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## Orthogonal Sets and Polar Methods in Linear Algebra

A unique, applied approach to problem solving in linearalgebra Departing from the standard methods of analysis, this unique bookpresents methodologies and algorithms based on the concept oforthogonality and demonstrates their application to both standardand novel problems in linear algebra. Covering basic theory oflinear systems, linear inequalities, and linear programming, itfocuses on elegant, computationally simple solutions to real-worldphysical, economic, and engineering problems. The authors clearlyexplain the reasons behind the analysis of different structures andconcepts and use numerous illustrative examples to correlate themathematical models to the reality they represent. Readers aregiven precise guidelines for: * Checking the equivalence of two systems * Solving a system in certain selected variables * Modifying systems of equations * Solving linear systems of inequalities * Using the new exterior point method * Modifying a linear programming problem With few prerequisites, but with plenty of figures and tables,end-of-chapter exercises as well as Java and Mathematica programsavailable from the authors' Web site, this is an invaluabletext/reference for mathematicians, engineers, applied scientists,and graduate students in mathematics.
## Principles of Linear Algebra with Mathematica

A hands-on introduction to the theoretical and computationalaspects of linear algebra using Mathematica® Many topics in linear algebra are simple, yet computationallyintensive, and computer algebra systems such as Mathematica®are essential not only for learning to apply the concepts tocomputationally challenging problems, but also for visualizing manyof the geometric aspects within this field of study. Principles ofLinear Algebra with Mathematica uniquely bridges the gap betweenbeginning linear algebra and computational linear algebra that isoften encountered in applied settings, and the commands required tosolve complex and computationally challenging problems usingMathematica are provided. The book begins with an introduction to the commands andprogramming guidelines for working with Mathematica. Next, theauthors explore linear systems of equations and matrices,applications of linear systems and matrices, determinants,inverses, and Cramer's rule. Basic linear algebra topics, such asvectors, dot product, cross product, and vector projection areexplored, as well as a unique variety of more advanced topicsincluding rotations in space, 'rolling' a circle along a curve, andthe TNB Frame. Subsequent chapters feature coverage of lineartransformations from Rn to Rm, the geometry of linear and affinetransformations, with an exploration of their effect on arclength,area, and volume, least squares fits, and pseudoinverses. Mathematica is used to enhance concepts and is seamlesslyintegrated throughout the book through symbolic manipulations,numerical computations, graphics in two and three dimensions,animations, and programming. Each section concludes with standardproblems in addition to problems that were specifically designed tobe solved with Mathematica, allowing readers to test theircomprehension of the presented material. All related Mathematicacode is available on a corresponding website, along with solutionsto problems and additional topical resources. Extensively class-tested to ensure an accessible presentation,Principles of Linear Algebra with Mathematica is an excellent bookfor courses on linear algebra at the undergraduate level. The bookis also an ideal reference for students and professionals who wouldlike to gain a further understanding of the use of Mathematica tosolve linear algebra problems.
## Post-Modern Algebra

Advanced algebra in the service of contemporary mathematicalresearch-- a unique introduction. This volume takes an altogether new approach to advanced algebra.Its intriguing title, inspired by the term postmodernism, denotes adeparture from van der Waerden's Modern Algebra--a book that hasdominated the field for nearly seventy years. Post-Modern Algebraoffers a truly up-to-date alternative to the standard approach,explaining topics from an applications-based perspective ratherthan by abstract principles alone. The book broadens the field ofstudy to include algebraic structures and methods used in currentand emerging mathematical research, and describes the powerful yetsubtle techniques of universal algebra and category theory.Classical algebraic areas of groups, rings, fields, and vectorspaces are bolstered by such topics as ordered sets, monoids,monoid actions, quasigroups, loops, lattices, Boolean algebras,categories, and Heyting algebras. The text features: * A clear and concise treatment at an introductory level, tested inuniversity courses. * A wealth of exercises illustrating concepts and their practicalapplication. * Effective techniques for solving research problems in the realworld. * Flexibility of presentation, making it easy to tailor material tospecific needs. * Help with elementary proofs and algebraic notations for studentsof varying abilities. Post-Modern Algebra is an excellent primary or supplementary textfor graduate-level algebra courses. It is also an extremely usefulresource for professionals and researchers in many areas who musttackle abstract, linear, or universal algebra in the course oftheir work.
## Positive Linear Systems

