How Traditions Live and Die

How Traditions Live and Die

Author: Olivier Morin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190210502

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 319

View: 922

Of all the things we do and say, most will never be repeated or reproduced. Once in a while, however, an idea or a practice generates a chain of transmission that covers more distance through space and time than any individual person ever could. What makes such transmission chains possible? For two centuries, the dominant view (from psychology to anthropology) was that humans owe their cultural prosperity to their powers of imitation. In this view, modern cultures exist because the people who carry them are gifted at remembering, storing and reproducing information. How Traditions Live and Die proposes an alternative to this standard view. What makes traditions live is not a general-purpose imitation capacity. Cultural transmission is partial, selective, often unfaithful. Some traditions live on in spite of this, because they tap into widespread and basic cognitive preferences. These attractive traditions spread, not by being better retained or more accurately transferred, but because they are transmitted over and over. This theory is used to shed light on various puzzles of cultural change (from the distribution of bird songs to the staying power of children's rhymes) and to explain the special relation that links the human species to its cultures. Morin combines recent work in cognitive anthropology with new advances in quantitative cultural history, to map and predict the diffusion of traditions. This book is both an introduction and an accessible alternative to contemporary theories of cultural evolution.

Jane Eyre in German Lands

Jane Eyre in German Lands

Author: Lynne Tatlock

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781501382369

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 606

Lynne Tatlock examines the transmission, diffusion, and literary survival of Jane Eyre in the German-speaking territories and the significance and effects thereof, 1848-1918. Engaging with scholarship on the romance novel, she presents an historical case study of the generative power and protean nature of Brontë's new romance narrative in German translation, adaptation, and imitation as it involved multiple agents, from writers and playwrights to readers, publishers, illustrators, reviewers, editors, adaptors, and translators. Jane Eyre in German Lands traces the ramifications in the paths of transfer that testify to widespread creative investment in romance as new ideas of women's freedom and equality topped the horizon and sought a home, especially in the middle classes. As Tatlock outlines, the multiple German instantiations of Brontë's novel-four translations, three abridgments, three adaptations for general readers, nine adaptations for younger readers, plays, farces, and particularly the fiction of the popular German writer E. Marlitt and its many adaptations-evince a struggle over its meaning and promise. Yet precisely this multiplicity (repetition, redundancy, and proliferation) combined with the romance narrative's intrinsic appeal in the decades between the March Revolutions and women's franchise enabled the cultural diffusion, impact, and long-term survival of Jane Eyre as German reading. Though its focus on the circulation of texts across linguistic boundaries and intertwined literary markets and reading cultures, Jane Eyre in German Lands unsettles the national paradigm of literary history and makes a case for a fuller and inclusive account of the German literary field.

The Zen of Living and Dying

The Zen of Living and Dying

Author: Philip Kapleau

Publisher: Shambhala

ISBN: UVA:X004141884

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 507

To live life fully and die serenely—surely we all share these goals, so inextricably entwined. Yet a spiritual dimension is too often lacking in the attitudes, circumstances, and rites of death in modern society. Kapleau explores the subject of death and dying on a deeply personal level, interweaving the writings of Western religions with insights from his own Zen practice, and offers practical advice for the dying and their families.

To Live and Die with Dignity

To Live and Die with Dignity

Author: Samuel L. Peluso

Publisher: Vista Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105044596562

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 276

The book takes the reader through the worlds of medical technology, life, death & the law. This is by no means another how-to-book that leaves the reader feeling empty & confused. Although the subject is demanding, the book is written in an upbeat & positive fashion. Living Wills are not about pulling the plug. They are about planning & control. They are about accepting the good which medical technology has to offer & rejecting the unwanted. Medical care & dying are eventualities which need to be discussed. Modern technology can extend life often beyond that which the patient may wish to tolerate. The first portion of the book helps the reader understand the broadening gap between medical technology & the ability to cure disease. Next, the book educates the reader about the medical & legal communities, providing definitions of certain life-sustaining treatment & legal terms. This is followed by a historic perspective of the legal principles & important cases dealing with the individual's right to choose or reject certain medical treatments. The final portion of the book focuses on certain high risk groups whose members may be more likely than others to require life-sustaining treatment.

Legal Traditions of the World

Legal Traditions of the World

Author: H. Patrick Glenn

Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105060199267

Category: Law

Page: 408

View: 863

Written in a clear and accessible style, this prize-winning work seeks to recast the discipline of comparative law and offers a major new means of conceptualizing law and legal relations across the world. Instead of a narrow focus on national legal systems, Glenn places national laws in the broader context of legal traditions. He examines seven of the world's most important and complex legal traditions in detail: chthonic (or indigenous) law; talmudic law; civil law; islamic law; common law; hindulaw; and Asian law. Each tradition is examined in terms of its institutions and substantive law, its foundational concepts and methods, its attitude towards the concept of change, and its teaching on relations with other traditions and peoples. Mutual influences throughout history are noted and,whilst the major and important differences are admitted, the various traditions are nevertheless shown to be fundamentally commensurable. Legal Traditions of the World concludes with a synthesis of the contribution of legal traditions to the understanding of tradition generally. The normativity and multiplicity of the world's legal traditions are examined, as is their ability, as complex traditions, to reconcile major differences ofopinion or belief in a peaceable manner. Complex traditions are ultimately shown to represent multivalent forms of logic and can thus be regarded as the best means of facilitating sustainable human diversity in an increasingly interdependent world.

Handing on the Faith

Handing on the Faith

Author: Robert P. Imbelli

Publisher: Herder & Herder

ISBN: IND:30000109963391

Category: Religion

Page: 250

View: 601

Volume 1: THE CHURCH IN THE 21st CENTURY SERIESA new venture of Herder & Herder in cooperation with 'The Church in the 21st Century Center'at Boston College (www.bc.edu/church21/).

Bioethics Beyond the Headlines

Bioethics Beyond the Headlines

Author: Albert R. Jonsen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114516540

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

View: 337

Bioethics asks fundamental questions. 'Who lives? Who dies? Who decides?' These questions are relevant to us all. Too often, the general public's sole encounter with these weighty questions is through sound bites fed to us by the media-where complex, difficult matters are typically presented in superficial and inaccurate terms. Here, renowned bioethicist Albert R. Jonsen equips readers with the tools and background to navigate the fascinating and complex landscape of bioethics. Bioethics Beyond the Headlines is a primer. You will not find convoluted philosophical arguments in this volume. Rather, you will find an engaging sampling of the key questions in bioethics, including euthanasia, assisted reproduction, cloning and stem cells, neuroscience, access to healthcare, and even research on animals and questions of environmental ethics-areas typically overlooked in general introductions to bioethics. But a 'primer' is not merely a first book-it should also 'prime' the interest of the reader, to prepare the mind for a more expansive venture into these issues. Bioethics Beyond the Headlines intends to do just that.