The Evolution of UN Sanctions

The Evolution of UN Sanctions

Author: Enrico Carisch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319600044

Category: Social Science

Page: 501

View: 712

Marking the 50th anniversary of UN sanctions, this work examines the evolution of sanctions from a primary instrument of economic warfare to a tool of prevention and protection against global conflicts and human rights abuses. The rise of sanctions as a versatile and frequently used tool to confront the challenges of armed conflicts, terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, is rooted in centuries of trial and error of coercive diplomacy. The authors examine the history of UN sanctions and their potential for confronting emerging and future threats, including: cyberterrorism and information warfare, environmental crimes, and corruption. This work begins with a historical overview of sanctions and the development of the United Nations system. It then explores the consequences of the superpowers' Cold War stalemate, the role of the Non-Aligned Movement, and the subsequent transformation from a blunt, comprehensive approach to smart and fairer sanctions. By calibrating its embargoes, asset freezes and travel bans, the UN developed a set of tools to confront the new category of risk actors: armed non-state actors and militias, global terrorists, arms merchants and conflict minerals, and cyberwarriors. Section II analyzes all thirty UN sanctions regimes adopted over the past fifty years. These narratives explore the contemporaneous political and security context that led to the introduction of specific sanctions measures and enforcement efforts, often spearheaded for good or ill by the permanent five members of the Security Council. Finally, Section III offers a qualitative analysis of the UN sanctions system to identify possible areas for improvements to the current Security Council structure dominated by the five veto-wielding victors of World War II. This work will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in criminal justice, particularly with an interest in security, as well as related fields such as international relations and political science.

The Evolution of UN Sanctions

The Evolution of UN Sanctions

Author: Enrico Carisch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319600055

Category: Social Science

Page: 501

View: 704

Marking the 50th anniversary of UN sanctions, this work examines the evolution of sanctions from a primary instrument of economic warfare to a tool of prevention and protection against global conflicts and human rights abuses. The rise of sanctions as a versatile and frequently used tool to confront the challenges of armed conflicts, terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, is rooted in centuries of trial and error of coercive diplomacy. The authors examine the history of UN sanctions and their potential for confronting emerging and future threats, including: cyberterrorism and information warfare, environmental crimes, and corruption. This work begins with a historical overview of sanctions and the development of the United Nations system. It then explores the consequences of the superpowers' Cold War stalemate, the role of the Non-Aligned Movement, and the subsequent transformation from a blunt, comprehensive approach to smart and fairer sanctions. By calibrating its embargoes, asset freezes and travel bans, the UN developed a set of tools to confront the new category of risk actors: armed non-state actors and militias, global terrorists, arms merchants and conflict minerals, and cyberwarriors. Section II analyzes all thirty UN sanctions regimes adopted over the past fifty years. These narratives explore the contemporaneous political and security context that led to the introduction of specific sanctions measures and enforcement efforts, often spearheaded for good or ill by the permanent five members of the Security Council. Finally, Section III offers a qualitative analysis of the UN sanctions system to identify possible areas for improvements to the current Security Council structure dominated by the five veto-wielding victors of World War II. This work will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in criminal justice, particularly with an interest in security, as well as related fields such as international relations and political science.

United Nations Sanctions and the Rule of Law

United Nations Sanctions and the Rule of Law

Author: Jeremy Matam Farrall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521141982

Category: Law

Page: 574

View: 295

The United Nations Security Council has increasingly resorted to sanctions as part of its efforts to prevent and resolve conflict. In this 2007 book, Farrall traces the evolution of the Security Council's sanctions powers and charts the contours of the UN sanctions system. He also evaluates the extent to which the Security Council's increasing commitment to strengthening the rule of law extends to its sanctions practice. The book identifies shortcomings in respect of key rule of law principles and advances pragmatic policy-reform proposals designed to ensure that UN sanctions promote, strengthen and reinforce the rule of law. In its appendices United Nations Sanctions and the Rule of Law contains summaries of all 25 UN sanctions regimes established to date by the Security Council. It forms an invaluable source of reference for diplomats, policymakers, scholars and advocates.

