The Logical Writings of Karl Popper

The Logical Writings of Karl Popper

Author: David Binder

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030949266

Category: Philosophy

Page: 552

View: 864

This open access book is the first ever collection of Karl Popper's writings on deductive logic. Karl R. Popper (1902-1994) was one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century. His philosophy of science ("falsificationism") and his social and political philosophy ("open society") have been widely discussed way beyond academic philosophy. What is not so well known is that Popper also produced a considerable work on the foundations of deductive logic, most of it published at the end of the 1940s as articles at scattered places. This little-known work deserves to be known better, as it is highly significant for modern proof-theoretic semantics. This collection assembles Popper's published writings on deductive logic in a single volume, together with all reviews of these papers. It also contains a large amount of unpublished material from the Popper Archives, including Popper's correspondence related to deductive logic and manuscripts that were (almost) finished, but did not reach the publication stage. All of these items are critically edited with additional comments by the editors. A general introduction puts Popper's work into the context of current discussions on the foundations of logic. This book should be of interest to logicians, philosophers, and anybody concerned with Popper's work.

Karl Popper's Science and Philosophy

Karl Popper's Science and Philosophy

Author:

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030670368

Category: Electronic books

Page: 363

View: 823

Of all philosophers of the 20th century, few built more bridges between academic disciplines than Karl Popper. He contributed to a wide variety of fields in addition to the epistemology and the theory of scientific method for which he is best known. This book illustrates and evaluates the impact, both substantive and methodological, that Popper has had in the natural and mathematical sciences. The topics selected include quantum mechanics, evolutionary biology, cosmology, mathematical logic, statistics, and cognitive science. The approach is multidisciplinary, opening a dialogue across scientific disciplines and between scientists and philosophers.

Karl Popper: Science

Karl Popper: Science

Author: Ian Charles Jarvie

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754657124

Category: Philosophy

Page: 316

View: 967

Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994) is one of the most controversial and widely read philosophers of the 20th century. Volume III examines Popper's contribution to our understanding of logic, mathematics, physics, biology and the social sciences, from economics to education

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134470020

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 568

Described by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such as the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as post-war philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day.

Karl Popper: A Centenary Assessment Volume I

Karl Popper: A Centenary Assessment Volume I

Author: Ian Charles Jarvie

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754653757

Category: Philosophy

Page: 295

View: 163

Sir Karl Popper (1902 1994) is one of the most controversial and widely read philosophers of the 20th century. His influence has been enormous in the fields of epistemology, logic, metaphysics, methodology of science, the philosophy of physics and biology, political philosophy, and the social sciences, and his intellectual achievement has stimulated many scholars in a wide range of disciplines. These three volumes of previously unpublished essays, which originate in the congress 'Karl Popper 2002' held in Vienna to mark the centenary of Popper's birth, provide an up-to-date examination of many aspects of Popper's life and thought. Volume 1 discusses a variety of topics in Popper's early intellectual history, and considers also some features of his remarkable influence outside philosophy. The second part of the volume contains papers that from different political perspectives tackle problems raised by Popper's principal contribution to political theory, democracy and community, "The Open Society and Its Enemies". Volume 2 deals especially with Popper's metaphysics and epistemology, including his proposal (critical rationalism) that it is through sharp criticism rather than through the provision of justification that our knowledge progresses. Several papers tackle the problem of the empirical basis, and offer decidedly different answers to some unresolved questions. The volume contains also a number of papers evaluating Popper's celebrated, but much contested, solution to Hume's problem of induction. Volume 3 examines Popper's contribution to our understanding of logic, mathematics, physics, biology, and the social sciences, from economics to education. Among the topics covered are: verisimilitude, quantum and statistical physics, the propensity interpretation of probability, evolutionary epistemology, the so-called Positivimusstreit, Popper's critique of Marx, and his defence of the rationality principle as a component of all social explanations.

