The Best of All Possible Worlds?

The Best of All Possible Worlds?

Author: Hernán D. Caro

Publisher: Brill's Studies in Intellectua

ISBN: 9004218467

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 637

Introduction -- The Theodicy and Leibniz's philosophical optimism -- Eternal truths, the choice of the best, and the almighty reality of sin : Budde and Knoerr's Doctrinae orthodoxae de origine mali (1712) -- A Jesuit attacks : Louis-Bertrand Castel's review of the Theodicy in the Journal de Trévoux (1737) -- Banning the best world, God's (supposed) freedom, and the principle of sufficient reason : Christian August Crusius's criticism of optimism (1745) -- The prize-contest on optimism of the Prussian Academy of Sciences : Adolf Friedrich Reinhard's Examen de l'optimisme (1755) -- Early counter-optimism : main arguments and the nature of the conflict -- Conclusions.

Theology and the Enlightenment

Theology and the Enlightenment

Author: Paul Avis

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567705679

Category: Religion

Page: 417

View: 887

Challenging the common assumption that the Enlightenment of the late seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries was an essentially secular, irreligious and atheistic movement, this book critiques this standard interpretation as based on a narrow view of Enlightenment sources. Building on the work of revisionist historians, this volume takes the argument squarely into the theological domain, whether Anglican, Dissenting, Lutheran or deistic, whilst also noting that the Enlightenment deeply affected Roman Catholic and Jewish theologies. It challenges the stereotype of 'Enlightenment rationalism', and the penultimate chapter brings out the biblical and ecclesial roots of the image of enlightenment and reclaims it for Christian faith.

Scriptures and the Guidance of Language

Scriptures and the Guidance of Language

Author: Steven Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108650724

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 620

In this book, Steven G. Smith focuses on the guidance function in language and scripture and evaluates the assumptions and ideals of scriptural religion in global perspective. He brings to language studies a new pragmatic emphasis on the shared modeling of life-in-the-world by communicators constantly depending on each other's guidance. Using concepts of axiality and axialization derived from Jaspers' description of the 'Axial Age', he shows the essential role of scripture in the historical progress of communicative action. This volume clarifies the formative power of scriptures in religions of the 'world religion' type and brings scripture into philosophy of religion as a major cross-cultural category of study, thereby helping philosophy of religion find a needed cross-cultural footing.

Christian August Crusius (1715–1775)

Christian August Crusius (1715–1775)

Author: Frank Grunert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110647563

Category: Philosophy

Page: 444

View: 889

On the basis of the Thomist and Pietist tradition, Christian August Crusius (1715–1775) elaborated a philosophically challenging and influential alternative to the philosophy of Christian Wolff. For the first time, this edited collection offers a rigorous overview of the work of the Leipzig-based philosopher and theologian.

Comparative Law and Multicultural Legal Classes: Challenge or Opportunity?

Comparative Law and Multicultural Legal Classes: Challenge or Opportunity?

Author: Csaba Varga

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030468989

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 246

This book discusses legal education in multicultural classes. Comparative law education is now widespread throughout the world, and there is a growing trend in developed countries toward teaching global law. Providing theoretical answers on how to describe each legal culture and tradition side-by-side, it also explores educational methodological options to address these aspects without causing offence or provoking tension within a multicultural student community. The book examines nine countries on three continents, bringing together academic views and educational insights from ten scholars in the field of comparative law.

General Reports of the XXth General Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law - Rapports généraux du XXème Congrès général de l'Académie internationale de droit comparé

General Reports of the XXth General Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law - Rapports généraux du XXème Congrès général de l'Académie internationale de droit comparé

