Studying Animal Languages Without Translation: An Insight from Ants

Studying Animal Languages Without Translation: An Insight from Ants

Author: Zhanna Reznikova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319449180

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 399

The Author of this new volume on ant communication demonstrates that information theory is a valuable tool for studying the natural communication of animals. To do so, she pursues a fundamentally new approach to studying animal communication and “linguistic” capacities on the basis of measuring the rate of information transmission and the complexity of transmitted messages. Animals’ communication systems and cognitive abilities have long-since been a topic of particular interest to biologists, psychologists, linguists, and many others, including researchers in the fields of robotics and artificial intelligence. The main difficulties in the analysis of animal language have to date been predominantly methodological in nature. Addressing this perennial problem, the elaborated experimental paradigm presented here has been applied to ants, and can be extended to other social species of animals that have the need to memorize and relay complex “messages”. Accordingly, the method opens exciting new dimensions in the study of natural communications in the wild.

Field and Laboratory Methods in Animal Cognition

Field and Laboratory Methods in Animal Cognition

Author: Nereida Bueno-Guerra

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108355896

Category: Medical

Page:

View: 523

Would you ask a honeybee to point at a screen and recognise a facial expression? Or ask an elephant to climb a tree? While humans and non-human species may inhabit the same world, it's likely that our perceptual worlds differ significantly. Emphasising Uexküll's concept of 'umwelt', this volume offers practical advice on how animal cognition can be successfully tested while avoiding anthropomorphic conclusions. The chapters describe the capabilities of a range of animals - from ants, to lizards to chimpanzees - revealing how to successfully investigate animal cognition across a variety of taxa. The book features contributions from leading cognition researchers, each offering a series of examples and practical tips drawn from their own experience. Together, the authors synthesise information on current field and laboratory methods, providing researchers and graduate students with methodological advice on how to formulate research questions, design experiments and adapt studies to different taxa.

Studies in Ethnopragmatics, Cultural Semantics, and Intercultural Communication

Studies in Ethnopragmatics, Cultural Semantics, and Intercultural Communication

Author: Bert Peeters

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813299757

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 225

View: 838

This book is the second in a three-volume set that celebrates the career and achievements of Cliff Goddard, a pioneer of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage approach in linguistics. It focuses on meaning and culture, with sections on "Words as Carriers of Cultural Meaning" and "Understanding Discourse in Cultural Context". Often considered the most fully developed, comprehensive and practical approach to cross-linguistic and cross-cultural semantics, Natural Semantic Metalanguage is based on evidence that there is a small core of basic, universal meanings (semantic primes) that can be expressed in all languages. It has been used for linguistic and cultural analysis in such diverse fields as semantics, cross-cultural communication, language teaching, humour studies and applied linguistics, and has reached far beyond the boundaries of linguistics into ethnopsychology, anthropology, history, political science, the medical humanities and ethics.

When Animals Speak

When Animals Speak

Author: Eva Meijer

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479859351

Category: Nature

Page: 299

View: 905

Winner, 2020 ASCA Book Award, given by the Amsterdam School of Cultural Analysis A groundbreaking argument for the political rights of animals In When Animals Speak, Eva Meijer develops a new, ground-breaking theory of language and politics, arguing that non-human animals speak—and, most importantly, act—politically. From geese and squid to worms and dogs, she highlights the importance of listening to animal voices, introducing ways to help us bridge the divide between the human and non-human world. Drawing on insights from science, philosophy, and politics, Meijer provides fascinating, real-world examples of animal communities who use their voices to speak, and act, in political ways. When Animals Speak encourages us to rethink our relations with other animals, showing that their voices should be taken into account as the starting point for a new interspecies democracy.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 48

View: 167

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

The Dead Sea Scrolls In Context (2 vols)

The Dead Sea Scrolls In Context (2 vols)

Author: Armin Lange

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004194205

Category: Religion

Page: 1014

View: 227

With nearly all Dead Sea Scrolls published, this collection of essays integrates this very important corpus of ancient texts into the study of Hebrew Bible, ancient and rabbinic Judaism as well as early Christian and other ancient literatures, languages, and cultures.

The Software Arts

The Software Arts

Author: Warren Sack

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262039703

Category: Computers

Page: 401

View: 133

An alternative history of software that places the liberal arts at the very center of software's evolution. In The Software Arts, Warren Sack offers an alternative history of computing that places the arts at the very center of software's evolution. Tracing the origins of software to eighteenth-century French encyclopedists' step-by-step descriptions of how things were made in the workshops of artists and artisans, Sack shows that programming languages are the offspring of an effort to describe the mechanical arts in the language of the liberal arts. Sack offers a reading of the texts of computing—code, algorithms, and technical papers—that emphasizes continuity between prose and programs. He translates concepts and categories from the liberal and mechanical arts—including logic, rhetoric, grammar, learning, algorithm, language, and simulation—into terms of computer science and then considers their further translation into popular culture, where they circulate as forms of digital life. He considers, among other topics, the “arithmetization” of knowledge that presaged digitization; today's multitude of logics; the history of demonstration, from deduction to newer forms of persuasion; and the post-Chomsky absence of meaning in grammar. With The Software Arts, Sack invites artists and humanists to see how their ideas are at the root of software and invites computer scientists to envision themselves as artists and humanists.

The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Author: Kathryn J. Jeffery

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198515241

Category: Medical

Page: 350

View: 260

This book explores the relationship between cellular processes and animal behavior. It does this by focusing on the domain of navigation, bringing together scientists from either side of the brain-behavior divide in an attempt to explain the linkage between spatial behavior and the underlying activity of neurons. The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour is organized into two sections. Section one deals with the so-called "higher" levels of description - studies of spatial behavior and the brain areas that might underlie such behavior. The section begins with insects, remarkably sophisticated navigators, and ends with humans, examining along the way issues such as whether animal brains contain maps and whether spatial and non-spatial information interact, and if so, how? Section two delves further into the brain and focuses on the mammalian representations of space and the role of place cells. These issues have far wider ramifications that simply helping us to understand the process of navigation. This system might provide a model for how other forms of knowledge, beliefs and intentions are encoded in neurons. As such, the book will be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience, including ethologists, psychologists, behavioral neuroscientists, computational modelers, physiological neuroscientists and molecular biologists.

Pretending and Imagination in Animals and Children

Pretending and Imagination in Animals and Children

Author: Robert W. Mitchell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139439442

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 672

It is well known that children's activities are full of pretending and imagination, but it is less appreciated that animals can also show similar activities. Originally published in 2002, this book focuses on comparing and contrasting children's and animals' pretenses and imaginative activities. In the text, overviews of research present conflicting interpretations of children's understanding of the psychology of pretense, and describe sociocultural factors which influence children's pretenses. Studies of nonhuman primates provide examples of their pretenses and other simulative activities, explore their representational and imaginative capacities and compare their skills with children. Although the psychological requirements for pretending are controversial, evidence presented in this volume suggests that great apes and even monkeys may share capacities for imagination with children, and that children's early pretenses may be less psychological than they appear.