In Search of a Better World

In Search of a Better World

Author: Karl R. Popper

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415135481

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 975

"In Search of a Better World is a collection of Popper's essays and lectures covering a range of subjects from the beginning of scientific speculation in classical Greece to the need for a new professional ethic based on the ideas of tolerance and intellectual responsibility. Popper discusses major figures of the Enlightenment sucha s Voiltaire and Kant, as well as logic of the social sciences and the role of science and self-criticism in the arts."--Back cover.

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

Author: Karl Raimund Popper

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415278449

Category: Philosophy

Page: 548

View: 720

When first published in 1959, this book revolutionized contemporary thinking about science and knowledge. It remains one of the most widely read books about science to come out of the 20th century.

Realism and the Aim of Science

Realism and the Aim of Science

Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135858957

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 718

Realism and the Aim of Science is one of the three volumes of Karl Popper’s Postscript to the Logic of scientific Discovery. The Postscript is the culmination of Popper’s work in the philosophy of physics and a new famous attack on subjectivist approaches to philosophy of science. Realism and the Aim of Science is the first volume of the Postcript. Popper here formulates and explains his non-justificationist theory of knowledge: science aims at true explanatory theories, yet it can never prove, or justify, any theory to be true, not even if is a true theory. Science must continue to question and criticise all its theories, even those that happen to be true. Realism and the Aim of Science presents Popper’s mature statement on scientific knowledge and offers important insights into his thinking on problems of method within science.

Karl Popper

Karl Popper

Author: Philip Catton

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415319706

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 512

A volume of insightful new essays by well-known philosophers re-evaluating the significance of Karl Popper's contribution to twentieth-century philosophy.

In Search of a Better World

In Search of a Better World

Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135975081

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 706

'I want to begin by declaring that I regard scientific knowledge as the most important kind of knowledge we have', writes Sir Karl Popper in the opening essay of this book, which collects his meditations on the real improvements science has wrought in society, in politics and in the arts in the course of the twentieth century. His subjects range from the beginnings of scientific speculation in classical Greece to the destructive effects of twentieth century totalitarianism, from major figures of the Enlightenment such as Kant and Voltaire to the role of science and self-criticism in the arts. The essays offer striking new insights into the mind of one of the greatest twentieth century philosophers.

Realism and the Aim of Science

Realism and the Aim of Science

Author: Karl Raimund Popper

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415084000

Category: Philosophy

Page: 466

View: 309

Realism and the Aim of Science is one of the three volumes of Karl Popper's Postscript to the Logic of scientific Discovery. The Postscript is the culmination of Popper's work in the philosophy of physics and a new famous attack on subjectivist approaches to philosophy of science. Realism and the Aim of Science is the first volume of the Postcript. Popper here formulates and explains his non-justificationist theory of knowledge: science aims at true explanatory theories, yet it can never prove, or justify, any theory to be true, not even if is a true theory. Science must continue to question and criticise all its theories, even those that happen to be true. Realism and the Aim of Science presents Popper's mature statement on scientific knowledge and offers important insights into his thinking on problems of method within science.

Summary of Karl Popper's The Logic of Scientific Discovery

Summary of Karl Popper's The Logic of Scientific Discovery

Author: Everest Media,

Publisher: Everest Media LLC

ISBN: 9798822502734

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 522

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The task of the logic of scientific discovery is to analyze the method of the empirical sciences. The methods of the empirical sciences are the steps that a scientist takes to test his hypotheses. #2 The problem of induction is the question of the validity of universal statements based on experience, such as the hypotheses and theoretical systems of the empirical sciences. People believe that the truth of these universal statements is known by experience, but it is clear that an account of an experience can only be a singular statement and not a universal one. #3 The principle of induction is a universal statement that is accepted by the whole of science. However, this does not mean that it is known from experience. The attempt to base the principle of induction on experience leads to an infinite regress. #4 The work of the scientist is to put forward and test theories. The initial stage, the act of conceiving or inventing a theory, seems to me to be neither susceptible of nor calling for logical analysis.