Poland's Navy, 1918-1945

Poland's Navy, 1918-1945

Author: Michael Alfred Peszke

Publisher: Hippocrene Books

ISBN: UOM:39015042409519

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 876

In this well researched and informative history, the author outlines the role of the Polish Navy from its creation through World War II, including major battles and operations in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Arctic. Divided into eleven chapters and supplemented with seven appendices, Poland's Navy, 1918-1945 also includes a comprehensive listing of bibliographical resources and an index of names of ships, officers, and other important figures.

The Polish Navy 1918–45

The Polish Navy 1918–45

Author: Przemyslaw Budzbon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472846983

Category: History

Page: 49

View: 791

Packed with illustrations, this is a study of the Polish warships such as the Grom-class destroyers that were developed and built in the interwar years. Newly independent Poland's naval force was created in 1920, initially with six ex-German torpedo boats. However, after German-Soviet exercises off the Polish coast in 1924, funding for warships was hastily allocated. Two destroyers and three submarines were built in France but, disappointed with their quality, Poland ordered new ships, mostly from British and Dutch shipyards. By summer 1939, the Polish Navy comprised four destroyers, five submarines, one minelayer, six minesweepers and a handful of lesser ships. Although the Grom-class destroyers were two of the fastest and best-armed destroyers of the war, the tiny Polish fleet would stand little chance against the Kriegsmarine, and on 30 August three destroyers were dispatched to Britain, followed by two submarines that escaped internment. The remaining Polish surface fleet was sunk by 3 September. In exile, the Polish Navy operated not only their own ships, but also Royal Navy warships, including a cruiser, destroyers, submarines and motor torpedo boats which fought alongside the Allies in the Battle of the Atlantic, the Arctic Convoys, and at the Normandy landings. This detailed account not only describes the Polish Navy's contribution to the Allied war effort but also the episode of the Polish destroyer Piorun which took on the Bismarck in a lone gun duel leading to the sinking of the great German battleship.

The Polish Navy 1918–45

The Polish Navy 1918–45

Author: Przemyslaw Budzbon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472847010

Category: History

Page: 99

View: 611

Packed with illustrations, this is a study of the Polish warships such as the Grom-class destroyers that were developed and built in the interwar years. Newly independent Poland's naval force was created in 1920, initially with six ex-German torpedo boats. However, after German-Soviet exercises off the Polish coast in 1924, funding for warships was hastily allocated. Two destroyers and three submarines were built in France but, disappointed with their quality, Poland ordered new ships, mostly from British and Dutch shipyards. By summer 1939, the Polish Navy comprised four destroyers, five submarines, one minelayer, six minesweepers and a handful of lesser ships. Although the Grom-class destroyers were two of the fastest and best-armed destroyers of the war, the tiny Polish fleet would stand little chance against the Kriegsmarine, and on 30 August three destroyers were dispatched to Britain, followed by two submarines that escaped internment. The remaining Polish surface fleet was sunk by 3 September. In exile, the Polish Navy operated not only their own ships, but also Royal Navy warships, including a cruiser, destroyers, submarines and motor torpedo boats which fought alongside the Allies in the Battle of the Atlantic, the Arctic Convoys, and at the Normandy landings. This detailed account not only describes the Polish Navy's contribution to the Allied war effort but also the episode of the Polish destroyer Piorun which took on the Bismarck in a lone gun duel leading to the sinking of the great German battleship.

The Gathering Storm

The Gathering Storm

Author: Geirr H. Haarr

Publisher: Seaforth Publishing

ISBN: 9781848321403

Category: History

Page: 561

View: 711

The term 'the phony war' is often applied to the first months of the Second World War, a term suggesting inaction or passivity. That may have been the perception of the war on land, but at sea it was very different. This new book is a superb survey of the fierce naval struggles, from 1939 up to the invasion of the Norway in April 1940.??The author begins the book with the sinking of the German fleet at Scapa Flow in 1919 and then covers the rebuilding of the Kriegsmarine and parallel developments in the Royal Navy, and summarises relevant advances in European navies. The main part of the book then describes the actions at sea starting with the fall of Poland. There is a complex, intertwined narrative that follows. The sinking of Courageous, the German mining of the British East Coast, the Northern Patrol, the sinking of Rawalpindi, small ship operations in the North Sea and German Bight, the Altmark incident are all covered. Further afield the author deals with the German surface raiders and looks at the early stages of the submarine war in the Atlantic.??As with his previous books, Geirr Haarr has researched extensively in German, British, and other archives, and the work is intended to paint a balanced and detailed picture of this significant period of the war when the opposing naval forces were adapting to a form of naval warfare quite different to that experienced in WWI.

Britain, France and the Naval Arms Trade in the Baltic, 1919 -1939

Britain, France and the Naval Arms Trade in the Baltic, 1919 -1939

Author: Donald Stoker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135774226

Category: History

Page: 218

View: 580

The strategy of the British and French prior to World War II was to preserve the status quo after the disaster of World War I. Donald Stoker's book examines British and French involvement from 1919 to 1939 in the creation and development of the naval forces of Poland, Finland and the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This is an in-depth scholarly study of a subject that should appeal to students of international history, strategy, international relations and naval history in general.

