String Theory in a Nutshell

String Theory in a Nutshell

Author: Elias Kiritsis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691155791

Category: Science

Page: 882

View: 166

The essential introduction to modern string theory—now fully expanded and revised String Theory in a Nutshell is the definitive introduction to modern string theory. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities on the subject, this concise and accessible book starts with basic definitions and guides readers from classic topics to the most exciting frontiers of research today. It covers perturbative string theory, the unity of string interactions, black holes and their microscopic entropy, the AdS/CFT correspondence and its applications, matrix model tools for string theory, and more. It also includes 600 exercises and serves as a self-contained guide to the literature. This fully updated edition features an entirely new chapter on flux compactifications in string theory, and the chapter on AdS/CFT has been substantially expanded by adding many applications to diverse topics. In addition, the discussion of conformal field theory has been extensively revised to make it more student-friendly. The essential one-volume reference for students and researchers in theoretical high-energy physics Now fully expanded and revised Provides expanded coverage of AdS/CFT and its applications, namely the holographic renormalization group, holographic theories for Yang-Mills and QCD, nonequilibrium thermal physics, finite density physics, and entanglement entropy Ideal for mathematicians and physicists specializing in theoretical cosmology, QCD, and novel approaches to condensed matter systems An online illustration package is available to professors

Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists

Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists

Author: A. Zee

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691162690

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 464

A concise, modern textbook on group theory written especially for physicists Although group theory is a mathematical subject, it is indispensable to many areas of modern theoretical physics, from atomic physics to condensed matter physics, particle physics to string theory. In particular, it is essential for an understanding of the fundamental forces. Yet until now, what has been missing is a modern, accessible, and self-contained textbook on the subject written especially for physicists. Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists fills this gap, providing a user-friendly and classroom-tested text that focuses on those aspects of group theory physicists most need to know. From the basic intuitive notion of a group, A. Zee takes readers all the way up to how theories based on gauge groups could unify three of the four fundamental forces. He also includes a concise review of the linear algebra needed for group theory, making the book ideal for self-study. Provides physicists with a modern and accessible introduction to group theory Covers applications to various areas of physics, including field theory, particle physics, relativity, and much more Topics include finite group and character tables; real, pseudoreal, and complex representations; Weyl, Dirac, and Majorana equations; the expanding universe and group theory; grand unification; and much more The essential textbook for students and an invaluable resource for researchers Features a brief, self-contained treatment of linear algebra An online illustration package is available to professors Solutions manual (available only to professors)

The Emergence of Spacetime in String Theory

The Emergence of Spacetime in String Theory

Author: Tiziana Vistarini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134842339

Category: Philosophy

Page: 142

View: 425

The nature of space and time is one of the most fascinating and fundamental philosophical issues which presently engages at the deepest level with physics. During the last thirty years this notion has been object of an intense critical review in the light of new scientific theories which try to combine the principles of both general relativity and quantum theory—called theories of quantum gravity. This book considers the way string theory shapes its own account of spacetime disappearance from the fundamental level.

String Field Theory

String Field Theory

Author: Harold Erbin

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030653217

Category: Mathematical physics

Page: 424

View: 497

This textbook provides an introduction to string field theory (SFT). String theory is usually formulated in the worldsheet formalism, which describes a single string (first-quantization). While this approach is intuitive and could be pushed far due to the exceptional properties of two-dimensional theories, it becomes cumbersome for some questions or even fails at a more fundamental level. These motivations have led to the development of SFT, a description of string theory using the field theory formalism (second-quantization). As a field theory, SFT provides a rigorous and constructive formulation of string theory. The main focus of the book is the construction of the closed bosonic SFT. The accent is put on providing the reader with the foundations, conceptual understanding and intuition of what SFT is. After reading this book, the reader is able to study the applications from the literature. The book is organized in two parts. The first part reviews the notions of the worldsheet theory that are necessary to build SFT (worldsheet path integral, CFT and BRST quantization). The second part starts by introducing general concepts of SFT from the BRST quantization. Then, it introduces off-shell string amplitudes before providing a Feynman diagrams interpretation from which the building blocks of SFT are extracted. After constructing the closed SFT, the author outlines the proofs of several important properties such as background independence, unitarity and crossing symmetry. Finally, the generalization to the superstring is also discussed.

Advanced Concepts in Particle and Field Theory

Advanced Concepts in Particle and Field Theory

Author: Tristan Hübsch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316368763

Category: Science

Page:

View: 652

Uniting the usually distinct areas of particle physics and quantum field theory, gravity and general relativity, this expansive and comprehensive textbook of fundamental and theoretical physics describes the quest to consolidate the basic building blocks of nature, by journeying through contemporary discoveries in the field, and analysing elementary particles and their interactions. Designed for advanced undergraduates and graduate students and abounding in worked examples and detailed derivations, as well as including historical anecdotes and philosophical and methodological perspectives, this textbook provides students with a unified understanding of all matter at the fundamental level. Topics range from gauge principles, particle decay and scattering cross-sections, the Higgs mechanism and mass generation, to spacetime geometries and supersymmetry. By combining historically separate areas of study and presenting them in a logically consistent manner, students will appreciate the underlying similarities and conceptual connections to be made in these fields.

