Trump and Iran

Trump and Iran

Author: Nader Entessar

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781498588874

Category:

Page: 289

View: 581

With the advent of the Trump Administration, relations between Iran and the United States have become increasingly conflictual to the point that a future war between the two countries is a realistic possibility. President Trump has unilaterally withdrawn the US from the historic Iran nuclear accord and has re-imposed the nuclear-related sanctions, which had been removed as a result of that accord. Reflecting a new determined US effort to curb Iran's hegemonic behavior throughout the Middle East, Trump's Iran policy has all the markings of a sharp discontinuity in the Iran containment strategy of the previous six US administrations. The regime change policy, spearheaded by a hawkish cabinet with a long history of antipathy toward the Iranian government, has become the most salient feature of US policy toward Iran under President Trump. This turn in US foreign policy has important consequences not just for Iran but also for Iran's neighbors and prospects of long-term stability in the Persian Gulf and beyond. This book seeks to examine the fluid dynamic of US-Iran relations in the Trump era by providing a social scientific understanding of the pattern of hostility and antagonism between Washington and Tehran and the resulting spiraling conflict that may lead to a disastrous war in the region.

Dealbreaker

Dealbreaker

Author: Scott Ritter

Publisher: SCB Distributors

ISBN: 9780999874769

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 800

The Iran nuclear deal was a crowning moment of international diplomacy, allowing the world to step away from the edge of a self-created abyss. Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from this agreement threatens to return the world to that precipice. Dealbreaker recounts how this deal was made, why it was broken, and what the consequences of that action could be. When the United States made the decision in the 1980s to deny Iran access to nuclear technology, Iran was forced to turn to the black market to get the material, technology and know-how required to meet its need for nuclear power generation, inclusive of the ability to indigenously produce nuclear fuel. The revelation of Iran’s secret nuclear program in 2002 set in motion a battle of wills between the Iranians, who viewed nuclear power as their inherent right, and the rest of the world, who feared the proliferation implications of allowing Iran access to technology that could be used to make a nuclear weapon. The United States and its ally, Israel, pulled no punches, using diplomatic pressure to impose crippling economic sanctions, and covert activities to sow disinformation, sabotage equipment and murder Iranian nuclear scientists in an effort to stop the Iranian nuclear program from going forward. Iran prevailed, confronting the United States with the choice of either going to war, or accepting the reality of an Iranian nuclear program. The Iranian nuclear deal was the result. But the deal had an Achilles heel—the disinformation campaign waged by the United States and Israel to paint the Iranian program as military in nature left a residue of uncertainty and fear that the detractors of the deal used to attack it as little more than a sham. Donald Trump decried the Iranian nuclear deal as a “failed agreement” and promised to tear it up if he were elected President. Trump prevailed in the election, and ended up being as good as his word, pulling America out of the Iranian nuclear deal on May 12, 2018. Dealbreaker explores the nuances of the Iranian nuclear program, exposing the duplicity and hypocrisy of American diplomacy, supported by Israel and abetted by Europe, that led to the need for the Iranian nuclear deal and eventually caused the demise of an agreement that was simultaneously “the deal of the century” and fatally flawed.

The Iran Nuclear Program

The Iran Nuclear Program

Author: John Mungai

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668911932

Category: Religion

Page: 5

View: 909

Essay from the year 2019 in the subject Orientalism / Sinology - Islamic Studies, grade: 3, Egerton University (teaching), course: Education, language: English, abstract: Iran nuclear threat continues to bring the world tension over the harshness and aggressiveness of the nation. The country has often made efforts to start a war within the region, and with it as a source of worlds energy through oil, it is a concern when it continues to threaten the peace and stability of the entire world. A large number of treaties have been put in place to attempt to help the situation such as the signing of various deals over the years to ensure peaceful co-existence, but the present action by the US government to withdraw from the Iran Deal threatens the continued stability within the region after several years. Iran has been able to threaten several countries within the area including stating an explicit threat to US allies such as Israel. The threat negatively indirectly influences the US as the country relies on Iran as a source of energy. Therefore, attempts to understand the role of US and other nations within the region towards eliminating the threat of Iran nuclear requires a deep understanding of the Iran nuclear program, the impact of US withdrawal from the JCPOA agreement and measures to deter the country from the acquisition of nuclear weapons.

