Polarized Sources and Targets

Polarized Sources and Targets

Author: Tomohiro Uesaka

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812770653

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 984

Polarized beams and targets have been irreplaceable tools in nuclear and particle physics experiments for a long time and have provided us rich information on the role played by spin-degrees of freedom in the sub-nuclear world. In addition, techniques to obtain large nuclear polarization have recently been applied to new fields such as materials and medical sciences. The scope of these proceedings covers recent progress of state-of-the-art techniques in spin polarization, the cryogenic method, the atomic beam method, the optical pumping method and the nuclear reaction method.

Polarized Sources and Targets

Polarized Sources and Targets

Author: Vladimir P Derenchuk

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814488808

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 435

This book is an up-to-date survey of the science and technology of creating polarized beams and polarized targets. The papers in this collection describe state-of-the-art sources of polarized electrons, ions, atoms, neutrons, and radioactive isotopes, discuss new polarized solid and gas target techniques, present recent advances in polarimetry, and review the use of polarized gas in medical imaging. Contents:Polarized Gas TargetsPolarized Solid TargetsPolarized Electron SourcesPolarized Ion SourcesSources of Polarized NeutronsPolarimetryApplications and New TechniquesSummary Talk Readership: Graduate students, academics, researchers, accelerator laboratory scientists and engineers in high energy and nuclear physics. Keywords:Polarization;Polarized;Beam;Ion Source;Electron Source;Radioactive Ion;Atomic Beam;Target;Solid;Gas;Neutron;Polarimetry;Polarimeter;MRI

Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop Polarized Sources and Targets

Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop Polarized Sources and Targets

Author: Vladimir P. Derenchuk

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810249179

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 164

This book is an up-to-date survey of the science and technology of creating polarized beams and polarized targets. The papers in this collection describe state-of-the-art sources of polarized electrons, ions, atoms, neutrons, and radioactive isotopes, discuss new polarized solid and gas target techniques, present recent advances in polarimetry, and review the use of polarized gas in medical imaging.

Polarized Sources, Targets and Polarimetry

Polarized Sources, Targets and Polarimetry

Author: Giuseppe Ciullo

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814324915

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 702

This book collects the most recent experimental results, new ideas and prototypes in the field of nuclear gaseous and solid polarized targets and polarimetry. It contains the contribution of the biennial meeting on the topics of Polarized Sources, Targets and Polarimetry. Therefore includes the most recent developments and performances in the field and new proposals. The contributing authors are the experts of the field. The topics covered include: Polarized Electron Sources, Polarized Proton and Deuterium Sources, Polarized Internal Targets, Polarized 3He Ion Sources and Targets, Polarimetry (e, p, d) at Low and High Energy, Polarized antiprotons, Polarized Solid Targets.

Nuclear Physics with Polarized Particles

Nuclear Physics with Polarized Particles

Author: Hans Paetz gen. Schieck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642242250

Category: Science

Page: 187

View: 208

The measurement of spin-polarization observables in reactions of nuclei and particles is of great utility and advantage when the effects of single-spin sub-states are to be investigated. Indeed, the unpolarized differential cross-section encompasses the averaging over the spin states of the particles, and thus loses details of the interaction process. This introductory text combines, in a single volume, course-based lecture notes on spin physics and on polarized-ion sources with the aim of providing a concise yet self-contained starting point for newcomers to the field, as well as for lecturers in search of suitable material for their courses and seminars. A significant part of the book is devoted to introducing the formal theory—a description of polarization and of nuclear reactions with polarized particles. The remainder of the text describes the physical basis of methods and devices necessary to perform experiments with polarized particles and to measure polarization and polarization effects in nuclear reactions. The book concludes with a brief review of modern applications in medicine and fusion energy research. For reasons of conciseness and of the pedagogical aims of this volume, examples are mainly taken from low-energy installations such as tandem Van de Graaff laboratories, although the emphasis of present research is shifting to medium- and high-energy nuclear physics. Consequently, this volume is restricted to describing non-relativistic processes and focuses on the energy range from astrophysical energies (a few keV) to tens of MeV. It is further restricted to polarimetry of hadronic particles.

Polarized Ion Sources and Polarized Gas Targets

Polarized Ion Sources and Polarized Gas Targets

Author: L.W. Anderson

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: UOM:39015032479068

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 444

The subjects addressed in this volume of proceedings include: atomic beam polarized H and D targets; targets formed by evaporation of spin polarized HD; optically pumped H and D targets; atomic beam polarized ion sources; and target-machine interactions. The direction of future research is covered.