Author: Katharina Boele-Woelki

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030486754

Category: Law

Page: 709

View: 187

This book explores convergences of legal doctrine despite jurisdictional, cultural and political barriers, as well as divergences due to such barriers, examining topics that are of vital importance to contemporary legal scholars. Written by leading experts from all continents, its 26 chapters present a comparative analysis of cutting-edge legal issues of the 21st century. While each of the countries covered stands alone as a sovereign state, in a technologically advanced world their disparate systems nonetheless show comparable strategies in dealing with complex legal issues. Several of the chapters show how, in addition to state normative production and state adjudication, a growing panoply of non-state instruments and non-state adjudication are becoming more and more central to the legal field. This book is a key addition to the library of any scholar wanting to keep abreast of the major trends in contemporary law. Representing the current state of law in a vast range of areas, it covers each topic from a comparative perspective. Cet ouvrage, en examinant des sujets d'une importance vitale pour les juristes contemporains, traite des convergences de la doctrine juridique malgré les barrières juridictionnelles, culturelles et politiques ainsi que des divergences dues à ces barrières. Écrits par d'éminents universitaires de tous les continents, ses 26 chapitres présentent une analyse comparative de sujets juridiques majeurs du 21e siècle. Dans un monde technologiquement avancé, bien que chaque pays analysé dans cet ouvrage demeure autonome en tant qu'État souverain, l’ensemble des systèmes disparates présente néanmoins des stratégies comparables pour traiter des questions juridiques complexes. En outre, plusieurs chapitres montrent comment, en plus de la production normative et de la résolution des différends étatiques, la panoplie croissante de différents types d'instruments non étatiques et de résolution non étatique des différends devient de plus en plus centrale dans la sphère juridique. Cet ouvrage est un ajout essentiel à la bibliothèque de tout universitaire souhaitant se tenir au courant des principales tendances du droit contemporain. Il couvre un vaste domaine de sujets traités d'un point de vue comparatif et représente l'état actuel du droit dans chaque domaine.

The Encyclodedia of Christianity, Vol. 5

The Encyclodedia of Christianity, Vol. 5

Author: Erwin Fahlbusch

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802824172

Category: Religion

Page: 897

View: 960

A monumental reference work that addresses the broad interest in Christianity and religion around the world describes the Christian faith and community in their myriad forms--today and throughout the two thousand years of Christian history.

Law and Evil

Law and Evil

Author: Ari Hirvonen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135268190

Category: Law

Page: 317

View: 277

Law and Evil opens, expands and deepens our understanding of the phenomenon of evil by addressing the theoretical relationship between this phenomenon and law. Hannah Arendt said 'the problem of evil will be the fundamental question of post-war intellectual life in Europe'. This statement is, unfortunately, more than valid in the contemporary world: not only in the events of war, crimes against humanity, terror, repression, criminality, violence, torture, human trafficking, and so on; but also as evil is used rhetorically to condemn these acts, to categorise their perpetrators, and to justify forcible measures, both in international and domestic politics and law. But what is evil? Evil as a concept is too often taken as something that is self-evident, something that is always already defined. Taking Kant’s concept of radical evil as a starting point, this volume counters such a tendency. Bringing together philosophical, political, and psychoanalytical perspectives, in analysing both the concept and the phenomenon of evil, the contributors to this volume offer a rich and thoroughgoing analysis of the multifaceted phenomenon of evil and its relationship to law.

Hope

Hope

Author: Simon Wortham

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350105287

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 376

A colourful map of the current conflict between pessimism and optimism in Western politics and theory, Hope attempts to reveal both the deep history and contemporary necessity of political hopefulness. Starting in the 17th century with Spinoza, Wortham tells the story of the various fallacies and insights of pessimism and optimism through the 18th century with the help of Kant and Voltaire through to the famously nihilistic writings of Nietzsche and the 20th century works of thinkers such as Benjamin, Arendt, Kristeva and Fanon (to name but a few). He explores the contemporary significance of ideas such as affirmation, sovereignty, violence, therapy, existentialism and, of course, the oft maligned notion of 'hopefulness' to create a politics of optimism which avoids the pitfalls of uncritical acceptance of the status quo or the newest political idea. Short chapters written in an engaging narrative manner enable the reader to follow the story of political optimism over the last 4 centuries inspiring a new way of thinking about the transformative uses of hopefulness.

Critical Practice from Voltaire to Foucault, Eagleton and Beyond

Critical Practice from Voltaire to Foucault, Eagleton and Beyond

Author: John E. O'Brien

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004260658

Category: Social Science

Page: 519

View: 604

Questioning the resistance to change of the West in constant crisis, and framed by early writings of Max Horkheimer and others, John E. O’Brien's historical-materialist method explores the contested perspectives of Voltaire, Schiller, Baudrillard, Foucault, Eagleton and Hayden White.