What Makes Biology Unique?

What Makes Biology Unique?

Author: Ernst Mayr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521700345

Category: Psychology

Page: 252

View: 993

This book, a collection of essays written by the most eminent evolutionary biologist of the twentieth century, explores biology as an autonomous science, offers insights on the history of evolutionary thought, critiques the contributions of philosophy to the science of biology, and comments on several of the major ongoing issues in evolutionary theory. Notably, Mayr explains that Darwin's theory of evolution is actually five separate theories, each with its own history, trajectory and impact. Natural selection is a separate idea from common descent, and from geographic speciation, and so on. A number of the perennial Darwinian controversies may well have been caused by the confounding of the five separate theories into a single composite. Those interested in evolutionary theory, or the philosophy and history of science will find useful ideas in this book, which should appeal to virtually anyone with a broad curiosity about biology.

Driven to Lead

Driven to Lead

Author: Paul R. Lawrence

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470638538

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 514

PRAISE FOR DRIVEN TO LEAD "A powerful scientific framework, grounded in evolutionary biology, that helps us think about leadership successes and failures throughout history and how we might address humanity's need for better leadership going forward." —NITIN NOHRIA, dean, Harvard Business School "Brilliant insights—straightforward, easy to comprehend, and extremely useful to anyone in business. I predict the four-drives model will replace Maslow's hierarchy of needs as the accepted way of describing human behavior." —DAVID N. BURT, chairman emeritus, Supply Chain Management Institute, University of San Diego "Paul Lawrence is back! Driven to Lead is the most comprehensive general theory of leadership ever created. By digging deeply into Darwin, Lawrence offers a practical guide for authentic leaders to excel in today's challenging world." —BILL GEORGE, professor of management practice, Harvard Business School, and former chair and CEO, Medtronic "If Darwin had written a book about leadership in the twenty-first century, this would be it." —RANJAY GULATI, Jaime and Josefina Chua Tiampo Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School "It's the E = mc2 of human behavior." —MALCOLM DELEO, Vice President of Innovation, Daymon Worldwide "This book presents a rigorous and novel theory on how evolution and the human brain can produce effective and ineffective leadership. The writing is clear. It is accessible to practitioners as well as to researchers." —CHRIS ARGYRIS, professor emeritus, Harvard Business School

Astrobiology of Earth

Astrobiology of Earth

Author: Joseph Gale

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199205806

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 520

An understanding of the unique conditions that allowed life to emerge and exist today on our planet is essential if we are to answer two fundamental questions facing humanity - the continuation of life on earth, and the existence of life outside our planet. This book contributes to our understanding of astrobiology as it applies to planet Earth.

Activist Biology

Activist Biology

Author: Regina Horta Duarte

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816532018

Category: History

Page: 265

View: 289

Activist Biology is the story of a group of biologists at the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro who joined the drive to renew the Brazilian nation, claiming as their weapon the voice of their fledgling field. It offers a portrait of science as a creative and transformative pathway. This book will intrigue anyone fascinated by environmental history and Latin American political and social life in the 1920s and 1930s.

Insect Biodiversity

Insect Biodiversity

Author: Robert G. Foottit

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118945537

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 129

Volume One of the thoroughly revised and updated guide to the study of biodiversity in insects The second edition of Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society brings together in one comprehensive text contributions from leading scientific experts to assess the influence insects have on humankind and the earth’s fragile ecosystems. Revised and updated, this new edition includes information on the number of substantial changes to entomology and the study of biodiversity. It includes current research on insect groups, classification, regional diversity, and a wide range of concepts and developing methodologies. The authors examine why insect biodiversity matters and how the rapid evolution of insects is affecting us all. This book explores the wide variety of insect species and their evolutionary relationships. Case studies offer assessments on how insect biodiversity can help meet the needs of a rapidly expanding human population, and also examine the consequences that an increased loss of insect species will have on the world. This important text: Explores the rapidly increasing influence on systematics of genomics and next-generation sequencing Includes developments in the use of DNA barcoding in insect systematics and in the broader study of insect biodiversity, including the detection of cryptic species Discusses the advances in information science that influence the increased capability to gather, manipulate, and analyze biodiversity information Comprises scholarly contributions from leading scientists in the field Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society highlights the rapid growth of insect biodiversity research and includes an expanded treatment of the topic that addresses the major insect groups, the zoogeographic regions of biodiversity, and the scope of systematics approaches for handling biodiversity data.