Handbook Of Accelerator Physics And Engineering (2nd Edition)

Handbook Of Accelerator Physics And Engineering (2nd Edition)

Author: Chao Alexander Wu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814415866

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 221

Edited by internationally recognized authorities in the field, this expanded and updated new edition of the bestselling Handbook, containing more than 100 new articles, is aimed at the design and operation of modern particle accelerators. It is intended as a vade mecum for professional engineers and physicists engaged in these subjects. With a collection of more than 2000 equations, 300 illustrations and 500 graphs and tables, here one will find, in addition to the common formulae of previous compilations, hard-to-find, specialized formulae, recipes and material data pooled from the lifetime experience of many of the world's most able practitioners of the art and science of accelerators.The eight chapters include both theoretical and practical matters as well as an extensive glossary of accelerator types. Chapters on beam dynamics and electromagnetic and nuclear interactions deal with linear and nonlinear single particle and collective effects including spin motion, beam-environment, beam-beam, beam-electron, beam-ion and intrabeam interactions. The impedance concept and related calculations are dealt with at length as are the instabilities associated with the various interactions mentioned. A chapter on operational considerations includes discussions on the assessment and correction of orbit and optics errors, real-time feedbacks, generation of short photon pulses, bunch compression, tuning of normal and superconducting linacs, energy recovery linacs, free electron lasers, cooling, space-charge compensation, brightness of light sources, collider luminosity optimization and collision schemes. Chapters on mechanical and electrical considerations present material data and important aspects of component design including heat transfer and refrigeration. Hardware systems for particle sources, feedback systems, confinement and acceleration (both normal conducting and superconducting) receive detailed treatment in a subsystems chapter, beam measurement techniques and apparatus being treated therein as well. The closing chapter gives data and methods for radiation protection computations as well as much data on radiation damage to various materials and devices.A detailed name and subject index is provided together with reliable references to the literature where the most detailed information available on all subjects treated can be found.

Spin 2004

Spin 2004

Author: Franco Bradamante

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814480482

Category: Science

Page: 1064

View: 820

This comprehensive volume covers the most recent advances in the field of spin physics, including the latest research in high energy and nuclear physics and the study of nuclear spin structure. The comprehensive coverage also includes polarized proton and electron acceleration and storage as well as polarized ion sources and targets. Many significant new results and achievements on the different topics considered at the symposium are presented in this book for the first time. Contents: Present Understanding of the Nucleon Spin Structure (A Metz)Understanding Transversity: Present and Future (V Barone)Results and Future Prospects for Muon (g - 2) (B L Roberts)First Results from RHIC Spin Program and Future Prospects (N Saito)Speculations in Hadron Spectroscopy (J M Richard)Nucleon Form Factors (K de Jager)Experimental Status of the GDH Sum Rule (H Arends)Polarized Structure Functions with Neutrino Beams (S Forte)Higher Twists Resummation in Inclusive and Semi-Inclusive Spin-Dependent DIS (O V Teryaev)A New Angular Momentum Sum Rule (E Leader)Single Spin Asymmetry Measurements for π0 Inclusive Productions in p + p↑ → π0 + X and π- + p↑ → π0+ X Reactions at 70 and 40 GeV Respectively (S B Nurushev)Polarisation in the eRHIC Electron (Positron) Ring (D P Barber)Polarisation Build Up in COMPASS 6LiD Target (J Koivuniemi)and other papers (a total of 170 contributions) Readership: Researchers and graduate students in spin physics, including experimental, theoretical and accelerator physics. Keywords:Spin;Fundamental Symmetries;QCD;Nuclear Physics;Hadronic Physics;Polarized Targerts;Polarized Beams;PolarimetryKey Features:

Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel

Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel

Author: Giuseppe Ciullo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319394718

Category: Science

Page: 154

View: 793

This book offers a detailed examination of the latest work on the potential of polarized fuel to realize the vision of energy production by nuclear fusion. It brings together contributions from nuclear physicists and fusion physicists with the aims of fostering exchange of information between the two communities, describing the current status in the field, and examining new ideas and projects under development. It is evident that polarized fuel can offer huge improvements for the first generation of fusion reactors and open new technological possibilities for future generations, including neutron lean reactors, which could be the most popular and sustainable energy production option to avoid environmental problems. Nevertheless, many questions must be resolved before polarized fuel can be used for energy production in the different reactor types. Readers will find this book to be a stimulating source of information on the key issues. It is based on contributions from leading scientists delivered at the meetings “Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Nucleons” (Trento, November 2013) and “PolFusion” (Ferrara, July 2015).