Perspectives on the Computer Revolution

Perspectives on the Computer Revolution

Author: Zenon W. Pylyshyn

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 0893913693

Category: Computers

Page: 550

View: 870

This is a completely revised and updated edition of this text designed to introduce students to the historical, intellectual and social context of computers. Although the majority of the chapters in this edition are new, the original criteria for selecting essays has been retained. The text retains the historical pieces and adds new material on artifical intelligence, the human-computer interface, the intellectual importance of computing, and the social imapct of computer technology.

Routes to the Information Revolution

Routes to the Information Revolution

Author: Alexander Arbel

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527531505

Category: Computers

Page: 425

View: 318

This book is a precise and comprehensive history of the digital computer. It is the first collection of available information about the digital computer, beginning with the philosophical and logical advancements in the early 20th century that led to it. The book explores the histories and stories of the computer, tracing its roots and routes. It examines and analyzes commonly accepted views on the digital computer and its development, and offers clearer and more accurate alternatives to them. Its approach, though dealing with the introduction and development of the digital computer, is applicable to the history of technology in general. The central question considered here is, why were the automatic digital program-controlled calculating devices developed simultaneously in Germany, the USA and the UK during the period 1935-1945? Astonishingly, the technologies, ideas, calculating means and calculating techniques existed and were available long before the development of the automatic digital program-controlled calculating device. However, only during the period 1935-1945 did they materialize. Ideas that may be viewed as attempts to develop this type of device began early in the modern era. Babbage (1834) and Ludgate (1909) took the first steps and constructed devices that may be viewed as something like computers. Nevertheless, the concrete fulfillment and practical use of these ideas was accomplished only in the period of 1935-1945, by a group of developers who acted in ignorance of what was done before. This book opens with a detailed discussion of these processes.

The Whale and the Reactor

The Whale and the Reactor

Author: Langdon Winner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226902099

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 314

"The questions he poses about the relationship between technical change and political power are pressing ones that can no longer be ignored, and identifying them is perhaps the most a nascent 'philosophy of technology' can expect to achieve at the present time."—David Dickson, New York Times Book Review "The Whale and the Reactor is the philosopher's equivalent of superb public history. In its pages an analytically trained mind confronts some of the most pressing political issues of our day."—Ruth Schwartz Cowan, Isis

Philosophy and Technology II

Philosophy and Technology II

Author: Carl Mitcham

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400945128

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 212

Until recently, the philosophy and history of science proceeded in a separate way from the philosophy and history of technology, and indeed with respect to both science and technology, philosophical and historical inquiries were also following their separate ways. Now we see in the past quarter-century how the philosophy of science has been profoundly in fluenced by historical studies of the sciences, and no longer concerned so single-mindedly with the analysis of theory and explanation, with the re lation between hypotheses and experimental observation. Now also we see the traditional historical studies of technology supplemented by phi losophical questions, and no longer so plainly focussed upon contexts of application, on invention and practical engineering, and on the mutually stimulating relations between technology and society. Further, alas, the neat division of intellectual labor, those clearly drawn distinctions be tween science and technology, between the theoretical and the applied, between discovery and justification, between internalist and externalist approaches . . . all, all have become muddled! Partly, this is due to internal revolutions within the philosophy and his tory of science (the first result being recognition of their mutual rele vance). Partly, however, this state of 'muddle' is due to external factors: science, at the least in the last half-century, has become so intimately connected with technology, and technological developments have cre ated so many new fields of scientific (and philosophical) inquiry that any critical reflection on scientific and technological endeavors must hence forth take their interaction into account.

Organizational and Social Perspectives on Information Technology

Organizational and Social Perspectives on Information Technology

Author: Richard Baskerville

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780387355054

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 532

View: 978

The articles in this book constitute the proceedings papers from the IFIP WG 8.2 Working Conference, "IS2000: The Social and Organizational Perspective on Research and Practice in Information Technology," held June 1 0-12, 2000, in Aalborg, Denmark. The focus of the conference, and therefore this book, is on the basic aim of the working group, namely, the investigation of the interrelationships among four major components: information systems (IS), information technology (IT), organizations, and society. This basic social and organizational perspective on research and practice in information technology may have evolved substantially since the founding ofthe group, for example, increasing the emphasis on IS development. The plan for the conference was partially rooted in the early WG 8.2 traditions, in which working conferences were substantially composed of invited papers. For IS2000, roughly half of the paper presentations were planned to be invited; the remaining half were planned to be double-blind refereed in response to a "Call For Papers." Invited papers were single-blind reviewed in order to provide the authors with pre-publication feedback and comments, along with the opportunity to revise their papers prior to its final incorporation in this book.

Humanistic Perspectives on Computers in the Schools

Humanistic Perspectives on Computers in the Schools

Author: Steven D. Harlow

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0866563970

Category: Education

Page: 116

View: 707

In exploring the place of the computer in the human context of the school, this thoughtful, insightful volume probes the effects of the computer's presence on human potential and learning and examines the promise and direction of the computer in the education of children. Researchers and practitioners share very diverse concerns--with a healthy dose of caution--about the computer's impact upon the classroom and student learning. Topics include the computer and the exceptional student, computer games as teaching tools, teaching writing through word processing, as well as evaluating the educational value of microcomputers.

What Can be Automated?

What Can be Automated?

Author: Bruce W. Arden

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: UCAL:B4371219

Category: Computers

Page: 984

View: 687

Provides an overview of current research in statistics, numerical computations, artificial intelligence, programming languages, operating systems, database management systems, software methodology, & applications.