Fingerprint - What Makes Me Unique : Biology for Kids | Children's Biology Books

Fingerprint - What Makes Me Unique : Biology for Kids | Children's Biology Books

Author: Baby Professor

Publisher: Speedy Publishing LLC

ISBN: 9781541909113

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 557

Make biology an interesting subject for little learners through this fun picture book. In this book, we will discuss the features that make you . One of these would be your fingerprint. Did you know that you are the only one with a fingerprint like yours? None of the seven billion people in the world is a duplicate of you! Learn more interesting facts about your body today!

Systematics and the Origin of Species

Systematics and the Origin of Species

Author: National Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309165105

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 978

In December 2004, the National Academy of Sciences sponsored a colloquium on "Systematics and the Origin of Species" to celebrate Ernst Mayr's 100th anniversary and to explore current knowledge concerning the origin of species. In 1942, Ernst Mayr, one of the twentieth century's greatest scientists, published Systematics and the Origin of Species, a seminal book of the modern theory of evolution, where he advanced the significance of population variation in the understanding of evolutionary process and the origin of new species. Mayr formulated the transition from Linnaeus's static species concept to the dynamic species concept of the modern theory of evolution and emphasized the species as a community of populations, the role of reproductive isolation, and the ecological interactions between species. In addition to a preceding essay by Edward O. Wilson, this book includes the 16 papers presented by distinguished evolutionists at the colloquium. The papers are organized into sections covering the origins of species barriers, the processes of species divergence, the nature of species, the meaning of "species," and genomic approaches for understanding diversity and speciation.

Life Cycles

Life Cycles

Author: John Tyler Bonner

Publisher:

ISBN: 0691001510

Category: Science

Page: 209

View: 769

Within a single captivating narrative, John Bonner combines an intensely personal memoir of scientific progress and an overview of what we now know about living things. Bonner, a major participant in the development of biology as an experimental science, draws on his life-long study of slime molds for an understanding of the life cycle-the foundation of all biology. In an age of increasing specialization and fragmentation among subfields of biology, this is a unique work of reflection and integration. Originally published in 1995. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Purpose and Desire

Purpose and Desire

Author: J. Scott Turner

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 9780062651587

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 763

A professor, biologist, and physiologist argues that modern Darwinism’s materialist and mechanistic biases have led to a scientific dead end, unable to define what life is—and only an openness to the qualities of "purpose and desire" will move the field forward. Scott Turner contends. "To be scientists, we force ourselves into a Hobson’s choice on the matter: accept intentionality and purposefulness as real attributes of life, which disqualifies you as a scientist; or become a scientist and dismiss life’s distinctive quality from your thinking. I have come to believe that this choice actually stands in the way of our having a fully coherent theory of life." Growing research shows that life's most distinctive quality, shared by all living things, is purpose and desire: maintain homeostasis to sustain life. In Purpose and Desire, Turner draws on the work of Claude Bernard, a contemporary of Darwin revered among physiologists as the founder of experimental medicine, to build on Bernard’s "dangerous idea" of vitalism, which seeks to identify what makes "life" a unique phenomenon of nature. To further its quest to achieve a fuller understanding of life, Turner argues, science must move beyond strictly accepted measures that consider only the mechanics of nature. A thoughtful appeal to widen our perspective of biology that is grounded in scientific evidence, Purpose and Desire helps us bridge the ideological evolutionary divide.