Inductive Dependency Parsing

Inductive Dependency Parsing

Author: Joakim Nivre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9048172187

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 989

This book describes the framework of inductive dependency parsing, a methodology for robust and efficient syntactic analysis of unrestricted natural language text. Coverage includes a theoretical analysis of central models and algorithms, and an empirical evaluation of memory-based dependency parsing using data from Swedish and English. A one-stop reference to dependency-based parsing of natural language, it will interest researchers and system developers in language technology, and is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses.

Inductive Dependency Parsing

Inductive Dependency Parsing

Author: Joakim Nivre

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402048890

Category: Computers

Page: 212

View: 692

This book describes the framework of inductive dependency parsing, a methodology for robust and efficient syntactic analysis of unrestricted natural language text. Coverage includes a theoretical analysis of central models and algorithms, and an empirical evaluation of memory-based dependency parsing using data from Swedish and English. A one-stop reference to dependency-based parsing of natural language, it will interest researchers and system developers in language technology, and is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses.

Inductive Dependency Parsing

Inductive Dependency Parsing

Author: Joakim Nivre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1402048882

Category: Computers

Page: 212

View: 206

This book describes the framework of inductive dependency parsing, a methodology for robust and efficient syntactic analysis of unrestricted natural language text. Coverage includes a theoretical analysis of central models and algorithms, and an empirical evaluation of memory-based dependency parsing using data from Swedish and English. A one-stop reference to dependency-based parsing of natural language, it will interest researchers and system developers in language technology, and is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses.

Dependency Parsing

Dependency Parsing

Author: Sandra Kubler

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031021312

Category: Computers

Page: 115

View: 294

Dependency-based methods for syntactic parsing have become increasingly popular in natural language processing in recent years. This book gives a thorough introduction to the methods that are most widely used today. After an introduction to dependency grammar and dependency parsing, followed by a formal characterization of the dependency parsing problem, the book surveys the three major classes of parsing models that are in current use: transition-based, graph-based, and grammar-based models. It continues with a chapter on evaluation and one on the comparison of different methods, and it closes with a few words on current trends and future prospects of dependency parsing. The book presupposes a knowledge of basic concepts in linguistics and computer science, as well as some knowledge of parsing methods for constituency-based representations. Table of Contents: Introduction / Dependency Parsing / Transition-Based Parsing / Graph-Based Parsing / Grammar-Based Parsing / Evaluation / Comparison / Final Thoughts

Semantics in Adaptive and Personalised Systems

Semantics in Adaptive and Personalised Systems

Author: Pasquale Lops

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030056186

Category: Computers

Page: 186

View: 742

This monograph gives a complete overview of the techniques and the methods for semantics-aware content representation and shows how to apply such techniques in various use cases, such as recommender systems, user profiling and social media analysis. Throughout the book, the authors provide an extensive analysis of the techniques currently proposed in the literature and cover all the available tools and libraries to implement and exploit such methodologies in real-world scenarios. The book first introduces the problem of information overload and the reasons why content-based information needs to be taken into account. Next, the basics of Natural Language Processing are provided, by describing operations such as tokenization, stopword removal, lemmatization, stemming, part-of-speech tagging, along with the main problems and issues. Finally, the book describes the different approaches for semantics-aware content representation: such approaches are split into ‘exogenous’ and ‘endogenous’ ones, depending on whether external knowledge sources as DBpedia or geometrical models and distributional semantics are used, respectively. To conclude, several successful use cases and an extensive list of available tools and resources to implement the approaches are shown. Semantics in Adaptive and Personalised Systems definitely fills the gap between the extensive literature on content-based recommender systems, natural language processing, and the different types of semantics-aware representations.

Trends in Parsing Technology

Trends in Parsing Technology

Author: Harry Bunt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048193524

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 298

View: 949

Computer parsing technology, which breaks down complex linguistic structures into their constituent parts, is a key research area in the automatic processing of human language. This volume is a collection of contributions from leading researchers in the field of natural language processing technology, each of whom detail their recent work which includes new techniques as well as results. The book presents an overview of the state of the art in current research into parsing technologies, focusing on three important themes: dependency parsing, domain adaptation, and deep parsing. The technology, which has a variety of practical uses, is especially concerned with the methods, tools and software that can be used to parse automatically. Applications include extracting information from free text or speech, question answering, speech recognition and comprehension, recommender systems, machine translation, and automatic summarization. New developments in the area of parsing technology are thus widely applicable, and researchers and professionals from a number of fields will find the material here required reading. As well as the other four volumes on parsing technology in this series this book has a breadth of coverage that makes it suitable both as an overview of the field for graduate students, and as a reference for established researchers in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, computer science, language engineering, information science, and cognitive science. It will also be of interest to designers, developers, and advanced users of natural language processing systems, including applications such as spoken dialogue, text mining, multimodal human-computer interaction, and semantic web technology.

