Non-Muslims in Muslim Majority Societies

Non-Muslims in Muslim Majority Societies

Author: Kajsa Ahlstand

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9780718843014

Category: History

Page: 174

View: 208

In a world where almost all societies are multi-religious and multi-ethnic, we need to study how social cohesion can be achieved in different contexts. In some geographical areas, as in the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent, people of different religious belonging have, through the ages, lived side by side, sometimes in harmony and sometimes in dissonance. In other geographical regions, as in Scandinavia, societies have been quite religiously homogeneous but only recently challenged by immigration.In both locations the relations between religious minority and majority are very much on the agenda. In order to discuss the situation for non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies, a consultation was convened with both Muslim and Christian participants from Pakistan, Palestine, Lebanon, and Sweden. Some of the participants work in academic settings, others in faith-based organisations, some in jurisprudence and others with theological issues. Non-Muslims in Muslim Majority Societies is the result of thatconsultation. The intention of the book is to trigger reflection and further thinking, through papers that discuss issues such as freedom of religion, minority rights, secular and religious legislation, and inter-religious dialogue in Muslim majority societies. Although the articles are presented as 'works in progress' and remain tentative in many of their conclusions, this book is an important contribution to the global debate over religious tolerance and religious pluralism.

Asian Islam in the 21st Century

Asian Islam in the 21st Century

Author: John L. Esposito

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198044216

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 406

Although more than half of the world's Muslims live in Asia, most books on contemporary Islam focus on the Middle East, giving short shift to the dynamic and diverse presence of Asian Islam in regional and global politics. The Muslims of Asia constitute the largest Muslim communities in the world - Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India and Central Asia. In recent years, terrorist bombings in Bali, separatist conflicts in Thailand and the Philippines, and opposition politics in Central Asia, all point to the strategic importance of Asian Islam. In Asian Islam in the 21st Century, terrorism and its effects are placed within the broader context of Muslim politics and how Islamic ideals and movements, mainstream and extremist, have shaped Asian Muslim societies. Democratization experiments -- successful and unsuccessful -- are examined. The rise of radical militant movements is analyzed and placed in historical perspective. The result is an insightful portrait of the rich diversity of Muslim politics and discourse that continue to affect Asian Muslim majority and minority countries. Specialists and students of Islamic studies, religion and international affairs, and comparative politics as well as general readers will benefit from this sorely needed comprehensive analysis of a part of the world that has become increasingly important in the 21st century.

The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Christianity in the Middle East

The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Christianity in the Middle East

Author: Mitri Raheb

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781538124185

Category: Religion

Page: 710

View: 623

This work represents the current and most relevant content on the studies of how Christianity has fared in the ancient home of its founder and birth. Much has been written about Christianity and how it has survived since its migration out of its homeland but this comprehensive reference work reassesses the geographic and demographic impact of the dramatic changes in this perennially combustible world region. The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Christianity in the Middle East also spans the historical, socio-political and contemporary settings of the region and importantly describes the interactions that Christianity has had with other major/minor religions in the region.

Sacred Precincts

Sacred Precincts

Author: Gharipour Mohammad

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004280229

Category: Architecture

Page: 580

View: 519

Sacred Precincts examines non-Muslim religious sites in the Islamic world, revealing how architecture responds to contextual issues and traditions. It explores urban contexts; issues of identity; design; construction; transformation and the history of sacred sites in the Middle East and Africa from the advent of Islam to the 20th century. The book includes case studies on churches, synagogues and sacred sites in Iran; Turkey; Cyprus; Egypt; Iraq; Tunisia; Morocco; Malta; Nigeria; Mali, and the Gambia.

Focus on Islamic Issues

Focus on Islamic Issues

Author: Cofie D. Malbouisson

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1600212042

Category: Religion

Page: 94

View: 891

There are about one billion Muslims in the world, concentrated primarily in North Africa, the Middle East, and South and Southeast Asia. Islam teaches that Allah selected Muhammad, a merchant from Mecca, as the last of the prophets following Adam, Moses, Jesus, and others, to deliver God's message to mankind. Islam has a long and complicated history as do most established religions. Islam is in the focus of world attention because of the actions of Islamic extremists, such as Osama bin Laden. The terrorist attacks of 9/11 and numerous other attacks have drawn particular attention to Muslims and the Islamic faith. This book examines some of the different sects of Islam and how their practices fit within contemporary times.

Synagogues in the Islamic World

Synagogues in the Islamic World

Author: Gharipour Mohammad Gharipour

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474468435

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 502

This beautifully illustrated volume looks at the spaces created by and for Jews in areas under the political or religious control of Muslims. Covering regions as diverse as Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and Spain, it asks how the architecture of synagogues responded to contextual issues and traditions, and how these contexts influenced the design and evolution of synagogues. As well as revealing how synagogues reflect the culture of the Jewish minority at macro and micro scales, from the city to the interior, the book also considers patterns of the development of synagogues in urban contexts and in connection with urban elements and monuments.

