Imposing Sanctions on Violent Non-State Actors to Restore International Peace and Security

Imposing Sanctions on Violent Non-State Actors to Restore International Peace and Security

Author: Christopher Huber

Publisher: Springer VS

ISBN: 3658377437

Category: Political Science

Page: 179

View: 571

In the last decades, violent non-state actors (VNSAs) such as rebel and terrorist organizations have proved their capacity to break international law. The international community, particularly the United Nations (UN), has reacted to this development by redirecting its conflict resolution efforts to these non-state entities. This has turned targeted sanctions into one of the most vital and indispensable foreign policy tools available to the UN Security Council in combating terrorism and contributing to the peaceful resolution of (intra-state) conflicts. Despite the UN Security Council’s growing tendency to sanction VNSAs, there has been little research analyzing the effects of UN targeted sanctions on these non-government actors. This book seeks to fill this gap and shifts the focus on non-state actors by ascertaining the general mechanisms through and conditions under which UN targeted sanctions imposed on VNSAs tend to be effective. The tripartite empirical analysis combining quantitative and qualitative research methods demonstrates that the state-centric understanding of how sanctions work is not simply applicable to the effective sanctioning of violent non-state actors such as rebel and terrorist movements.

Imposing Sanctions on Violent Non-State Actors to Restore International Peace and Security

Imposing Sanctions on Violent Non-State Actors to Restore International Peace and Security

Author: Christopher Huber

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783658377441

Category: Political Science

Page: 175

View: 300

In the last decades, violent non-state actors (VNSAs) such as rebel and terrorist organizations have proved their capacity to break international law. The international community, particularly the United Nations (UN), has reacted to this development by redirecting its conflict resolution efforts to these non-state entities. This has turned targeted sanctions into one of the most vital and indispensable foreign policy tools available to the UN Security Council in combating terrorism and contributing to the peaceful resolution of (intra-state) conflicts. Despite the UN Security Council’s growing tendency to sanction VNSAs, there has been little research analyzing the effects of UN targeted sanctions on these non-government actors. This book seeks to fill this gap and shifts the focus on non-state actors by ascertaining the general mechanisms through and conditions under which UN targeted sanctions imposed on VNSAs tend to be effective. The tripartite empirical analysis combining quantitative and qualitative research methods demonstrates that the state-centric understanding of how sanctions work is not simply applicable to the effective sanctioning of violent non-state actors such as rebel and terrorist movements.

Unilateral Sanctions in International Law

Unilateral Sanctions in International Law

Author: Surya P Subedi QC

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509948390

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 563

This is the first book that explores whether there are any rules in international law applicable to unilateral sanctions and if so, what they are. The book examines both the lawfulness of unilateral sanctions and the limitations within which they should operate. In doing so, it includes an analysis of State practice, the provisions of various international legal instruments dealing with such sanctions and their impact on other areas of international law such as freedom of navigation, aviation and transit, and the principles of international trade, investment, regional economic integration, and the protection of human rights and the environment. This study finds that unilateral sanctions by a state or a group of states against another state as opposed to 'smart' or targeted sanctions of limited scope would be unlawful, unless they meet the procedural and substantive requirements stipulated in international law. Importantly, the book identifies and consolidates these requirements scattered in different areas of international law, including the additional rules of customary international law that have emerged out of the recent practice of States and that increase the limitations on the use of unilateral sanctions.

The SAGE Handbook of Human Rights

The SAGE Handbook of Human Rights

Author: Anja Mihr

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473907195

Category: Political Science

Page: 1136

View: 843

The SAGE Handbook of Human Rights will comprise a two volume set consisting of more than 50 original chapters that clarify and analyze human rights issues of both contemporary and future importance. The Handbook will take an inter-disciplinary approach, combining work in such traditional fields as law, political science and philosophy with such non-traditional subjects as climate change, demography, economics, geography, urban studies, mass communication, and business and marketing. In addition, one of the aspects of mainstreaming is the manner in which human rights has come to play a prominent role in popular culture, and there will be a section on human rights in art, film, music and literature. Not only will the Handbook provide a state of the art analysis of the discipline that addresses the history and development of human rights standards and its movements, mechanisms and institutions, but it will seek to go beyond this and produce a book that will help lead to prospective thinking.