The Trump Administration and International Law

The Trump Administration and International Law

Author: Harold Hongju Koh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190912208

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 161

Will Donald trump international law? Since Trump's Administration took office, this question has haunted almost every issue area of international law. One of our leading international lawyers-a former Legal Adviser of the US State Department, Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights, and Yale Law Dean-argues that President Trump has thus far enjoyed less success than many believe, because he does not own the pervasive "transnational legal process" that governs these issue areas. This book shows how those opposing Trump's policies during his administration's first two years have successfully triggered that process as part of a collective counter-strategy akin to Muhammad Ali's "rope-a-dope." The book surveys immigration and refugee law, human rights, climate change, denuclearization, trade diplomacy, relations with North Korea, Russia and Ukraine, America's "Forever War" against Al Qaeda and the Islamic State, and the ongoing tragedy in Syria. Koh's tour d'horizon illustrates the many techniques that players in the transnational legal process have used to blunt Trump's early initiatives. The high stakes of this struggle, and its broader implications for the future of global governance-now challenged by the rise of populist authoritarians-make this exhausting counter-strategy both worthwhile and necessary.

Behind Enemy Lies

Behind Enemy Lies

Author: Patrick Cockburn

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781839763960

Category: Political Science

Page: 353

View: 629

A journalistic account of Trump's wars in the Middle East from a highly acclaimed journalist who has been reporting on the area for decades In this urgent and timely book, Patrick Cockburn writes the first draft of the history of the current crisis in the Middle East. Here he charts the period from the recapture of Mosul in 2017 to Turkey's attack on Kurdish territory in November 2019, and recounts the new phase in the wars of disintegration that have plagued the region, leading to the assassination of Iranian General Sulemani. Cockburn offers panoramic on-the-ground analysis as well as a lifetime's study of the region. As author of The Rise of Islamic State, and the Age of Jihad, he has proved to be leading, critical commentator of US intervention and the chaos it has wrecked/ And here he shows how, since Trump entered the White House promising an end to the Forever War, peace appears a distant possibility with the continuation of conflict in Syria, Saudi Arabia's violent intervention in the Yemen, the fall of the Kurds, riots in Baghdad, and the continued aggression towards Iran. While ISIS has been defeated, it is not clear whether it has disappeared from the region. Trump's policies has appeared to pour petrol on the flames, emboldening the other superpowers involved in the proxy wars. Following the collapse of the deal with Iran, and the threat of war crimes, is a new balance of power possible?

Donald Trump's New World Order

Donald Trump's New World Order

Author: T. Hamid Al-Bayati

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press

ISBN: 9781683931836

Category: Political Science

Page: 353

View: 860

Donald Trump's New World Order addresses U.S. foreign policy initiatives during Mr. Trump’s Presidency, appeasing traditional enemies such as Russia and undermining allies such as NATO and the European Union. In the book, Ambassador T. Hamid Al-Bayati outlines, region by region, policy by policy, the administration’s misguided, and sometimes corrupt, initiatives and decisions, which could potentially lead to regional conflict and global war. Highlighted within the text are the administration’s relationships and interactions with Russia, China, North Korea, and the Middle East, as well as within the United States. The author’s critical review of Trump’s foreign policy includes the impact of trade wars, military escalation, and changing global relationships, Ambassador Al-Bayati paints a stark picture of the present standing of the U.S. and a dark future that looms on the horizon. Many experts agree that Trump’s foreign policy lacks coordination, consistency, and organization. Trump often contradicts himself and his supporting staff. Concerned Americans and U.S. allies struggle to find coherence in the Trump administration’s foreign policy. It zigs and zags, with senior administration officials saying one thing and President Trump contradicting them without warning the next day. It punishes U.S. allies and coddles U.S. adversaries; it privileges demagogy over democracy. Mr. Trump’s approach appears impulsive, improvisational and inchoate—devoid of clear purpose, values or even ideology. Ambassador Al-Bayati leaves nothing unexplored as he strives to organize and explain the current and future implications of Mr. Trump’s presidency and policy.

Two-Level Diplomacy and U.S.-Iran Policy. A Case Study Report

Two-Level Diplomacy and U.S.-Iran Policy. A Case Study Report

Author: Ariatani Wolff

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783346571106

Category: Political Science

Page: 10

View: 388

Academic Paper from the year 2021 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, University of Heidelberg (Institut für Politische Wissenschaft), course: US Foreign Policy Analysis, language: English, abstract: In this Case Study Report, the author examines the U.S.-Iran negotiations on a nuclear agreement, which serve as an empirical example of the Two-Level Games model the political scientist Robert Putnam introduced in 1988. At first, this paper provides a brief overview of the complex relationship between the USA and Iran, Putnam’s Theory and its suitability for this case. Secondly, it introduces the relevant actors, their goals and the respective domestic factors of both countries which had influenced the negotiations that finally led to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2015. Since then president Donald Trump withdrew from this nuclear agreement in 2018, it will examine the chances for a return to the deal/a new deal under the new Biden administration. In a short conclusion, the author sums up the results and comes to a final assessment of the current situation.

