When Christians Were Jews

When Christians Were Jews

Author: Paula Fredriksen

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300240740

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 889

A compelling account of Christianity’s Jewish beginnings, from one of the world’s leading scholars of ancient religion How did a group of charismatic, apocalyptic Jewish missionaries, working to prepare their world for the impending realization of God's promises to Israel, end up inaugurating a movement that would grow into the gentile church? Committed to Jesus’s prophecy—“The Kingdom of God is at hand!”—they were, in their own eyes, history's last generation. But in history's eyes, they became the first Christians. In this electrifying social and intellectual history, Paula Fredriksen answers this question by reconstructing the life of the earliest Jerusalem community. As her account arcs from this group’s hopeful celebration of Passover with Jesus, through their bitter controversies that fragmented the movement’s midcentury missions, to the city’s fiery end in the Roman destruction of Jerusalem, she brings this vibrant apostolic community to life. Fredriksen offers a vivid portrait both of this temple-centered messianic movement and of the bedrock convictions that animated and sustained it.

Summary of Paula Fredriksen's When Christians Were Jews

Summary of Paula Fredriksen's When Christians Were Jews

Author: Everest Media,

Publisher: Everest Media LLC

ISBN: 9798822514409

Category: Religion

Page: 19

View: 544

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The city of Jerusalem was the center of Jewish life for nearly 500 years, from the Persian period until the Roman Empire destroyed it in 70 C. E. #2 The house of David and the house of God came together in Jewish tradition. The Second Temple was rebuilt by the returning exiles and the Hasmoneans, and it reached its height of splendor under Herod the Great. #3 The Hellenization of Jerusalem by the Seleucids was a conflict between Greek and Jewish cultures. Some Jews welcomed these changes, while others resisted them. The Maccabean Revolt marked the beginning of Roman involvement with Judea. #4 The Roman general Pompey conquered Jerusalem in 63 B. C. E. He entered the sanctuary of the temple, in Jewish eyes thus defiling it. He tore down the city walls and deprived Jerusalem of revenue-yielding territories. But soon, the Roman emperor Octavian would conquer Mark Antony and become ruler of Rome, and Herod would be appointed king of Judea.

The Talmud tested by Scripture

The Talmud tested by Scripture

Author: Alexander McCaul

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783755776697

Category: Religion

Page: 807

View: 685

Salvation is of the Jews. Amongst all the religions systems existing in the world, there are but two deserving of attentive consideration, and they are both of Jewish origin, and were once exclusively confined to the Jewish nation. They are now known by the names of Judaism and Christianity; but it must never be forgotten that the latter is as entirely Jewish as the former. The Author of Christianity was a Jew. The first preachers of Christianity were Jews. The first Christians were all Jews; so that, in discussing the truth of these respective systems, we are not opposing a Gentile religion to a Jewish religion, but comparing one Jewish creed with another Jewish creed. Neither in defending Christianity, do we wish to diminish aught from the privileges of the Jewish people; on the contrary, we candidly acknowledge that we are disciples of the Jews, converts to Jewish doctrines, partakers of the Jewish hope, and advocates of that truth which the Jews have taught us.

When Christians Were Jews (That Is, Now)

When Christians Were Jews (That Is, Now)

Author: Wayne-Daniel Berard

Publisher: Picador

ISBN: 1561012807

Category: Religion

Page: 276

View: 437

Documents the author's own identity as a half-Jewish person adopted by Christian parents while inviting Christians to rediscover their Jewish heritage, exploring Jesus's identity as a member of the Jewish faith while discussing how the Gospel of Mark can inform modern Christians about how Jewish traditions were influenced by historical events. Original.

Jews and Christians – Parting Ways in the First Two Centuries CE?

Jews and Christians – Parting Ways in the First Two Centuries CE?

Author: Jens Schröter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110742244

Category: Religion

Page: 415

View: 390

The present volume is based on a conference held in October 2019 at the Faculty of Theology of Humboldt University Berlin as part of a common project of the Australian Catholic University, the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and the Humboldt University Berlin. The aim is to discuss the relationships of “Jews” and “Christians” in the first two centuries CE against the background of recent debates which have called into question the image of “parting ways” for a description of the relationships of Judaism and Christianity in antiquity. One objection raised against this metaphor is that it accentuates differences at the expense of commonalities. Another critique is that this image looks from a later perspective at historical developments which can hardly be grasped with such a metaphor. It is more likely that distinctions between Jews, Christians, Jewish Christians, Christian Jews etc. are more blurred than the image of “parting ways” allows. In light of these considerations the contributions in this volume discuss the cogency of the “parting of the ways”-model with a look at prominent early Christian writers and places and suggest more appropriate metaphors to describe the relationships of Jews and Christians in the early period.