A complete study on an important class of linear dynamicalsystems-positive linear systems One of the most often-encountered systems in nearly all areas ofscience and technology, positive linear systems is a specific butremarkable and fascinating class. Renowned scientists LorenzoFarina and Sergio Rinaldi introduce readers to the world ofpositive linear systems in their rigorous but highly accessiblebook, rich in applications, examples, and figures. This professional reference is divided into three main parts: Thefirst part contains the definitions and basic properties ofpositive linear systems. The second part, following the theoreticalexposition, reports the main conceptual results, consideringapplicable examples taken from a number of widely used models. Thethird part is devoted to the study of some classes of positivelinear systems of particular relevance in applications (such as theLeontief model, the Leslie model, the Markov chains, thecompartmental systems, and the queueing systems). Readers familiarwith linear algebra and linear systems theory will appreciate theway arguments are treated and presented. Extraordinarily comprehensive, Positive Linear Systemsfeatures: * Applications from a variety of backgrounds including modeling,control engineering, computer science, demography, economics,bioengineering, chemistry, and ecology * References and annotated bibliographies throughout the book * Two appendices concerning linear algebra and linear systemstheory for readers unfamiliar with the mathematics used Farina and Rinaldi make no effort to hide their enthusiasm for thetopics presented, making Positive Linear Systems: Theory andApplications an indispensable resource for researchers andprofessionals in a broad range of fields.
## Advanced Fixture Design Method and Its Application

This book uses kinematics, mechanics, mathematics, and so on, to systematically propose the fixturing performance evaluation and fixturing layout planning method. The proposed method is a novel method, including the analysis method of locating determination, the analysis method of workpiece stability, the analysis method of clamping reasonability, the analysis method of workpiece attachment/detachment, the analysis method of locating accuracy, and the planning algorithm of locating point layout, the planning algorithm of clamping force, and so forth. It can enrich and develop the basic theory of computer aided fixture design, change the empirical method of fixture design. The combination of theoretical analysis and mathematical modeling technology can resolve the key problems in the process of fixture design, which will play a certain role in promoting the progress of manufacturing technology, improving the precision and level of product manufacturing, and meeting the higher and higher requirements of mechanical manufacturing industry.
## Mathematical Methods in Biology

A one–of–a–kind guide to using deterministic and probabilistic methods for solving problems in the biological sciences Highlighting the growing relevance of quantitative techniques in scientific research, Mathematical Methods in Biology provides an accessible presentation of the broad range of important mathematical methods for solving problems in the biological sciences. The book reveals the growing connections between mathematics and biology through clear explanations and specific, interesting problems from areas such as population dynamics, foraging theory, and life history theory. The authors begin with an introduction and review of mathematical tools that are employed in subsequent chapters, including biological modeling, calculus, differential equations, dimensionless variables, and descriptive statistics. The following chapters examine standard discrete and continuous models using matrix algebra as well as difference and differential equations. Finally, the book outlines probability, statistics, and stochastic methods as well as material on bootstrapping and stochastic differential equations, which is a unique approach that is not offered in other literature on the topic. In order to demonstrate the application of mathematical methods to the biological sciences, the authors provide focused examples from the field of theoretical ecology, which serve as an accessible context for study while also demonstrating mathematical skills that are applicable to many other areas in the life sciences. The book′s algorithms are illustrated using MATLAB®, but can also be replicated using other software packages, including R, Mathematica®, and Maple; however, the text does not require any single computer algebra package. Each chapter contains numerous exercises and problems that range in difficulty, from the basic to more challenging, to assist readers with building their problem–solving skills. Selected solutions are included at the back of the book, and a related Web site features supplemental material for further study. Extensively class–tested to ensure an easy–to–follow format, Mathematical Methods in Biology is an excellent book for mathematics and biology courses at the upper–undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as a valuable reference for researchers and professionals working in the fields of biology, ecology, and biomathematics.
## Linear and Nonlinear Waves

Now in an accessible paperback edition, this classic work is just as relevant as when it first appeared in 1974, due to the increased use of nonlinear waves. It covers the behavior of waves in two parts, with the first part addressing hyperbolic waves and the second addressing dispersive waves. The mathematical principles are presented along with examples of specific cases in communications and specific physical fields, including flood waves in rivers, waves in glaciers, traffic flow, sonic booms, blast waves, and ocean waves from storms.
## Decomposition Techniques in Mathematical Programming

Optimization plainly dominates the design, planning, operation, and c- trol of engineering systems. This is a book on optimization that considers particular cases of optimization problems, those with a decomposable str- ture that can be advantageously exploited. Those decomposable optimization problems are ubiquitous in engineering and science applications. The book considers problems with both complicating constraints and complicating va- ables, and analyzes linear and nonlinear problems, with and without in- ger variables. The decomposition techniques analyzed include Dantzig-Wolfe, Benders, Lagrangian relaxation, Augmented Lagrangian decomposition, and others. Heuristic techniques are also considered. Additionally, a comprehensive sensitivity analysis for characterizing the solution of optimization problems is carried out. This material is particularly novel and of high practical interest. This book is built based on many clarifying, illustrative, and compu- tional examples, which facilitate the learning procedure. For the sake of cl- ity, theoretical concepts and computational algorithms are assembled based on these examples. The results are simplicity, clarity, and easy-learning. We feel that this book is needed by the engineering community that has to tackle complex optimization problems, particularly by practitioners and researchersinEngineering,OperationsResearch,andAppliedEconomics.The descriptions of most decomposition techniques are available only in complex and specialized mathematical journals, di?cult to understand by engineers. A book describing a wide range of decomposition techniques, emphasizing problem-solving, and appropriately blending theory and application, was not previously available.
## Functional Differential Equations

