Why the Mind Is Not a Computer

Why the Mind Is Not a Computer

Author: Raymond Tallis

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 9781845405359

Category: Psychology

Page: 109

View: 877

The equation "Mind = Machine" is false. This pocket lexicon of "neuromythology" shows why. Taking a series of key words such as calculation, language, information and memory, Professor Tallis shows how their misuse has a lured a whole generation into accepting the computational model of the mind. First of all these words were used literally in the description of the human mind. Then computer scientists applied them metaphorically to the workings of their machines. And finally, their metaphorical status forgotten, the use of the terms was called as evidence of artificial intelligence in machines and the computational nature of conscious thought.

Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are not Machines

Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are not Machines

Author: J.H. Fetzer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401009737

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 901

An important collection of studies providing a fresh and original perspective on the nature of mind, including thoughtful and detailed arguments that explain why the prevailing paradigm - the computational conception of language and mentality - can no longer be sustained. An alternative approach is advanced, inspired by the work of Charles S. Peirce, according to which minds are sign-using (or `semiotic') systems, which in turn generates distinctions between different kinds of minds and overcomes problems that burden more familiar alternatives. Unlike conceptions of minds as machines, this novel approach has obvious evolutionary implications, where differences in semiotic abilities tend to distinguish the species. From this point of view, the scope and limits of computer and AI systems can be more adequately appraised and alternative accounts of consciousness and cognition can be more thoroughly criticised. Readership: Intermediate and advanced students of computer science, AI, cognitive science, and all students of the philosophy of the mind.

The Computer and the Mind

The Computer and the Mind

Author: Philip Nicholas Johnson-Laird

Publisher: Fontana Press

ISBN: UOM:39015032954706

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 472

View: 997

This book addresses the central issues of cognitive science, such as how the mind works, and what enables us to have thoughts and feelings. The author explains what cognitive science is, describes its origins, and outlines what it has achieved.

The Computer and the Mind

The Computer and the Mind

Author: Philip Nicholas Johnson-Laird

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674156161

Category: Psychology

Page: 444

View: 169

Briefly taces the history of cognitive science, looks at computational models of how the human mind works, and discusses visual perception, learning, memory, reasoning, and the formation of new ideas

Between Mind and Computer

Between Mind and Computer

Author: P.-Z. Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810236638

Category: Mathematics

Page: 387

View: 667

The ?Fuzzy Explosion? emanating from Japan has compelled more people than ever to ponder the meaning and potential of fuzzy engineering. Scientists all over are now beginning to harness the power of fuzzy recognition and decision-making ? reminescent of the way the human mind works ? in computer applications.In this book a blue-ribbon list of contributors discusses the latest developments in topics such as possibility logic programming, truth-valued flow inference, fuzzy neural-logic networks and default knowledge representation. This volume is the first in a series aiming to document advances in fuzzy set theory and its applications.

THE MIND CONTROL GAME (COMPUTERS)

THE MIND CONTROL GAME (COMPUTERS)

Author: Anthony Griffin

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781450069625

Category: Fiction

Page: 144

View: 294

About this book: This book is about a man whose name is Kelly who have been have dreams or nightmares about something that may have happened in his life so he begins to try and find out if any portion of his dreams are true. He starts talking to some of his co-workers to see if they have been having any weird dreams of their own. Kelly find’s out that Sara, his friend has been having strange dreams also and they both start their investigation of who is responsible and how to stop them.

Mind

Mind

Author: John R. Searle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195157345

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 980

A dozen problems in the philosophy of mind - The turn to materialism - Arguments against materialism - Consciousness and the mind-body problem - The structure of consciousness and neurobiology - Intentionality - Mental causation - Free will - The unconscious and the explanation of behavior - Perception - The self.

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Author: Desney S. Tan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781849962728

Category: Computers

Page: 277

View: 715

For generations, humans have fantasized about the ability to create devices that can see into a person’s mind and thoughts, or to communicate and interact with machines through thought alone. Such ideas have long captured the imagination of humankind in the form of ancient myths and modern science fiction stories. Recent advances in cognitive neuroscience and brain imaging technologies have started to turn these myths into a reality, and are providing us with the ability to interface directly with the human brain. This ability is made possible through the use of sensors that monitor physical processes within the brain which correspond with certain forms of thought. Brain-Computer Interfaces: Applying our Minds to Human-Computer Interaction broadly surveys research in the Brain-Computer Interface domain. More specifically, each chapter articulates some of the challenges and opportunities for using brain sensing in Human-Computer Interaction work, as well as applying Human-Computer Interaction solutions to brain sensing work. For researchers with little or no expertise in neuroscience or brain sensing, the book provides background information to equip them to not only appreciate the state-of-the-art, but also ideally to engage in novel research. For expert Brain-Computer Interface researchers, the book introduces ideas that can help in the quest to interpret intentional brain control and develop the ultimate input device. It challenges researchers to further explore passive brain sensing to evaluate interfaces and feed into adaptive computing systems. Most importantly, the book will connect multiple communities allowing research to leverage their work and expertise and blaze into the future.

