Rural Development in a Changing World

Rural Development in a Changing World

Author: Yehuda H. Landau

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: UCAL:B4293728

Category: Architecture

Page: 616

View: 412

The subject of rural development, as distinct from agricultural development, is explored in this book by an international and distinguished group of professionals in various fields. It is the first time that the many specific aspects of contemporary rural development have been brought together in one volume. Moreover, each subject is discussed in two contexts: that of the advanced countries and that of the developing ones, an arrangement which may shed some light on the question of how and to what extent the experience of one can influence the other. The importance of rural development for developing countries cannot be underestimated. The fact that the majority of the labor force in these countries is engaged in food production on a subsistence level leaves little doubt that rural development is the cornerstone of national growth. Not only does this book elucidate the many problems facing agricultural countries, but it hopes to provide guidelines for their possible solutions. Chapters in the first part of the book are organized under the headings: Rural Development&-Policies and Planning; Agriculture and Industry; Rural-Urban Relationship; The Farm Unit; Agrarian Reform and Cooperative Institutions; Extension Services; and Implementation of Rural Development. The remainder of the book consists of eight case studies of agricultural and urban development in the United States, the Netherlands, Italy, Israel, Greece, Mexico, the Sudan, and Ceylon.

Technological Change and Rural Development in Poor Countries

Technological Change and Rural Development in Poor Countries

Author: Kartik Chandra Roy

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: MINN:31951D01093038P

Category: Agricultural innovations

Page: 188

View: 563

Rural development is a subject that appears to be plagued by a central paradox: development is necessary to alleviate rural poverty, but while new technology has raised agricultural output, it has also increased the suffering of millions of poor landless families in many Third World countries. The rural poor, especially women, have been marginalized; urban migrants have become desperate unemployed squatters, not well-paid industrial workers; and environmental degradation has proved severe. The authors argue that many development programmes go awry because the authorities neglect essential development issues. Development must be defined in terms of the provision of basic human needs which include life expectancy, infant mortality, and literacy indicators which reflect the quality of life of the bulk of the population, not just a narrow elite. What they suggest is that the issues neglected by the conventional approach must be addressed if true development is to occur.

A Systematic Review of Rural Development Research

A Systematic Review of Rural Development Research

Author: Neus Evans

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319172842

Category: Medical

Page: 63

View: 232

Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through policies and programs aimed at enhancing the livelihoods of people living in rural regions. In recognition of the important roles that research can play in rural development, a range of systematic literature reviews have rightly examined key priorities in rural development including education, gender, economic development (especially agriculture), and health and nutrition (see Department for International Development [DFID], 2011). However, none of these works has systematically examined the extent to which rural development as a field of research is progressing towards facilitating sustainable change. This book evaluates trends in rural development research across the five continental regions of the world. Specifically, it assesses the total publication output relating to rural development, the types of publications, their quality and impact over the last three decades. Additionally, it evaluates the continental origins of the publications as well as the extent to which such publications engage with issues of sustainability. The aim is to determine whether the rural development field is growing in a manner that reflects research and policy priorities and broader social trends such as sustainability. Development policy makers, practitioners, those teaching research methods and systematic literature reviews to undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in general will find the book both topical and highly relevant.