Photographical Analysis of Macro- and Micro-aesthetic Appearance. A Cross-Sectional Study of Iraqi Adults with Class I Normal Occlusion

Photographical Analysis of Macro- and Micro-aesthetic Appearance. A Cross-Sectional Study of Iraqi Adults with Class I Normal Occlusion

Author: Dana R. Mohammed

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9783960677024

Category: Medical

Page: 141

View: 132

The first sign of facial beauty was displayed in Egyptian civilization art works as they started to understand the divine or golden proportion that was known as a golden ratio which could be defined as the ratio that considered to be the most aesthetically pleasing to the human’s eye and the base of countless mysteries over centuries. In the past, the cephalometic analysis represented an important tool in planning an orthodontic treatment, but today, the focus is mainly on the facial soft tissue and the dental assessment by using photographs. Despite most of the orthodontists are focused primarily on the occlusal discrepancies and mal-relations when discussing the needs of orthodontic treatment with the patients, and the patients and parents are focused mainly on the appearance, the orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning should have a broader extent, include the occlusion, tooth shape and appearance of the face to have both excellent occlusion and excellent aesthetics, although this is quite difficult, but it is the goal that all orthodontists should pursue. This book represents a master thesis in orthodontics from the College of Dentistry-University of Baghdad/Iraq. The uniqueness of this work comes from that it is the first one that analyses the micro-aesthetic appearance to establish normative values for the Iraqi population and find out whether there is a correlation between apparent mesiodistal measurements of maxillary anterior teeth and facial measurements by an indirect method of measurement, using photographs in a sample of Iraqi population.

The Spirit of Liberation

The Spirit of Liberation

Author: Tae Wha Yoo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004389090

Category: Religion

Page: 237

View: 801

With this study on Moltmann's pneumoatology the author recently obtained the doctor's degree from the Faculty of Theology of the Free University in Amsterdam. First of all, the book provides us with a thorough evaluation of the role the Holy Spirit plays in the theology of Jürgen Moltmann in its subsequent phases. The author's conclusion is that despite all differences there is one contstant factor: the Spirit is always connected with freedom. The Holy Spirit, according to Moltmann, is a liberating power. Because the author is eager to place Moltmann's pneumatology repeatedly in the context of his theology as a whole and of its developments, this book offers - and that is a second quality - an outstanding insight in the whole of Moltmann's theology and its development throughout the years.

Ex-Gay Research

Ex-Gay Research

Author: Jack Drescher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136574955

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 890

Defenders and critics of the controversial Spitzer study analyze its methodologies and findings In 2001, Robert L. Spitzer, MD, presented his study on sexual conversion therapy with its controversial findings that some homosexuals can change their sexual orientation. The resulting media sensation and political firestorm enraged the study’s critics and emboldened its supporters. Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture presents leading experts examining Spitzer’s research methodology and findings to discern whether the study itself deserves deeper consideration or outright dismissal. Every facet of the study is reviewed to discuss the positive or negative aspects of the results, its significance in political and social terms, and the implications for the future. Dr. Spitzer himself was an instrumental figure in the American Psychiatric Association's decision in 1973 to remove homosexuality as a mental illness listing from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-III. His later study that states that in some individuals, homosexuality may be more fluid than previously thought stirred controversy in the psychiatric community and society at large. His study is presented here to allow the reader to evaluate and consider it for themselves. Leading experts then voice their own pro or con views on the methodology and findings. Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture fearlessly illustrates the sometimes fuzzy boundary between science and politics, courageously spotlighting the culture wars now dividing our society. Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture discusses: the ex-gay movement the nature of scientific inquiry the relationship between science and politics the results of sexual conversion therapies gay and lesbian rights Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture is essential reading for sex researchers, mental health professionals, pastoral counselors, political activists, and any person asking if one can truly “change” his or her homosexuality.

A History of Canadian Accounting Thought and Practice

A History of Canadian Accounting Thought and Practice

Author: George J. Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000166972

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 662

View: 917

This book, first published in 1993, focuses on the evolution of accounting institutions, practices and standard-setting in Canada. Canada’s federal system complicates the jurisdictional authority for accounting matters. The Canadian constitution empowers the ten provinces to regulate the training and certification of accountants, and each can incorporate organizations. A great deal of effort has been made by accounting bodies on jurisdictional coordination and disputes, and this book analyses how these systems have come to function in their present form.

The Spirit Ambulance

The Spirit Ambulance

Author: Scott Stonington

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 9780520343894

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 804

The Spirit Ambulance is a journey into decision-making at the end of life in Thailand, where families attempt to craft good deaths for their elders in the face of clashing ethical frameworks, from a rapidly developing universal medical system, to national and global human-rights politics, to contemporary movements in Buddhist metaphysics. Scott Stonington’s gripping ethnography documents how Thai families attempt to pay back a “debt of life” to their elders through intensive medical care, followed by a medically assisted rush from the hospital to home to ensure a spiritually advantageous last breath. The result is a powerful exploration of the nature of death and the complexities arising from the globalization of biomedical expertise and ethics around the world.