The Trump Doctrine and the Emerging International System

The Trump Doctrine and the Emerging International System

Author: Stanley A. Renshon

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030450502

Category: Political Science

Page: 398

View: 264

President Donald J. Trump’s “America First” outlook has inspired both enthusiasm and condemnation among different segments of the American population. This book examines the meaning and implications of that perspective, and how the Trump Administration has implemented it—or failed to do so. Contributors, subject-matter experts with diverse points of view, place the Trump Doctrine within the succession of presidential foreign policy themes, and provide a case-by-case analysis of how it has been applied in specific regions and countries around the world. The book’s aim is to provide a fair and balanced assessment, relatively rare in this period of intense partisanship and impending national election.

Trump Must Go

Trump Must Go

Author: Bill Press

Publisher: Thomas Dunne Books

ISBN: 9781250306487

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 126

"I would give myself an A+" —Donald Trump, on his first 100 days in office. Americans increasingly agree on one thing: Every day that Trump stays in office, he diminishes the United States and its people. In Trump Must Go, TV and radio host Bill Press offers 100 reasons why Trump needs to be removed from office, whether by impeachment, the 25th Amendment, or the ballot box. Beginning with the man himself and moving through Trump’s executive action damage, Press covers Trump's debasement of the United States political system and degrading of the American presidency. Ranging from banning federal employees’ use of the phrase “climate change,” to putting down Haiti, El Salvador, and African nations as “shithole” countries, we have to wonder what he’ll do next. He has a bromance with Putin that enables several meetings between Trump staffers and Russian officials, and he has a wrecking crew administration: Attorney General Jeff Sessions, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, and Housing Secretary Ben Carson, to name a few. Extensive “executive time” marks Trump’s calendar so he can golf, watch TV, and eat fast food. Trump has done it all...badly. But, in a political climate where the world has learned to expect the unexpected, Press offers readers a twist: one reason not to ditch Donald Trump.

Trump and His Generals

Trump and His Generals

Author: Peter Bergen

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780525522423

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 616

From one of America's preeminent national security journalists, an explosive, news-breaking account of Donald Trump's collision with the American national security establishment, and with the world It is a simple fact that no president in American history brought less foreign policy experience to the White House than Donald J. Trump. The real estate developer from Queens promised to bring his brash, zero-sum swagger to bear to cut through America's most complex national security issues, and he did. If the cost of his "America First" agenda was bulldozing the edifice of foreign alliances that had been carefully tended by every president from Truman to Obama, then so be it. It was clear from the first that Trump's inclinations were radically more blunt force than his predecessors'. When briefed by the Pentagon on Iran and the Strait of Hormuz, he exclaimed, "The next time Iran sends its boats into the Strait: blow them out of the water! Let's get Mad Dog on this." When told that the capital of South Korea, Seoul, was so close to the North Korean border that millions of people would likely die in the first hours of any all-out war, Trump had a bold response, "They have to move." The officials in the Oval Office weren't sure if he was joking. He raised his voice. "They have to move!" Very quickly, it became clear to a number of people at the highest levels of government that their gravest mission was to protect America from Donald Trump. Trump and His Generals is Peter Bergen's riveting account of what happened when the unstoppable force of President Trump met the immovable object of America's national security establishment--the CIA, the State Department, and, above all, the Pentagon. If there is a real "deep state" in DC, it is not the FBI so much as the national security community, with its deep-rooted culture and hierarchy. The men Trump selected for his key national security positions, Jim Mattis, John Kelly, and H. R. McMaster, were products of that culture: Trump wanted generals, and he got them. Three years later, they would be gone, and the guardrails were off. From Iraq and Afghanistan to Syria and Iran, from Russia and China to North Korea and Islamist terrorism, Trump and His Generals is a brilliant reckoning with an American ship of state navigating a roiling sea of threats without a well-functioning rudder. Lucid and gripping, it brings urgently needed clarity to issues that affect the fate of us all. But clarity, unfortunately, is not the same thing as reassurance.

Trump’s World

Trump’s World

Author: John Davis

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781498589758

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 416

Trump’s World:Peril and Opportunity in US Foreign Policy after Obama examines how Trump’s America First policy contributes to counter-US hysteria that could lead to a new wave of anti-Americanism around the world.