Research Handbook on UN Sanctions and International Law

Research Handbook on UN Sanctions and International Law

Author: Larissa van den Herik

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781784713034

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 315

The 1990s have been labeled the ‘Sanctions Decade’, since they witnessed an unprecedented intensification of the use of collective non-military enforcement measures, and in particular sanctions, by the post-Cold War reactivated Security Council. This Research Handbook studies the current practice of UN sanctions in international law, their interrelationship with other regimes and substantive areas of law, as well as issues arising from their implementation and application at the domestic level.

Imposing Sanctions on Violent Non-State Actors to Restore International Peace and Security

Imposing Sanctions on Violent Non-State Actors to Restore International Peace and Security

Author: Christopher Huber

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783658377441

Category: Political Science

Page: 175

View: 518

In the last decades, violent non-state actors (VNSAs) such as rebel and terrorist organizations have proved their capacity to break international law. The international community, particularly the United Nations (UN), has reacted to this development by redirecting its conflict resolution efforts to these non-state entities. This has turned targeted sanctions into one of the most vital and indispensable foreign policy tools available to the UN Security Council in combating terrorism and contributing to the peaceful resolution of (intra-state) conflicts. Despite the UN Security Council’s growing tendency to sanction VNSAs, there has been little research analyzing the effects of UN targeted sanctions on these non-government actors. This book seeks to fill this gap and shifts the focus on non-state actors by ascertaining the general mechanisms through and conditions under which UN targeted sanctions imposed on VNSAs tend to be effective. The tripartite empirical analysis combining quantitative and qualitative research methods demonstrates that the state-centric understanding of how sanctions work is not simply applicable to the effective sanctioning of violent non-state actors such as rebel and terrorist movements.

United Nations Financial Sanctions

United Nations Financial Sanctions

Author: Sachiko Yoshimura

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429522468

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 571

This book presents insightful perspectives on the invocation, implementation and application of UN-approved financial sanctions and related issues. With contributions from academics, diplomats and UN panel experts, Yoshimura offers an analysis of how the UN financial sanctions have evolved, the different roles of various major international actors in agreeing and deploying them, and their success in achieving desired outcomes. It also sheds light on a vital role of Japan in the formulation and deployment of financial sanctions, as the third largest economy in the world with very limited armed forces and a pacifist constitution. Offering valuable consideration into one of the key implements of international law, this is an essential guide for scholars and practitioners in Diplomacy and International Relations.

Murder of Diplomacy

Murder of Diplomacy

Author: Adeyemi Oshunrinade

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781449082505

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 753

Murder of Diplomacy is the historical account of how and why President George Bush, his war council, and allies launched a preemptive attack to topple Saddam Hussein and occupy Iraq. I had a first hand experience of the event that took place at the United Nations Security Council before the decision to invade Iraq; I started writing on the sanctions imposed on Iraq before the war, continued on as soon as the war began and stopped after President Bush declared the war ended. Almost five years after in 2010, Iraq is still a war zone and no weapon of mass destruction has been found however, I have decided to publish my account as it happened despite fact that many things have changed in Iraq since the invasion. You we read about why the United States and the whole world believed Saddam possessed WMD and why the war is still justified despite fact that no WMD has been found to date.Saddam failed to obey the United Nations resolutions and the world believed he possessed WMD. This book is an account of what happened in Iraq from the invasion till 2005 and it is the most precise account of the UN sanctions regimes. Murder of Diplomacy is part presidential history discussing the decisions made during 16 critical months; part military history revealing precise details and the evolution of the top secret war planning; part a thriller detailing the combat that took place as American soldiers launched the attack; part a spy story as the CIA dispatches its team into northern Iraq; and part a revelation of the meetings by world leaders at the United Nations. This is a book for students of research and those who want a true account of what actually happened before and during the invasion up until 2005.