Security and Intelligent Information Systems

Security and Intelligent Information Systems

Author: Pascal Bouvry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642252600

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 357

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the 2nd Luxembourg-Polish Symposium on Security and Trust and the 19th International Conference Intelligent Information Systems, held as International Joint Confererence on Security and Intelligent Information Systems, SIIS 2011, in Warsaw, Poland, in June 2011. The 29 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 initial submissions during two rounds of selection and improvement. The papers are organized in the following three thematic tracks: security and trust, data mining and machine learning, and natural language processing.

Advances in Natural Language Processing

Advances in Natural Language Processing

Author: Bengt Nordstrom

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540852865

Category: Computers

Page: 522

View: 680

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Natural Language Processing, GoTAL 2008, Gothenburg, Sweden, August 2008. The 44 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 107 submissions. The papers address all current issues in computational linguistics and monolingual and multilingual intelligent language processing - theory, methods and applications.

Turkish Natural Language Processing

Turkish Natural Language Processing

Author: Kemal Oflazer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319901657

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 355

View: 146

This book brings together work on Turkish natural language and speech processing over the last 25 years, covering numerous fundamental tasks ranging from morphological processing and language modeling, to full-fledged deep parsing and machine translation, as well as computational resources developed along the way to enable most of this work. Owing to its complex morphology and free constituent order, Turkish has proved to be a fascinating language for natural language and speech processing research and applications. After an overview of the aspects of Turkish that make it challenging for natural language and speech processing tasks, this book discusses in detail the main tasks and applications of Turkish natural language and speech processing. A compendium of the work on Turkish natural language and speech processing, it is a valuable reference for new researchers considering computational work on Turkish, as well as a one-stop resource for commercial and research institutions planning to develop applications for Turkish. It also serves as a blueprint for similar work on other Turkic languages such as Azeri, Turkmen and Uzbek.

Dependency Linguistics

Dependency Linguistics

Author: Kim Gerdes

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270160

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 355

View: 279

This volume offers the reader a unique possibility to obtain a concise introduction to dependency linguistics and to learn about the current state of the art in the field. It unites the revised and extended versions of the linguistically-oriented papers to the First International Conference on Dependency Linguistics held in Barcelona. The contributions range from the discussion of definitional challenges of dependency at different levels of the linguistic model, its role beyond the classical grammatical description, and its annotation in dependency treebanks to concrete analyses of various cross-linguistic phenomena of syntax in its interplay with phonetics, morphology, and semantics, including phenomena for which classical simple phrase-structure based models have proven to be unsatisfactory. The volume will be thus of interest to both experts and newcomers to the field of dependency linguistics and its computational applications.

Dependency Structures and Lexicalized Grammars

Dependency Structures and Lexicalized Grammars

Author: Marco Kuhlmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642145681

Category: Computers

Page: 137

View: 189

Since 2002, FoLLI has awarded an annual prize for outstanding dissertations in the fields of Logic, Language and Information. This book is based on the PhD thesis of Marco Kuhlmann, joint winner of the E.W. Beth dissertation award in 2008. Kuhlmann’s thesis lays new theoretical foundations for the study of non-projective dependency grammars. These grammars are becoming increasingly important for approaches to statistical parsing in computational linguistics that deal with free word order and long-distance dependencies. The author provides new formal tools to define and understand dependency grammars, presents two new dependency language hierarchies with polynomial parsing algorithms, establishes the practical significance of these hierarchies through corpus studies, and links his work to the phrase-structure grammar tradition through an equivalence result with tree-adjoining grammars. The work bridges the gaps between linguistics and theoretical computer science, between theoretical and empirical approaches in computational linguistics, and between previously disconnected strands of formal language research.

Parsing Schemata for Practical Text Analysis

Parsing Schemata for Practical Text Analysis

Author: Carlos Gómez Rodríguez

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781848165618

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 617

The book presents a wide range of recent research results about parsing schemata, introducing formal frameworks and theoretical results while keeping a constant focus on applicability to practical parsing problems. The first part includes a general introduction to the parsing schemata formalism that contains the basic notions needed to understand the rest of the parts. Thus, this compendium can be used as an introduction to natural language parsing, allowing postgraduate students not only to get a solid grasp of the fundamental concepts underlying parsing algorithms, but also an understanding of the latest developments and challenges in the field. Researchers in computational linguistics will find novel results where parsing schemata are applied to current problems that are being actively researched in the computational linguistics community (like dependency parsing, robust parsing, or the treatment of non-projective linguistics phenomena). This book not only explains these results in a more detailed, comprehensive and self-contained way, and highlights the relations between them, but also includes new contributions that have not been presented.