Supergravity

Supergravity

Author: Daniel Z. Freedman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139642859

Category: Science

Page:

View: 701

Supergravity, together with string theory, is one of the most significant developments in theoretical physics. Written by two of the most respected workers in the field, this is the first-ever authoritative and systematic account of supergravity. The book starts by reviewing aspects of relativistic field theory in Minkowski spacetime. After introducing the relevant ingredients of differential geometry and gravity, some basic supergravity theories (D=4 and D=11) and the main gauge theory tools are explained. In the second half of the book, complex geometry and N=1 and N=2 supergravity theories are covered. Classical solutions and a chapter on AdS/CFT complete the book. Numerous exercises and examples make it ideal for Ph.D. students, and with applications to model building, cosmology and solutions of supergravity theories, it is also invaluable to researchers. A website hosted by the authors, featuring solutions to some exercises and additional reading material, can be found at www.cambridge.org/supergravity.

String Theory in Curved Space Times

String Theory in Curved Space Times

Author: N Sánchez

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814545006

Category:

Page: 500

View: 230

The main goal and impact of modern string theory is to provide a consistent quantum theory of gravity. This book provides an updated collection of original new developments and fundamental research in string theory in connection with gravity and physics at the Planck energy scale. Topics treated in this volume by pioneering researchers in the field include: classical and quantum string dynamics in strong gravitational fields, space-time singularities, black holes and cosmological backgrounds; particle and string scattering at the Planck energy scale; string cosmology and its observational consequences; the new features of multistrings and of quantum particle transmutation for strings in curved spacetimes. The book deals with (i) the several new methods developed to solve the highly nonlinear string dynamics in curved spactimes: approximative perturbative methods, asymptotic expansions, exact local expansions and exact global (over the whole world sheet) string solitonic solutions, (ii) the string energy momentum tensor and the equation of state for the string matter, the stretching of the string size in spacetimes with event horizons and near spacetime singularities, (iii) the canonical and semiclassical quantization of strings in curved spacetimes and the physical effects found for: the mass spectrum, structure of levels, scattering amplitudes, number operator and particle transmutation. Contents:String Theory in Cosmological Spacetimes (H J de Vega & N Sánchez)Evolution of a String Network in Backgrounds with Rolling Horizons (M Gasperini, M Giovannini, K A Meissner & G Veneziano)Particle Transmutation and Fermion Number Violation from the Scattering of Strings and Superstrings in Curved Spacetimes (H J de Vega, M Ramón Medrano & N Sánchez)Particle and String Scattering at the Planck Scale (C O Lousto & N Sánchez)Strings in Curved Spacetimes: The Null String Approach (H J de Vega & A Nicolaidis)Strings and Multi-Strings in Black Hole and Cosmological Spacetimes (A L Larsen & N Sánchez)Integrable Field Theories (C Destri & H J de Vega)Von Neumann and Shannon-Wehrl Entropy for Squeezed States and Cosmological Particle Production (M Gasperini & M Giovannini)Preheating and Reheating in Inflationary Cosmology: A Pedagogical Review (D Boyanovsky, H J de Vega, R Holman & J F J Salgado)Circular Strings and Multi-Strings in de Sitter and Anti de Sitter Spacetimes (H J de Vega, A L Larsen & N Sánchez)The Two-Dimensional Stringy Black Hole: A New Approach and a New Effect (H J de Vega, J Ramírez Mittelbrun, M Ramón Medrano & N Sánchez)Relic Gravitons from the Pre-Big Bang: What We Know and What We Do Not Know (M Gasperini)Classical Splitting of Fundamental Strings (H J de Vega, J Ramírez Mittelbrun, M Ramón Medrano & N Sánchez)Cosmic Strings and Black Holes (A L Larsen)Strings Next To and Inside Black Holes (H J de Vega & I L Egusquiza)String Dynamics in Cosmological and Black Hole Backgrounds: The Null String Expansion (C O Lousto & N Sánchez)The Black Hole: Scatterer, Absorber and Emitter of Particles (N Sánchez)Une Approche du Temps et des Fréquences. Vers le Mètre et la Seconde (S Débarbat & M Granveaud) Readership: Researchers in string theory, cosmology and particle physics. Keywords:String;Superstring;Inflation;Cosmology;Black Hole

String Theory For Dummies

String Theory For Dummies

Author: Andrew Zimmerman Jones

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470467244

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 967

A clear, plain-English guide to this complex scientific theory String theory is the hottest topic in physics right now, with books on the subject (pro and con) flying out of the stores. String Theory For Dummies offers an accessible introduction to this highly mathematical "theory of everything," which posits ten or more dimensions in an attempt to explain the basic nature of matter and energy. Written for both students and people interested in science, this guide explains concepts, discusses the string theory's hypotheses and predictions, and presents the math in an approachable manner. It features in-depth examples and an easy-to-understand style so that readers can understand this controversial, cutting-edge theory.