) live in a region at risk of dengue. Dengue is typically spread throughout the tropical and subtropical latitudes, but has demonstrated the ability to spread to new areas, such as Europe, Croatia, the United States, and Portuguese islands. Based on the morbidity of dengue infection and the widespread presence of its vectors, DENV is considered the most important arbovirus (arthropod-borne virus) in the world. Vector control is the primary means of stopping an outbreak and ending the disease transmission cycle.

Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Author: Andrew David Cliff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199244737

Category: Medical

Page: 763

View: 660

This book is a world geography of emerging diseases from antiquity to the present day. The last four decades of human history have seen the emergence of an unprecedented number of 'new' infectious diseases: the familiar roll call includes AIDS, Ebola, H5N1 influenza, hantavirus, hepatitis E, Lassa fever, legionnaires' and Lyme diseases, Marburg fever, Rift Valley fever, SARS, and West Nile. The book looks at the epidemiological and geographical conditions whichunderpin disease emergence. What are the processes which lead to emergence? Why now in human history? Where do such diseases emerge and how do they spread or fail to spread around the globe? What is the armoury of surveillance and control measures that may curb the impact of such diseases? Usinghundreds of specially-drawn maps to chart the source areas of new diseases and their pathways of spread, it concludes that it is the quantitative pace of emergence, rather than its intrinsic nature, that separates the present period from earlier centuries. The book is divided into three main sections: Part 1 looks at early disease emergence, Part 2 at the processes of disease emergence, and Part 3 at the future for emergent diseases.

Mites of Australia

Mites of Australia

Author: RB Halliday

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 9780643105898

Category: Science

Page: 327

View: 965

This Checklist brings together for the first time the names of all 2620 described species of mites that are known to occur in Australia. It gives the correct nomenclature for each species, and places every species in the appropriate genus and family, using the latest available classification. The Checklist also provides a bibliography of information on biogeography, economic importance and, in the case of pests, biology and control. This work is a baseline from which more detailed and specific research projects will draw their fundamental data.

Disease Prevention Through Vector Control

Disease Prevention Through Vector Control

Author: Madeleine C. Thomson

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 085598306X

Category: Medical

Page: 132

View: 215

This work is intended to help development workers and planners to identify and assess the risks of vector-borne diseases in a camp and to plan and implement cost-effective ways of controlling them. The main vector-borne diseases are described, the importance of identifying the particular disease, and of considering methods of control is emphasized.

Encyclopedia of Arthropod-transmitted Infections of Man and Domesticated Animals

Encyclopedia of Arthropod-transmitted Infections of Man and Domesticated Animals

Author: M. W. Service

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851994734

Category: Medical

Page: 595

View: 631

This major reference contains essential information on arthropod-borne infections affecting humans and domesticated animals. It contains 150 entries, describing arboviral, viral, bacterial and rickettsial, spirochaetal, protozoal and filarial infections, and the vectors that transmit them. Within each entry, there is information on disease distribution, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, transmission cycles, vector life-cycles, and treatment and control measures. Figures, tables and photographs illustrate the text. Following each entry is a selected bibliography, to aid further reading on the topic.

Vector Control

Vector Control

Author: Jan A. Rozendaal

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241544945

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 508

The first comprehensive, illustrated guide to vector control methods suitable for use by individuals and communities. Published at a time when large-scale control programs organized by governments are declining, the manual aims to help non-professionals understand the role of vectors in specific diseases and then select and use control methods that are appropriate, effective, affordable, and safe. Hundreds of simple, inexpensive and often ingenious techniques, developed and used in a host of different settings, are presented and described in this abundantly illustrated guide. The manual is intended to assist health workers at district and community level, in aid organizations, in refugee camps, or in resource development projects who do not have direct access to experts in entomology, yet need methods for controlling the vectors of such important diseases as malaria filariasis leishmaniasis schistosomiasis dengue and trypanosomiasis. With this audience in mind, the book combines non-specialist factual information about vectors and the diseases they cause with practical advice on control measures, whether involving the use of insecticides, environmental modifications, or the construction of simple devices from local materials. Details range from a table showing where and when the different groups of biting Diptera are active to a recipe for preparing plaster to protect homes against triatomine bugs, from step-by-step instructions for the construction of cheap insect traps, to advice on how to impregnate bed nets and curtains with suitable insecticides. The book opens with a brief description of recent changes in the approach to vector control, followed by a discussion of factors that can influence the success of control measures undertaken by individuals and communities. The core of the manual consists of eight chapters focused on each of the major vectors and groups of vectors: mosquitos and other biting Diptera; tsetse flies; triatomine bugs; bedbugs, fleas, lice, ticks, and mites; cockroaches; houseflies; cyclops; and freshwater snails. Each chapter includes pertinent facts about the vector's life cycle, behavior, and favorite habitats, the diseases it causes, and their clinical features, including opportunities for prevention, treatment, and control. Against this background, methods for control are presented in great detail. Since the use of control measures is often constrained by lack of resources as well as lack of knowledge, most methods described are simple and cheap, do not require much training or supervision, and are safe for both the user and the environment. The remaining chapters offer guidance on the principles and practice of house spraying with residual insecticides, and provide instructions for the safe use of pesticides and the emergency treatment of poisoning.