Theory and Methods for Sociocultural Research in Science and Engineering Education

Theory and Methods for Sociocultural Research in Science and Engineering Education

Author: Gregory J. Kelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351139915

Category: Education

Page: 298

View: 447

Introducing original methods for integrating sociocultural and discourse studies into science and engineering education, this book provides a much-needed framework for how to conduct qualitative research in this field. The three dimensions of learning identified in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) create a need for research methods that examine the sociocultural components of science education. With cutting-edge studies and examples consistent with the NGSS, this book offers comprehensive research methods for integrating discourse and sociocultural practices in science and engineering education and provides key tools for applying this framework for students, pre-service teachers, scholars, and researchers.

Intersections of Peace and Language Studies

Intersections of Peace and Language Studies

Author: Erin A. Mikulec

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781648027734

Category: Education

Page: 343

View: 160

Readings in Language Studies, Volume 7: Intersections of Peace and Language Studies features international contributions that represent state-of-the-field reviews, multi-disciplinary perspectives, theory-driven syntheses of current scholarship, reports of new empirical research, reflections on pedagogical practices, and critical discussions of major topics centered on the intersection of language studies and peace. Consistent with the mission of ISLS, the collection of 13 chapters in this volume seeks to “bridge these arbitrary disciplinary territories and provide a forum for both theoretical and empirical research, from existing and emergent research methodologies, for exploring the relationships among language, power, discourses, and social practices.” Language and peace are in themselves incredibly complex concepts. They are simultaneously interpersonal in their function and effect as well as intimately personal in their experience. From everyday communication to the pragmatics of world diplomacy, from embracing a foreign culture to embarking upon a journey of self-awareness, language and peace are inseparably intertwined. To reveal their myriad interconnections, in local and global contexts, is a limitless task; nevertheless, we attempt to bring you a few glimpses from far corners of the world. It is also a linguistic and postcolonial mission of this society and the book series to publish the voices of non-native speakers of English. Decolonizing the academic enterprise is part of our commitment to diversity.

Reflections on Qualitative Research in Language and Literacy Education

Reflections on Qualitative Research in Language and Literacy Education

Author: Seyyed-Abdolhamid Mirhosseini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319491400

Category: Education

Page: 188

View: 525

This book discusses aspects of the theory and practice of qualitative research in the specific context of language and literacy education. It addresses epistemological perspectives, methodological problems, and practical considerations related to research involvements in areas of language education and literacy studies rather than generic issues of other fields of social sciences. The volume starts with Theoretical Considerations in the first part and raises some epistemological and theoretical concerns that are rarely debated in the specific context of research on language and literacy teaching. The second part, Methodological Approaches explores issues of the design and implementation of language and literacy education research within the framework of some of the major established qualitative research traditions. Finally, the part on Research in Action discusses practical aspects of a few actual instances of qualitative research on language and literacy education in different contexts.

International Handbook of Mathematics Teacher Education: Volume 4

International Handbook of Mathematics Teacher Education: Volume 4

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004424210

Category: Education

Page: 418

View: 805

This fourth volume addresses teacher educators’ knowledge, learning and practice with teachers/instructors of mathematics. It provides practical, professional and theoretical perspectives of different approaches/activities/programmes to promote effective teacher education practice, with valuable implications for research.

Political Science Research in Practice

Political Science Research in Practice

Author: Akan Malici

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415887724

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 923

Nothing rings truer to those teaching political science research methods: students hate taking this course. Tackle the challenge and turn the standard research methods teaching model on its head with Political Science Research in Practice. Akan Malici and Elizabeth Smith engage students first with pressing political questions and then demonstrate how a researcher has gone about answering them, walking through real political science research that contributors have conducted. Through the exemplary use of survey research, experiments, field research, case studies, content analysis, interviews, document analysis, statistical research, and formal modeling, each chapter introduces students to a method of empirical inquiry through a specific topic that will spark their interest and curiosity. Each chapter shows the process of developing a research question, how and why a particular method was used, and the rewards and challenges discovered along the way. Students can better appreciate why we need a science of politics--why methods matter--with these first-hand, issue-based discussions. The following features make this an ideal teaching tool: An introductory chapter that succinctly introduces key terms in research methodology Key terms bolded throughout and defined in a glossary Broad coverage of the most important methods used in political science research and the major subfields of the discipline A companion website designed to foster online active learning An instructor's manual and testbank to help incorporate this innovative text into your syllabus and assessment.