Revolutions in Physiology and Medicine

Revolutions in Physiology and Medicine

Author: Gabor M. Rubanyi

Publisher: Book Venture Publishing LLC

ISBN: 9781640692169

Category: Medical

Page: 234

View: 196

This book describes events, starting in 1980, that lead to a revolution in physiology and medicine by the recognition of the biological role played by the free radicals, nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (02-), and their ‘toxic’ combination, peroxynitrite (ONOO-).

The Physical and the Moral

The Physical and the Moral

Author: Elizabeth A. Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521524628

Category: Medical

Page: 306

View: 185

This book explores the tradition of the "science of man" in French medicine of the era 1750-1850, focusing on controversies about the nature of the "physical-moral" relation and their effects on the role of medicine in French society. Its chief purpose is to recover the history of a holistic tradition in French medicine that has been neglected, because it lay outside the mainstream themes of modern medicine, which include experimental, reductionist, and localistic conceptions of health and disease. Professor Williams also challenges existing historiography, which holds that the "anthropological" approach to medicine was a short-term by-product of the leftist politics of the French Revolution. This work argues instead that the medical science of man long outlived the revolution, that it spanned traditional ideological divisions, and that it reflected the shared aim of French physicians, whatever their politics, to claim broad cultural authority in French society.

The Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution

Author: Steven Shapin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226750217

Category: History

Page: 218

View: 737

Shapin claims that there was no such thing as the "Scientific Revolution," neither as a coherent chronological event nor as a movement in science. Instead he writes about how reformed practices of making the same observations led to the creation of "new" ideas.

The Therapeutic Revolution

The Therapeutic Revolution

Author: Morris J. Vogel

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9781512819151

Category: Medical

Page: 284

View: 912

This book is not about one glorious triumph after another, nor is it a series of complaints about doctors and hospitals. Rather, these essays examine American medicine within its context, sensitive to the role of medical knowledge, practitioners, and institutions in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The selections not only cover general considerations of the social and cultural context in which American medicine developed but also analyze the relationship between science and medicine, the development of mental hospitals, nursing, and health insurance.

The Scientific Revolution in Victorian Medicine

The Scientific Revolution in Victorian Medicine

Author: A.J. Youngson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429670664

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 832

Originally published 1979 The Scientific Revolution in Victorian Medicine looks at the discovery of inhalation anaesthesia in 1846, and how it began a new era in surgery. The book looks at James Young Simpson’s demonstration of the value of chloroform as an anaesthetic, and how many surgeons quickly adopted it. The book also looks at the dangers of chloroform if mishandled and only after considerable controversy and numerous fatalities was its use thoroughly understood and established. Ten years later an even more lengthy struggle began over antiseptic surgery. The ‘germ’ theory, on which Lister’s technique was founded had few adherents among British surgeons, and his methods were deemed absurdly complicated. He was opposed and sometimes ridiculed by the most distinguished men in the profession, including Simpson. Over ten years were required to persuade the majority of British surgeons that Lister did actually achieve the results which he claimed and that it was possible for a competent surgeon to do equally well, if only he would take the trouble. This book shows that a great many factors interacted in delaying the introduction of these new ideas. The almost wholly unscientific nature of British medical education and practice before 1860 or 1870, detailed in the first chapter, was one factor; rivalry and distrust between London and Scotland was another. Genuine disadvantages in the new methods were not unimportant either, while personal animosities failure to face the facts, and fear of the unknowable consequences of change all played a significant part.

The Medical Revolution of the Seventeenth Century

The Medical Revolution of the Seventeenth Century

Author: Roger French

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521355109

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 368

This consideration of the underlying forces which helped to produce a revolution in 17th century medicine sets out to show how, in the period between 1630 and 1730, medicine came to represent something more than a marginal activity and was influenced by the current developments of the day.

Cabanis

Cabanis

Author: Martin S. Staum

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400857029

Category: Philosophy

Page: 444

View: 986

A physician and spokesman for the French Ideologues, Pierre-JeanGeorges Cabanis (1757-1808) stands at the crossroads of several influential developments in modern culture--Enlightenment optimism about human perfectibility, the clinical method in medicine, and the formation and adaptation of liberal social ideals in the French Revolution. This first major study of Cabanis in English traces the influences of these developments on his thought and career. Originally published in 1980. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Biomarker

Biomarker

Author: Tapan Khan

Publisher: IntechOpen

ISBN: 9535105779

Category: Medical

Page: 404

View: 975

Clinicians, scientists, and health care professionals use biomarkers or biological markers as a measure of a person’s present health condition or response to interventions. An ideal -biomarker should have the following criteria: (I) ability to detect fundamental features of the disease, (II) ability to differentiate from other closely related diseases, (III) ability to detect early stages and stages of progression, (IV) the method should be highly reliable, easy to perform and inexpensive, and (V) sample sources should be easily accessible from body. Most of the chapters in this book follow the basic principle of biomarkers.