Jewish-Muslim Relations

Jewish-Muslim Relations

Author: Abdullah Craig Walker

Publisher:

ISBN: 1492322067

Category: History

Page: 116

View: 652

Jewish-Muslim Relations - A Qur'anic View is a well-researched critical study of the history of Jewish-Muslim relations beginning with Islam's first contact with Judaism in Medina in the 7th century, through the present era of globalization. The authors' acknowledged purpose is to reveal how, “The concept that enmity between Jews and Muslims is a religious tenet in Islam is fraudulent, and debases the Holy Qur'an as well as the life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).” To this end, the book explores the unity of faith at the heart of Judaism and Islam, and articulates the common historical and theological ground shared by the two religions. It goes on to show how religious extremists and political demagogues, both Muslim and non-Muslim, have referenced Qur'anic verses out of context to support anti-Semitic views, while ignoring the fundamental precepts of the Qur'an and the Hadith (i.e. the recorded words and deeds of the Prophet). The book analyzes the commentaries in the Qur'an critical of Jews that pertain to three wars that occurred in the 7th century between Medina's Muslim, Arab and Jewish tribes. And, it examines the legendary "Constitution of Medina", authored by Prophet Mohammad (pbuh), which introduced the principles of egalitarian governance for the first time in Arabia. The book also explores the contributions of Islamic scholars and jurists to Muslim-Jewish relations during the era of Muslim ascendancy, with focus upon the rules of governance relating to non-Muslims in regions ruled by Muslims. The historical sweep of this book includes an analysis of the emergence of sectarianism and anti-Semitism in Arab Muslim societies that occurred following the passing of the Islamic Golden Age in the 13th century. And, it examines Islamist narratives that evolved later in Muslim-majority societies during their struggle for independence from colonial rule. The book concludes with an analysis of militant Islamist supremacism that has emerged in many Muslim-majority societies in the present era of globalization that persists in trying to link Islam to a false anti-Semitic narrative.

Islam in Denmark

Islam in Denmark

Author: Jørgen S. Nielsen

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739150924

Category: History

Page: 261

View: 691

As a small country in western Europe, Denmark shares much of the regions experiences with the immigration and settlement of Muslims. But there are also differences, some significant, which can lead observers to misjudge events such as the cartoons affair of 2005-6. The 14 chapters in this volume present, for the first time in English, the fruits of extensive research and experience of the particular character of Islam in Denmark.

Global Dynamics of Shi'a Marriages

Global Dynamics of Shi'a Marriages

Author: Yafa Shanneik

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9781978818484

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 491

Muslim marriages have been the focus of considerable public debate in Europe and beyond, in Muslim-majority countries as well as in settings where Muslims are a minority. Most academic work has focused on how the majority Sunni Muslims conclude marriages. This volume, in contrast, focuses on Twelver Shi'a Muslims in Iran, Pakistan, Oman, Indonesia, Norway, and the Netherlands. The volume makes an original contribution to understanding the global dynamics of Shi'a marriage practices in a wide range of contexts--not only its geographical spread but also by providing a critical analysis of the socio-economic, religious, ethnic, and political discourses of each context. The book sheds light on new marriage forms presented through a bottom up approach focusing on the lived experiences of Shi'a Muslims negotiating a diverse range of relationships and forms of belonging.

Women, Islam, and the State

Women, Islam, and the State

Author: Deniz Kandiyoti

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 0877227861

Category: Religion

Page: 276

View: 741

This collection of original essays examines the relationship between Islam, the nature of state projects, and the position of women in the modern nation states of the Middle East and South Asia. Arguing that Islam is not uniform across Muslim societies and that women's roles in these societies cannot be understood simply by looking at texts and laws. the contributors focus, instead, on the effects of the political projects of states on the lives of women.--provided by publisher.

Handbook of Asian Education

Handbook of Asian Education

Author: Yong Zhao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136721298

Category: Education

Page: 584

View: 980

Comprehensive and authoritative, this Handbook provides a nuanced description and analysis of educational systems, practices, and policies in Asian countries and explains and interprets these practices from cultural, social, historical, and economic perspectives. Using a culture-based framework, the volume is organized in five sections, each devoted to educational practices in one civilization in Asia: Sinic, Japanese, Islamic, Buddhist, and Hindu. Culture and culture identities essentially are civilization identities; the major differences among civilizations are rooted in their different cultures. This framework offers a novel approach to capturing the essence of the diverse educational systems and practices in Asia. Uniquely combining description and interpretation of educational practices in Asia, this Handbook is a must-have resource for education researchers and graduate students in international and comparative education, globalization and education, multicultural education, sociocultural foundations of education, and Asian studies, and for educational administrators and education policy makers.

Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies

Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies

Author: Maya Shatzmiller

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773528475

Category: Religion

Page: 346

View: 124

The essays focus on identity formation in five minority groups - Copts in Egypt, Baha'is and Christians in Pakistan, Berbers in Algeria and Morocco, and Kurds in Turkey and Iraq. While every minority community is distinctive, the experiences of these groups show that a state's authoritarian rule, uncompromising attitude towards expressions of particularism, and failure to offer tools for inclusion are all responsible for the politicization and radicalization of minority identities. The place of Islam in this process is complex: while its initial pluralistic role was transformed through the creation of the modern nation-state, the radicalization of society in turn radicalized and politicized minority identities. Minority groups, though at times possessing a measure of political autonomy, remain intensely vulnerable.