Protecting the Individual from International Authority

Protecting the Individual from International Authority

Author: Monika Heupel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316764428

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 931

International organizations (IOs) develop institutional provisions to make sure that their policies do not violate human rights. Accordingly, whilst IOs have a greater scope of action and ability to promote collective goods than ever before, they also have a greater capacity to do harm. Based on ten case studies on UN and EU sanctions policy, UN and NATO peacekeeping, and World Bank and IMF lending, this book examines human rights violations which can arise from the actions of IOs rather than those of states. It further explains how powerful IOs have introduced human rights protection provisions and analyzes the features of these provisions, including differences in their design and quality. This book provides evidence of a novel legitimation strategy authoritative IOs draw on that has, as yet, never been systematically studied before.

UN Intervention Practices in Iraq

UN Intervention Practices in Iraq

Author: Kerstin Eppert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429785245

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 221

This book analyzes UN intervention discourses and practices in Iraq and develops a deconstructive approach to international interventions. Hitherto, most analyses of the conflict in Iraq in 2003 have established the UN’s role as path-dependent on the foreign policy of the US and the UK, and largely portrayed it as a mediator and fervent opponent of international intervention. Analyzing the UN Security Council and the later UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) from 2000 to 2010, this book undoes this path-dependency and puts the UN’s relationship with Iraq center-stage. It develops a deconstructive, critical approach that identifies subject construction and reflexivity as central processes of intervention practices and concludes that (non-)intervention is deeply connected to the stabilization of political identities and representations. Using extensive primary data, the book contributes a new perspective on international interventions. This book will be of much interest to students of peace and conflict studies, intervention and statebuilding, Middle Eastern studies and International Relations.

The Oxford Handbook of Jurisdiction in International Law

The Oxford Handbook of Jurisdiction in International Law

Author: Stephen Allen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191089374

Category: Law

Page: 700

View: 489

The Oxford Handbook of Jurisdiction in International Law provides an authoritative and comprehensive analysis of the concept of jurisdiction in international law. Jurisdiction plays a fundamental role in international law, limiting the exercise of legal authority over international legal subjects. But despite its importance, the concept has remained, until now, underdeveloped. Discussions of jurisdiction in international law regularly refer to classic heads of jurisdiction based on territoriality or nationality, or use the SS Lotus decision of the Permanent Court of International Justice as a starting point. However, traditional understandings of jurisdiction are facing new challenges. Globalization has increased the need for jurisdiction to be applied extraterritorially, non-State forms of law provide new theoretical challenges and intersections between different forms of jurisdiction have become more intricate. This Handbook provides a necessary re-examination of the concept of jurisdiction in international law through a thematic analysis of its history, its contemporary application, and how it needs to adapt to encompass future developments in international law. It examines some of the most contentious elements of jurisdiction by considering how the concept is being applied in specific substantive and institutional settings.

A Strategic Understanding of UN Economic Sanctions

A Strategic Understanding of UN Economic Sanctions

Author: Golnoosh Hakimdavar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136270598

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 105

Economic Sanctions are increasingly used as a legal, non-military technique of combating abusers of international peace. However it remains unclear how the success or failure of these sanctions is measured. This book examines the seldom-explored United Nations’ economic sanctions deliberation process and exposes systematic problems in the measurement of the success or failure of these sanctions. Centering on the key concepts of "peace and security," the author brings the reader’s attention to the discrepancies that exist in the process of decision-making, implementation, and evaluation of UN imposed economic sanctions. She engages international law and development methods to provide proof for the lack of consensus in measures of success and failure, which in turn suggests that sanction implementation on a uniform domestic front are unattainable. This thorough analysis concludes with suggestions for improving the sanctions process, only to clear the path for negating them as a whole and suggest alternative non-coercive measures for mitigating conflict situations and threats to peace and security.