Poland Alone

Poland Alone

Author: Jonathan Walker

Publisher: The History Press

ISBN: 9780752469430

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 711

POLAND was the ‘tripwire’ that brought Britain into the Second World War, but neither Britain nor Poland’s older ally, France, had the military means to prevent Poland being overrun, and the broadcast, ‘Poland is no longer alone’ had a distinctly hollow ring. During the next five years the Polish Government-in-exile and armed forces made a significant contribution to the Allied war effort; in return the Polish Underground (Home Army) received only paltry quantities of supplies and men. Using veterans’ testimonies and previously classified material, Jonathan Walker examines the heroic attempts by elements of SOE and the RAF to aid the Poles, against a background of Allied inertia and calculating Soviet ambition. The war ended with over six million Poles dead, the crushing of their resistance movement and their culture, and the imposition of Soviet control. What more could Britain have done to help her loyal ally?

The Polish Underground Army, the Western Allies, and the Failure of Strategic Unity in World War II

The Polish Underground Army, the Western Allies, and the Failure of Strategic Unity in World War II

Author: Michael Alfred Peszke

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 078642009X

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 221

Poland was the first country to stand up to Germany in 1939, and maintained an underground army during the years of World War II. The underground army was organized in occupied Poland in October 1939 and worked until April 1945, hoping to establish a legitimate authority in post-war Poland while liberating territory with the aid of Polish Forces from the west. This military history covers the attempts of General Wladyslaw Sikorski and his successor (General Kazimierz Sosnkowski) to integrate the Polish forces into Western strategy, and trying to have their clandestine forces (the Armia Krajowa) declared an allied combatant and legitimized by the Western powers before the eyes of both Germans and Soviets who sought Poland's destruction. The work opens with some general remarks on the inter-war period of 1919-1939, and then concentrates on the period of October 1939 through January 1945 and V-E Day. It covers such topics as Poland's part in the Norwegian and French Campaigns, the Battle of Britain, Polish Intelligence Services, Military Radio Network, Feluccas, the creation of the Polish Parachute Brigade, the German invasion of the Soviet Union, the Bomber Offensive, the Katyn graves, Polish air crews in RAF Transport Command, Tehran, Polish Wings in the 2nd Tactical Air Force, the Bardsea Plan, the invasion of Normandy, the Pierwsza Pancera, the Warsaw Uprising, Operation Freston, the disbanding of the Polish Home Army, and Yalta. A conclusion and several appendices (including a chronology, costs of the Polish forces based in the UK, list of Polish squadrons in UK, and the texts of Polish-British agreements) close the work.

Military Advising and Assistance

Military Advising and Assistance

Author: Donald Stoker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135988210

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 316

This volume presents a number of case studies of military advisors and missions in order to provide clear historical examples of the evolution, functioning and motives of foreign military advising in the modern era. Containing essays by US contributors covering a wide range of countries and spanning nearly 200 years of history, the case studies show the evolution of foreign military advising from ill-organized mercenary units, to professional, government-sponsored teams driven by a desire to cultivate political and economic influence, to Cold War tools for pursuing ideological aims, nation building, and modernization, to post-Cold War elements of alliance integration. Finally, the book highlights the increasing present-day role of private corporations, some of which provide complete military forces, thereby bringing the evolution of foreign military advising full circle. This book will be of interest to students of military history, civil-military relations, peacekeeping, security studies and political science in general.

The Eagle Unbowed

The Eagle Unbowed

Author: Halik Kochanski

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674071056

Category: History

Page: 782

View: 122

World War II gripped Poland as it did no other country. Invaded by Germany and the USSR, it was occupied from the first day of war to the last, and then endured 44 years behind the Iron Curtain while its wartime partners celebrated their freedom. The Eagle Unbowed tells, for the first time, the story of Poland’s war in its entirety and complexity.

Case White

Case White

Author: Robert Forczyk

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472834942

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 314

The German invasion of Poland on 1 September, 1939, designated as Fall Weiss (Case White), was the event that sparked the outbreak of World War II in Europe. The campaign has widely been described as a textbook example of Blitzkrieg, but it was actually a fairly conventional campaign as the Wehrmacht was still learning how to use its new Panzers and dive-bombers. The Polish military is often misrepresented as hopelessly obsolete and outclassed by the Wehrmacht, when in fact it was well-equipped with modern weapons and armour. Indeed, the Polish possessed more tanks than the British and had cracked the German Enigma machine cipher. Though the combined assault from Germany and the Soviet Union defeated Poland, it could not crush the Polish fighting spirit and thousands of soldiers and airmen escaped to fight on other fronts. The result of Case White was a brutal occupation, as Polish Slavs found themselves marginalized and later eliminated, paving the way for Hitler's vision of Lebensraum (living space) and his later betrayal and invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Using a wide array of sources, Robert Forczyk challenges the myths of Case White to tell the full story of the invasion that sparked history's greatest conflict.

World War II: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection [5 volumes]

World War II: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection [5 volumes]

Author: Spencer C. Tucker

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781851099696

Category: History

Page: 2471

View: 947

With more than 1,700 cross-referenced entries covering every aspect of World War II, the events and developments of the era, and myriad related subjects as well as a documents volume, this is the most comprehensive reference work available on the war. • Provides a clear understanding of the causes of World War II, reaching back to World War I and the role of the Western democracies in its origin • Examines home front developments in major countries during the war, such as race and gender relations in the United States • Recognizes the important roles played by women in the war and describes how the United States mobilized its economy and citizenry for total war • Discusses the Holocaust and establishes responsibility for this genocide • Details the changing attitudes toward the war as expressed in film and literature