Rural Roots of Reform Before China's Conservative Change

Rural Roots of Reform Before China's Conservative Change

Author: Lynn T. White III

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351247672

Category: Political Science

Page: 380

View: 910

China’s economic and military rise dominates discussions of the world’s most populous country. Resilient authoritarian government is credited with great successes, but this book expands the discourse to include governance by village heads - who often ignored central politicians. Chinese reforms for prosperity started circa 1970 under rural and suburban leaders. They could act autonomously then because of unexpected political and technological opportunities. Their localization of power eroded socialist controls. Since 1990, central leaders have tried to reverse reforms made by resilient local bosses. New findings, especially from the Yangzi delta around Shanghai, challenge the top-down approach to thinking about governance. As Deng Xiaoping admitted, the nation’s spurt of prosperity began in local communities rather than Beijing. Reforms for triple-cropping and rural industrialization started long before Mao’s death (not in 1978, the date most writers cite). Country factories competed with state industries for materials and markets. Shortages by the 1980s led to inflation, government deficits, unofficial credit, unenforceable planning, illegal migrations, then international exports - and severe political tensions. After 1990, Party leaders sought policies to build a Leninist regime that is mostly post-socialist. These reactionary changes have lasted into the era of Xi Jinping. China’s reforms and subsequent changes can be understood as results of unintended situations not just ideas, and local not just central politics. This book will interest students and scholars of Chinese, as well as any readers who wonder about comparative development.

A Small Farm Future

A Small Farm Future

Author: Chris Smaje

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 9781603589031

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 912

In a time of looming uncertainties, what would a truly resilient society look like? In a groundbreaking debut, farmer and social scientist Chris Smaje argues that organising society around small-scale farming offers the soundest, sanest and most reasonable response to climate change and other crises of civilisation—and will yield humanity’s best chance at survival. Drawing on a vast range of sources from across a multitude of disciplines, A Small Farm Future analyses the complex forces that make societal change inevitable; explains how low-carbon, locally self-reliant agrarian communities can empower us to successfully confront these changes head on; and explores the pathways for delivering this vision politically. Challenging both conventional wisdom and utopian blueprints, A Small Farm Future offers rigorous original analysis of wicked problems and hidden opportunities in a way that illuminates the path toward functional local economies, effective self-provisioning, agricultural diversity and a shared earth.

People's China

People's China

Author: Craig Dietrich

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UOM:39015032881818

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 196

This standard text has been updated to take into account China's increasing economic liberalization along with its continuing authoritarianism in the late 1990's. Beginning with the sweeping changes which occurred when Mao Zedong and the Communists defeated Chiang Kai-shek in 1949 and took over a China which was still reeling from World War II, People's China introduces us to the unique characters and events which have shaped recent Chinese history. With remarkable economy, People's China chronologically unpacks the essential story of modern China -- the historical background, the ideologies, the grand economic achievements, and the cruel repression.

China: A History

China: A History

Author: Harold Miles Tanner

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872209152

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 836

A deep and rigorous, yet eminently accessible introduction to the political, social, and cultural development of imperial Chinese civilisation, this volume develops a number of important themes -- such as the ethnic diversity of the early empires -- that other editions omit entirely or discuss only minimally. Includes a general introduction, chronology, bibliography, illustrations, maps, and an index.

China: A History (Volume 2)

China: A History (Volume 2)

Author: Harold M. Tanner

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9781603843027

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 885

Available in one or two volumes, this accessible, yet rigorous, introduction to the political, social, and cultural history of China provides a balanced and thoughtful account of the development of Chinese civilization from its beginnings to the present day. Each volume includes ample illustrations, a full complement of maps, a chronological table, extensive notes, recommendations for further reading and an index. Volume 1: From Neolithic Cultures through the Great Qing Empire (10,000 BCE—1799). Volume 2: From the Great Qing Empire through the People's Republic of China (1644—2009).

