Understanding West Africas Ebola Epidemic

Understanding West Africas Ebola Epidemic

Author: Ibrahim Abdullah

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 9781786991713

Category: Medical

Page: 175

View: 223

From 2013 to 2015, over 11,000 people across West Africa lost their lives to the deadliest outbreak of the Ebola virus in history. Crucially, this epidemic marked the first time the virus was able to spread beyond rural areas to major cities, overturning conventional assumptions about its epidemiology. With backgrounds ranging from development to disease control, the contributors to this volume - some of them based in countries affected by the Ebola epidemic - consider the underlying factors that shaped this unprecedented outbreak. While championing the heroic efforts of local communities and aid workers in halting the spread of the disease, the contributors also reveal deep structural problems in both the countries and humanitarian agencies involved, which hampered the efforts to contain the epidemic. Alarmingly, they show that little has been learned from these events, with health provision remaining underfunded and poorly equipped to deal with future outbreaks. Such issues, they argue, reflect the wider challenges we face in tackling epidemic disease in an increasingly interconnected world.

The Ebola Epidemic in West Africa

The Ebola Epidemic in West Africa

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309450096

Category: Medical

Page: 136

View: 967

The most recent Ebola epidemic that began in late 2013 alerted the entire world to the gaps in infectious disease emergency preparedness and response. The regional outbreak that progressed to a significant public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) in a matter of months killed 11,310 and infected more than 28,616. While this outbreak bears some unique distinctions to past outbreaks, many characteristics remain the same and contributed to tragic loss of human life and unnecessary expenditure of capital: insufficient knowledge of the disease, its reservoirs, and its transmission; delayed prevention efforts and treatment; poor control of the disease in hospital settings; and inadequate community and international responses. Recognizing the opportunity to learn from the countless lessons of this epidemic, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in March 2015 to discuss the challenges to successful outbreak responses at the scientific, clinical, and global health levels. Workshop participants explored the epidemic from multiple perspectives, identified important questions about Ebola that remained unanswered, and sought to apply this understanding to the broad challenges posed by Ebola and other emerging pathogens, to prevent the international community from being taken by surprise once again in the face of these threats. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

The Politics of Fear

The Politics of Fear

Author: Michiel Hofman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190624477

Category: Medical

Page: 305

View: 231

The epidemic revealed serious fault lines at all levels of theory and practice of global public health: national governments were shown to be helpless and unprepared for calamity at this scale; the World Health Organization was roundly condemned for its ineffectiveness; the US quietly created its own African CDC a year after the epidemic began. Amid such chaos, Médecins sans Frontières was forced to act with unprecdented autonomy -- and amid great criticism -- in responding to the disease, taking unprecedented steps in deploying services and advocating for international aid.

Fighting Ebola

Fighting Ebola

Author: Global Health G Subcommittee on Africa

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1507801904

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 54

View: 450

The world community has known of the Ebola virus disease, more commonly called just Ebola, since it first appeared in a remote region near the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1976. In previous outbreaks, Ebola has been confined to remote areas in which there was little contact outside the villages at which it appeared. Unfortunately, this outbreak, now an epidemic, spread from village to an international center for regional trade and spread into urban areas in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia that are crowded, with limited medical services and limited resident trust of government. The unprecedented west African Ebola epidemic has not only killed more than 5,000 people with more than 14,000 others known to be affected, this situation has skewed the planning for how to deal with the outbreak. Today's hearing is intended to take testimony from nongovernmental organizations providing services on the ground currently in the affected countries, especially Liberia, so we can better determine how proposed actions are being implemented.

Ebola

Ebola

Author: Alex Smith

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1502862026

Category: Reference

Page: 122

View: 693

The 2014 West African Ebola Outbreak has spread into Europe and the United States. The WHO admits that this crisis will get much worse before it gets better. Are you prepared for an outbreak? What should you do to prepare? Ebola: Understanding and Preparing for an Outbreak, addresses these, and many more questions. Written in a clear and concise manner, with the reader that has beginning or intermediate knowledge of the Ebola Virus and disaster preparedness in mind, this book explores the following topics: Chapter 1: Introduction and Glossary of Terms Chapter 2: About Ebola (Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment) Chapter 3: The History of Ebola Chapter 4: The 2014 West African Ebola Outbreak Chapter 5: Early Stage - What to do Now Chapter 6: Advanced Stage - Outbreaks in Your Country/Region Chapter 7: Crisis Stage - An Epidemic in Your Area Chapter 8: Methods of Disinfection Chapter 9: Establishing Safe Practices (Isolation Rooms, Quarantine Areas, Cleaning Spills, etc.) Chapter 10: Preparations (PPEs and Other Necessary Supplies)

The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

Author: Constantine N. Nana PhD

Publisher: Archway Publishing

ISBN: 9781480835979

Category: Medical

Page: 146

View: 318

The Zaire Ebola virus appeared out of nowhere and then disappeared into thin air after killing scores of humans in West Africa. In The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa, author Constantine N. Nana attempts to better understand the outbreak and answer the question: why? Through meticulous research, combing through misleading media reports and equivocal academic papers, Nana takes a close look at the chain of events. He raises a series of questions: Why were there Ebola experts in the region shortly before the outbreak? Why did the Sierra Leonean government order a research institution to stop Ebola testing during the outbreak? Why did the United States government decline to renew funding for one of the research programs during the crisis? Why did one of the key researchers state that the epidemic may have been caused by a contaminated needle? Did the initial outbreak really originate with a two-year-old child in an isolated area? In The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa, Nana challenges standard explanations of the virus origins and demonstrates that many questions remain unanswered.