Jews, Christians and Muslims in Encounter

Jews, Christians and Muslims in Encounter

Author: Edward Kessler

Publisher: SCM Press

ISBN: 9780334049913

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 983

This book reflects on one of the most pressing challenges of our time: the current and historical relationships that exist between the faith-traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It begins with discussion on the state of Jewish-Christian relations, examining antisemitism and the Holocaust, the impact of Israel and theological controversies such as covenant and mission. Kessler also traces different biblical stories and figures, from the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, demonstrating Jewish-Christian contact and controversy. Jews and Christians share a sacred text, but more surprisingly, a common exegetical tradition.

The Third Day

The Third Day

Author: Roger Garza

Publisher: Christian Faith Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 9781638441502

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 802

There is a reason why most analysts of biblical prophecy can't figure out how Christians and Jews can ever unite. The reason is that they are missing a piece of the prophetic puzzle. A piece that is so obvious I can only conclude that God hid it in plain sight, in the Scriptures - and is only now making it known to the world as a whole rather than just a select few. The fact is that both the Old Testament and the New Testament proclaim that in the last days, Gentiles and Jews will come together into one family and will together worship the One True God. Most Jews assume that this will happen when Christians (and all other Gentiles), finally realize that they were wrong, when Christians finally realize that Jesus was not the Messiah, and convert to Judaism. Most Christians assume that this will happen when Jews finally realize that they were wrong, accept Jesus as the Messiah, and convert to Christianity. At this point in history, either alternative seems highly unlikely. But what if there is a third alternative - one that lets Jews remain Jewish, Christians remain Christian, and yet puts us all into one united family of God? In this book you will learn: * How the same type of scholarship that is used to refute Christianity refutes Judaism also, and the same type of scholarship used to support Judaism supports Christianity as well. * How the Christian doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation do not contradict Jewish monotheism as defined in the Old Testament. * How the completeness and finality of Old Testament Law can be reconciled with the apparently contradictory statement that Christ has inaugurated a better Covenant (Hebrews 8:6) It is my belief that once the ideas proposed in this book are received and applied, the world will awaken from the nearly 2,000 year old nightmare of fear and mistrust between Christians and Jews, and our mutual thirst for the arrival of the Messianic Age will finally be quenched.

Jews and Christians in Denmark

Jews and Christians in Denmark

Author: Martin Schwarz Lausten

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004304376

Category: Religion

Page: 308

View: 603

In Jews and Christians in Denmark Martin Schwarz Lausten investigates how the antijudaistic attitudes in Church and society changed starting around 1100. While some anti-Semitic movements arose later, 7,000 Danish Jews were able to escape to Sweden with Christian assistance during the German occupation.

Beyond Reception

Beyond Reception

Author: David Brakke

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UVA:X030113410

Category: Religion

Page: 245

View: 830

This book argues that it is time to rethink reception as a traditional paradigm for understanding the relation between the ancient Greco-Roman traditions and early Judaism and Christianity. The concept of reception implies taking something from one fixed box into another, often chronologically later one, but actually Jews and Christians were deeply involved in Greco-Roman society in many different ways. The communication of cultural and religious ideas and practices took place among various religious and cultural communities with many overlaps. Accordingly, the contributors of this volume intend to develop a more multi-faceted view of such processes and to go beyond the term reception.

Christians or Jews?

Christians or Jews?

Author: Réka Tímea Újlaki-Nagy

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783647573311

Category: Religion

Page: 293

View: 899

Transylvanian Sabbatarianism emerged from the aspirations of the Reformation, without direct contact with the Jews. Although the most frequently asked question about them concerns their identity – were they Christians or Jews – the answers of the literature are superficial, biased, and take only an external point of view. The aim of this book, therefore, is to move closer to the 16—17th century Sabbatarian manuscripts and to examine how much they were still connected to Christianity in their biblical interpretations, doctrines and religious practices, how they adapted to Judaism, and how they saw themselves in relation to the two world religions. The analysis of Réka Tímea Újlaki-Nagy shows that although they still held some Christian beliefs, these were considered to be incidental and unnecessary to salvation. Sabbatarians followed the ideal of an age preceding Christ, consequently the Reformation effort to restitute apostolic Christianity disappeared from their religious thought.

The Jews in Sicily, Volume 18 Under the Rule of Aragon and Spain

The Jews in Sicily, Volume 18 Under the Rule of Aragon and Spain

Author: Shlomo Simonsohn

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004186552

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 636

This volume documents the history of the Jews in Sicily based on notarial and court records. It illustrates the economic, social, and religious history of the Jewish minority and the relations with the Christian majority. The volume is provided with additional bibliography and indexes while the introduction will appear at the end of the series.