The Ecology of War and Peace

The Ecology of War and Peace

Author: Eliana Cusato

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108943697

Category: Law

Page:

View: 151

The connection between ecology and conflict has been the object of extensive study by political scientists and economists. From the contribution of natural resource 'scarcity' to violent unrest and armed conflict; to resource 'abundance' as an incentive for initiating and prolonging armed struggles; to dysfunctional resource management and environmental degradation as obstacles to peacebuilding, this literature has exerted a huge influence upon academic discussions and policy developments. While international law is often invoked as the solution to the socio-environmental challenges faced by conflict-affected countries, its relationship with the ecology of war and peace remains undertheorised. Drawing upon environmental justice perspectives and other theoretical traditions, the book unpacks and problematizes some of the assumptions that underlie the legal field. Through an analysis of the practice of international courts, the UN Security Council, and Truth Commissions, it shows how international law silences and even normalizes forms of structural and slow environmental violence.

An Outline of International Law

An Outline of International Law

Author: Dominique De Stoop

Publisher: Australian Self Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781925908213

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 618

View: 868

Written by Dr. Dominique De Stoop, former Senior Assistant Secretary of the International and General Legal Branch of the Australian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. An Outline of International Law offers a clear, comprehensive explanation of the multifaceted realm of international law. Dr. De Stoop provides background information on the sources of international laws, their scope, and their effectiveness. Each chapter covers a specific area of law, including the following: - Treaty negotiations - State sovereignty - Human rights and refugee rights - Criminal offences and terrorism -The law of the sea and international shipping law -Environmental law and conservation -International and domestic armed conflicts -Disarmament and arms control -Economic and trade law A valuable resource for law students, civil servants and members of intergovernmental organizations, An Outline of International Law is your inclusive guide to the international agreements, customary international laws and judicial decisions governing the global community.

The Juridification of Individual Sanctions and the Politics of EU Law

The Juridification of Individual Sanctions and the Politics of EU Law

Author: Eva Nanopoulos

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509909810

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 412

In the early 1990s the then European Community imposed for the first time a set of economic restrictions against a specific entity: the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola. Since then, the individualisation of sanctions has become entrenched, these so-called 'smart' sanctions have proliferated, their targets and scope of application have significantly expanded, and they operate in an increasingly juridified environment. This book aims to shed light on the constitutive dynamics and causes of these developments, with a focus on the juridification of individual sanctions at the European level. To this end it first revisits the phenomenon of individualisation – moving beyond the conventional narrative that individual sanctions emerged because of humanitarian and effectiveness concerns – and situates the 'smarting' of sanctions within the context of broader structural transformations characterised by the consolidation of the global neoliberal order. Second, the book explores why the role of law has been so pronounced in the European context by unearthing the connections between EU law and capitalist order building.

Peace Operations and Organized Crime

Peace Operations and Organized Crime

Author: James Cockayne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136643125

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 187

Peace operations are increasingly on the front line in the international community’s fight against organized crime; this book explores how, in some cases, peace operations and organized crime are clear enemies, while in others, they may become tacit allies. The threat posed by organized crime to international and human security has become a matter of considerable strategic concern for national and international decision-makers, so it is somewhat surprising how little thought has been devoted to addressing the complex relationship between organized crime and peace operations. This volume addresses this gap, questioning the emerging orthodoxy that portrays organized crime as an external threat to the liberal peace championed by western and allied states and delivered through peace operations. Based upon a series of case studies it concludes that organized crime is both a potential enemy and a potential ally of peace operations, and it argues for the need to distinguish between strategies to contain organized crime and strategies to transform the political economies in which it flourishes. The editors argue for the development of intelligent, transnational, and transitional law enforcement that can make the most of organized crime as a potential ally for transforming political economies, while at the same time containing the threat it presents as an enemy to building effective and responsible states. The book will be of great interest to students of peacebuilding, peace and conflict studies, organised crime, Security Studies and IR in general.

United Nations Juridical Yearbook 2013

United Nations Juridical Yearbook 2013

Author: United Nations Office of Legal Affairs

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9789213617144

Category: Political Science

Page: 524

View: 353

The Yearbook contains documentary materials of a legal character concerning the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations (IGOs). The present volume covers activities in 2013 and contains: legislative texts and treaties, or provisions thereof, concerning the legal status of the UN and related IGOs; a general overview of the legal activities of the UN and related IGOs; selected treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the organizations concerned; selected decisions of administrative tribunals of the UN and related IGOs; selected legal opinions of the UN and related IGOs; a list of judgments, advisory opinions and selected decisions rendered by international tribunals; selected decisions of national tribunals relating to the work of the UN and related IGOs.