Features new results and up-to-date advances in modeling and solving differential equations Introducing the various classes of functional differential equations, Functional Differential Equations: Advances and Applications presents the needed tools and topics to study the various classes of functional differential equations and is primarily concerned with the existence, uniqueness, and estimates of solutions to specific problems. The book focuses on the general theory of functional differential equations, provides the requisite mathematical background, and details the qualitative behavior of solutions to functional differential equations. The book addresses problems of stability, particularly for ordinary differential equations in which the theory can provide models for other classes of functional differential equations, and the stability of solutions is useful for the application of results within various fields of science, engineering, and economics. Functional Differential Equations: Advances and Applications also features: • Discussions on the classes of equations that cannot be solved to the highest order derivative, and in turn, addresses existence results and behavior types • Oscillatory motion and solutions that occur in many real-world phenomena as well as in man-made machines • Numerous examples and applications with a specific focus on ordinary differential equations and functional differential equations with finite delay • An appendix that introduces generalized Fourier series and Fourier analysis after periodicity and almost periodicity • An extensive Bibliography with over 550 references that connects the presented concepts to further topical exploration Functional Differential Equations: Advances and Applications is an ideal reference for academics and practitioners in applied mathematics, engineering, economics, and physics. The book is also an appropriate textbook for graduate- and PhD-level courses in applied mathematics, differential and difference equations, differential analysis, and dynamics processes. CONSTANTIN CORDUNEANU, PhD, is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Mathematics at The University of Texas at Arlington, USA. The author of six books and over 200 journal articles, he is currently Associate Editor for seven journals; a member of the American Mathematical Society, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and the Romanian Academy; and past president of the American Romanian Academy of Arts and Sciences. YIZENG LI, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematics at Tarrant County College, USA. He is a member of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. MEHRAN MAHDAVI, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematics at Bowie State University, USA. The author of numerous journal articles, he is a member of the American Mathematical Society, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and the Mathematical Association of America.
## An Introduction to Metric Spaces and Fixed Point Theory

Presents up-to-date Banach space results. * Features an extensive bibliography for outside reading. * Provides detailed exercises that elucidate more introductorymaterial.
## Functional Analysis

A powerful introduction to one of the most active areas oftheoretical and applied mathematics This distinctive introduction to one of the most far-reaching andbeautiful areas of mathematics focuses on Banach spaces as themilieu in which most of the fundamental concepts are presented.While occasionally using the more general topological vector spaceand locally convex space setting, it emphasizes the development ofthe reader's mathematical maturity and the ability to bothunderstand and "do" mathematics. In so doing, Functional Analysisprovides a strong springboard for further exploration on the widerange of topics the book presents, including: * Weak topologies and applications * Operators on Banach spaces * Bases in Banach spaces * Sequences, series, and geometry in Banach spaces Stressing the general techniques underlying the proofs, FunctionalAnalysis also features many exercises for immediate clarificationof points under discussion. This thoughtful, well-organizedsynthesis of the work of those mathematicians who created thediscipline of functional analysis as we know it today also providesa rich source of research topics and reference material.
## Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers with Applications

The first comprehensive survey of mathematics' most fascinatingnumber sequences Fibonacci and Lucas numbers have intrigued amateur and professionalmathematicians for centuries. This volume represents the firstattempt to compile a definitive history and authoritative analysisof these famous integer sequences, complete with a wealth ofexciting applications, enlightening examples, and fun exercisesthat offer numerous opportunities for exploration andexperimentation. The author has assembled a myriad of fascinating properties of bothFibonacci and Lucas numbers-as developed by a wide range ofsources-and catalogued their applications in a multitude of widelyvaried disciplines such as art, stock market investing,engineering, and neurophysiology. Most of the engaging anddelightful material here is easily accessible to college and evenhigh school students, though advanced material is included tochallenge more sophisticated Fibonacci enthusiasts. A historicalsurvey of the development of Fibonacci and Lucas numbers,biographical sketches of intriguing personalities involved indeveloping the subject, and illustrative examples round out thisthorough and amusing survey. Most chapters conclude with numericand theoretical exercises that do not rely on long and tediousproofs of theorems. Highlights include: * Balanced blend of theory and real-world applications * Excellent reference material for student reports andprojects * User-friendly, informal, and entertaining writing style * Historical interjections and short biographies that add a richerperspective to the topic * Reference sections providing important symbols, problemsolutions, and fundamental properties from the theory of numbersand matrices Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers with Applications providesmathematicians with a wealth of reference material in oneconvenient volume and presents an in-depth and entertainingresource for enthusiasts at every level and from any background.

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