Brain-Computer Interfaces 1

Brain-Computer Interfaces 1

Author: Maureen Clerc

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119144991

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 516

Brain–computer interfaces (BCI) are devices which measure brain activity and translate it into messages or commands, thereby opening up many investigation and application possibilities. This book provides keys for understanding and designing these multi-disciplinary interfaces, which require many fields of expertise such as neuroscience, statistics, informatics and psychology. This first volume, Methods and Perspectives, presents all the basic knowledge underlying the working principles of BCI. It opens with the anatomical and physiological organization of the brain, followed by the brain activity involved in BCI, and following with information extraction, which involves signal processing and machine learning methods. BCI usage is then described, from the angle of human learning and human-machine interfaces. The basic notions developed in this reference book are intended to be accessible to all readers interested in BCI, whatever their background. More advanced material is also offered, for readers who want to expand their knowledge in disciplinary fields underlying BCI. This first volume will be followed by a second volume, entitled Technology and Applications

In the Eye of Einstein

In the Eye of Einstein

Author: Elliot Laurence

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1494770008

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 220

With all the technology available to us today, it is important to realize that computers and machines will never be able to envision, imagine, perceive, channel and generate ideas, nor will they be able to teach you how to do so. To do such a thing, it requires direct human to human interaction and the conscious retraining of the stimulus response mechanism in all of us. Yet our culture is being deluded and duped to think that this is still possible with technology. For example certain websites, claim to help you expand your brain. Well this is a half truth. It does speed up your brain and dilate some neural pathways, but the pathways it develops are those of memory. Even better comprehension is still about memories, just a bigger collection of them. It does not teach you how to envision and think objectively. The neural pathways to that are in completely different parts of the brain. In fact all those websites can do is show you how to imitate a computer and be faster at it. In other words all dressed up for thinking but nowhere to go. Now this does not mean that memory isn't important, but it is not thinking. It is also important to understand that human to human interaction of brain training is irreplaceable and the most important factor of human development. The ability to envision and think objectively is the defining principal of intelligent life. This separates us from any other living species and being a totally mechanical one. With the momentum of enticing technological advances, it is the most crucial factor to get right in our lifetimes or forever hold our peace. We now have generation after generation of youth that are growing up immersed in the technological misconception that computing tools and accumulating of facts is critical thinking and the educational system is contributing, if not driving this debacle. The emphasis on math and science, to the exclusion of the arts and creativity is a death nil of the greater human potential. We as adults are being constantly wooed and bombarded with technology. Look at the lines for the new i-phones and X-Boxes. See how the most successful films are about complete fantasy worlds as well as video games where the visualization process of your own minds are replaced by other predetermined fantasies already spelled out for you.Real Thinking is not the accumulation of more and more information and the associative properties of it. Thinking is a whole other processes, that makes your mind step back and objectively observe information, visualize and bring in ideas outside of ourselves and see how to relate it to not only other ideas, but to ideas that have not even been thought of yet. So where do you go to learn how to actually think and visualize; not just memorize and calculate? As I mentioned, schools aren't teaching it, computers and so called brain training websites are not teaching it. Maybe in some more advanced higher learning classes in ethics and philosophy people might be challenged to think about things differently. There is some glimmer of hope with the attempts of the new “common core” programs, but they are very basic in nature. Up until now there is still not an actual method that is specifically designed to teach you not just the different processes of learning and expanding your learning capacity, but how visualize solutions and utilize what you have learned at the same time.This is where the value of this book comes into the picture. You will learn about the different thinking processes, how to access them and set priorities of different levels of thinking.This also means that you can tap into this vast connected array of filaments from your own back yard and eventually catch up to the stream of thought of those who have traveled that stream before you. That makes it easier to catch up with them now, because they have already blazed the path of how to get thereOur visions create the universe and the universe creates our visions.