Property Rights and Changes in China

Property Rights and Changes in China

Author: Qiren Zhou

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811598852

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 250

This book is selection of author’s articles about China’s reform and development. The earliest article of the anthology was written in 1986 and the latest in 2017. The author studies the changes in property rights and system based on the practical experience of China’s reform. In the first article “Economics in the Real World”, the author expounds on Coasean Economics’ Research Method which is “neither fashionable nor popular” and finds out problems from the fascinating real world. It focuses on researching the constraint conditions and strives to have cognition generalized. Guided by this methodology, all the following articles are about empirical research on China’s reform, involving such fields as farmland reform, reform of state-owned enterprises, medical reform, urban-rural relationship, monetary system and regulatory reform. In the concluding article “Institutional Cost and China’s Economy”, the author, gives a new interpretation for the economic logic of the high-speed growth and transformation of China’s economy by redefining concepts. Reading the anthology, readers may not only follow the author’s train of thought to have an overview of the surging and magnificent reform course from small clues to the evident, but also have a broader train of thought on studying and comprehending the practical problems of China.

A Bitter Revolution

A Bitter Revolution

Author: Rana Mitter

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780192803412

Category: History

Page: 357

View: 988

Explains how China's transition from the pre-modern to modern world began on May 4, 1919, when outrage over a Paris peace conference led to a widespread protest led by forward-thinking youth that left a lasting impact in the following decades.

China's Deep Reform

China's Deep Reform

Author: Lowell Dittmer

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9780742573178

Category: Political Science

Page: 532

View: 922

China's rapid and complex political and socioeconomic changes provide fertile ground for pioneering analysis, but they also present daunting theoretical and practical challenges. This reader takes up the challenge, offering the most comprehensive assessment of Chinese domestic politics available by bringing together the best recent scholarship in the field. The anthology focuses on the origin, content, and significance of the post-1989 phase of China's reform and opening to the world, commonly known in the PRC as "deep reform." This period has been unfolding in interaction with globalization, marketization, privatization, political institutionalization, as well as with financial and legal changes. Deep reform includes new policy initiatives that have penetrated political, legal, economic, and social sectors untouched by previous initiatives as reformers have been forced to deal with the consequences—intended and unintended—of earlier reforms. These carefully selected essays by leading scholars have been revised and updated for this text. In addition, a substantive introduction and conclusion place the articles in their broader context for readers new to the subject. With the successful transition of the leadership of the party, state, and military since 2002, the time is ripe for a comprehensive evaluation of China's deep reform as it enters a new stage. This timely reader will offer students, scholars, and policymakers invaluable insights into the dynamics of change in one of the world's emerging political and economic dynamos. Contributions by: Marc Blecher, Bruce J. Dickson, Lowell Dittmer, Joseph Fewsmith, Ting Gong, Baogang Guo, William Hurst, Cheng Li, Guoli Liu, Andrew J. Nathan, Kevin J. O'Brien, Veronica Pearson, Randall Peerenboom, Yingyi Qian, Tony Saich, Tianjian Shi, Edward S. Steinfeld, Shaoguang Wang, Lynn White, Yu-Shan Wu, and Guobin Yang

Conservative Thought in Contemporary China

Conservative Thought in Contemporary China

Author: Peter R. Moody

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739120468

Category: Political Science

Page: 231

View: 693

Conservative Thought in Contemporary China examines the evolution of conservative politics in China, which has become increasingly present following the death of Mao Zedong in 1978. Peter Moody traces the roots of conservatism through the imperial system, the Republican period, and the pre-Cultural Revolution People's Republic, all of which influence contemporary Chinese politics. The most direct programmatic form of conservativism has been neo-conservativism politics, which formed during the Jiang Zemin regime and persists to the present age in a diluted version. This book demonstrates that conservative thought is a consequence of relatively broad cultural and economic liberty, China's resentment of American arrogance, and a fear of the social turmoil generated as a by-product of liberal economic reforms. Moody critically analyzes the influence of antipolitics and traditional values on the current ideology of Chinese politicians and citizens. Conservative Thought in Contemporary China is a insightful text that will captivate those interested in Chinese studies and political theory.

Changing Central-local Relations In China

Changing Central-local Relations In China

Author: eter Tsan-Yin Chung

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429710711

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 295

This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of the profound changes in Chinas central-local relations since the late 1970s. Lending insight into a crucial component of Chinas current political economy and the transformation of state socialism, the contributors challenge conventional wisdom that state power rests in the traditional dichotomy of st

Private Enterprises in Rural China

Private Enterprises in Rural China

Author: Ole Odgaard

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015028466277

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 542

Analyzes how private enterprises have gradually gained momentum and are now a cornerstone in China's rural transformation. The text also presents field study results on how these household-based enterprises affect local community development.