The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

Author: Constantine N. Nana, Phd

Publisher: Archway Publishing

ISBN: 148083596X

Category: Medical

Page: 146

View: 141

The Zaire Ebola virus appeared out of nowhere and then disappeared into thin air after killing scores of humans in West Africa. In The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa, author Constantine N. Nana attempts to better understand the outbreak and answer the question: why? Through meticulous research, combing through misleading media reports and equivocal academic papers, Nana takes a close look at the chain of events. He raises a series of questions: - Why were there Ebola experts in the region shortly before the outbreak? - Why did the Sierra Leonean government order a research institution to stop "Ebola testing" during the outbreak? - Why did the United States' government decline to renew funding for one of the research programs during the crisis? - Why did one of the key researchers state that the epidemic may have been caused by a contaminated needle? - Did the initial outbreak really originate with a two-year-old child in an isolated area? In The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa, Nana challenges standard explanations of the virus' origins and demonstrates that many questions remain unanswered.

Diversity and Cultural Competence in the Health Sector

Diversity and Cultural Competence in the Health Sector

Author: Mohamed Kanu

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781793645777

Category: Social Science

Page: 135

View: 371

Diversity and Cultural Competence in the Health Sector: Ebola-Affected Countries in West Africa examines the 2014–2016 Ebola crisis in three West African countries. The authors argue that this public health disaster was exacerbated by the lack of cultural competency in emergency response efforts. Considering the role of culture in the social, economic, health-related, and political dynamics that made these countries particularly vulnerable to the disease and how culturally competent approaches could have been employed sooner to reduce risk and prevent death and disability, this book serves as a guide for government officials, nongovernmental relief agencies, healthcare professionals, and public health personnel on how to effectively center cultural competence in emergency response to infectious disease outbreaks.

Ebola and the International community

Ebola and the International community

Author: Muhammed Ahmed Zengin

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656900986

Category: Medical

Page: 16

View: 230

Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject Sociology - Medical Care, , language: English, abstract: This term paper is concerned with the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa and the responses from the International community. I have chosen this topic, because it was in all the headlines from the newspapers in 2014. We are also responsible for the proceedings in the world. We can’t just close our eyes. There are people suffering in different parts of the world, so we have to do as much as we can to help them. The purpose of this term paper is to inform and clarify about the Ebola virus. The main part of the term paper is divided in four parts. The first part is about the history of Ebola how it emerged and distributed. The second part shows the treatment and the third part the prevention and combat from Ebola. The final part displays the respond from the International community and how different institutions reacted and helped. There comes up the question if they reacted in an appropriate way. This term paper doesn’t show the biological and chemical details of the virus. It would be too sophisticated and complicated. It is limited to the superficies from the virus and the international reactions and helpfulness of the people. In the end I will answer the question if the international community reacted appropriately to Ebola epidemic in West Africa.

Ebola

Ebola

Author: Joseph R. Masci

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351646161

Category: Medical

Page: 273

View: 468

Ebola: Clinical Patterns, Public Health Concerns is a concise description and discussion of the Ebola virus and disease. The intended audience is medical practitioners, including those working in endemic areas as well as health-facility planners and public health practitioners. The book fills an important gap between large texts covering not only Ebola but other hemorrhagic fever viruses and brief pamphlet-style publications on the public health aspects of the infection. In light of the recent large outbreak in West Africa, this book is a part of the developing foundation needed to deal with emerging diseases.

Red Zone

Red Zone

Author: Enrique Ubieta

Publisher: Pathfinder Press

ISBN: 1604881143

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 709

"Just as the Cuban combatants in Angola set an example that can never be erased, the heroic actions of Cuba's army of white coats will occupy a place of honor." FIDEL CASTRO, OCTOBER 2014In 2014 three West African countries were hit by the largest epidemic on record of the deadly Ebola virus. In response to an international call for help, Cuba's revolutionary socialist government provided what was needed most-and what no other country even tried to deliver.In a matter of weeks, more than 250 volunteer Cuban doctors, nurses, technicians, and public health specialists were on the ground providing hands-on care to thousands of desperately ill human beings and their traumatized families and communities.By mid-2015 the Ebola epidemic in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea had been virtually eradicated.The discipline, courage, sense of humor, and pride of these Cuban volunteers rings throughout the firsthand accounts recorded here. Their actions showed the world the kind of men and women only a deep-going socialist revolution can produce.

Integrating Clinical Research into Epidemic Response

Integrating Clinical Research into Epidemic Response

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309457767

Category: Medical

Page: 343

View: 234

The 2014â€"2015 Ebola epidemic in western Africa was the longest and most deadly Ebola epidemic in history, resulting in 28,616 cases and 11,310 deaths in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The Ebola virus has been known since 1976, when two separate outbreaks were identified in the Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire) and South Sudan (then Sudan). However, because all Ebola outbreaks prior to that in West Africa in 2014â€"2015 were relatively isolated and of short duration, little was known about how to best manage patients to improve survival, and there were no approved therapeutics or vaccines. When the World Heath Organization declared the 2014-2015 epidemic a public health emergency of international concern in August 2014, several teams began conducting formal clinical trials in the Ebola affected countries during the outbreak. Integrating Clinical Research into Epidemic Response: The Ebola Experience assesses the value of the clinical trials held during the 2014â€"2015 epidemic and makes recommendations about how the conduct of trials could be improved in the context of a future international emerging or re-emerging infectious disease events.